Effects of fibronectin and type IV collagen on osteosarcoma cell apoptosis
Indian journal of experimental biology
The aims of this study are the investigation of the effects of fibronectin and type IV collagen extracellular matrix proteins and the role of caspase-3 and -9 on cis-platin induced U2-OS apoptosis were studied. First the cytotoxic effects of cis-platin on cell system were investigated by colorimetric method and than morphological and ELISA analysis were used for determination of cell apoptosis when induced with cis-platin. In addition, after adhering the cells to fibronection or type IV
... or type IV collagen proteins, the apoptotic rate and the effects of caspase-3 and -9 were also investigated by ELISA in presence of specific inhibitors. U2-OS cells showed 20% cytotoxicity after treatment with 2.4 microM of cis-platin for 48 h. Morphological and the numerical data showed that cis-platin was able to induced apoptosis on cells as a dose-dependent manner. Caspase-3 and -9 inhibitors inhibited cis-platin-induced apoptosis in U2-OS cells, respectively. The binding of cells to 10 microg/mL of fibronectin but not type IV collagen enhanced the apoptosis about 2.5 fold that effects inhibited with caspase-3 inhibitor. The caspase-3 and -9 are involved in the apoptotic signals induced by cis-platin in U2-OS. The binding to fibronectin, but not type IV collagen enhanced the apoptotic response of U2-OS and fibronectin-dependent apoptosis was activated by caspase-3. These finding might be useful for patients to fight against osteosarcoma.