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Methodology Optimization of DNA extraction from fresh leaf tissues of Melanoxylon brauna (Fabaceae)

D.B. Borges, M.B. Amorim, A.M. Waldschmidt, E. Mariano-Neto, C.V. Vivas, D.G. Pereira
2012 Genetics and Molecular Research  
Melanoxylon brauna (Fabaceae -Caesalpinioideae) is an endemic and valuable hardwood tree species in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest; it is comparable to African ebony wood. We tested three protocols of DNA extraction based on the citrimonium bromide (CTAB) method and evaluated the quantity, purity and integrity of the DNA. We also determined whether these procedures interfere with PCR amplification in order to develop a protocol for M. brauna. We found that the quality and integrity of DNA
more » ... integrity of DNA were improved with the use of proteinase K in the extraction buffer and by modifications in the centrifugation speed. The lowest concentration of DNA was obtained with Doyle and Doyle's protocol (5.42 ng/μL). Ferreira and Grattapaglia's protocol modified for M. brauna provided the most DNA (36.89 ng/μL) and the highest quality DNA (purity ratio of 1.80 nm). The original Ferreira and ©FUNPEC-RP Genetics and Molecular Research 11 (2): 1586-1591 (2012) Optimization of DNA extraction of Melanoxylon brauna Grattapaglia protocol provided 13.42 ng/μL DNA; however, the purity ratio (1.44 nm) indicates protein contamination. PCR results showed that Ferreira and Grattapaglia's protocol modified for M. brauna gave satisfactory quantity and purity of DNA for molecular studies.
doi:10.4238/2012.may.22.8 pmid:22653632 fatcat:xcwqzjp73vep3atqid2suhhihm