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Male and female moths communicate in complex ways to search for and to select a mate. In a process termed calling, females emit small quantities of pheromones, generating plumes that spread in the environment. Males detect the plume through their antennae and navigate toward the female. The reproductive process is marked by female choice and male–male competition, since multiple males aim to reach the female but only the first can mate with her. This provides an opportunity for female selectiondoi:10.3390/app10186543 doaj:9c3ccb2630734bce8da7b4d9d10114ce fatcat:nyu62l37mza43ctsfmxwquh6re