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Seasonal and Long-Term Coupling between Wintertime Storm Tracks and Sea Surface Temperature in the North Pacific

Bolan Gan, Lixin Wu
2013 Journal of Climate  
In this study, a lagged maximum covariance analysis (MCA) of the wintertime storm-track and sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies derived from the reanalysis datasets shows significant seasonal and long-term relationships between storm tracks and SST variations in the North Pacific. At seasonal time scales, it is found that the midlatitude warm (cold) SST anomalies in the preceding fall, which are expected to change the tropospheric baroclinicity, can significantly reduce (enhance) the
more » ... enhance) the storm-track activities in early winter. The storm-track response pattern, however, is in sharp contrast to the forcing pattern, with warm (cold) SST anomalies in the western-central North Pacific corresponding to a poleward (equatorward) shift of storm tracks. At interannual-to-decadal time scales, it is found that the wintertime SST and storm-track anomalies are mutually reinforced up to 3 yr, which is characterized by PDO-like SST anomalies with warming in the western-central domain coupled with basin-scale positive storm-track anomalies extending along 508N.
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00724.1 fatcat:3bsve7g2abdknhizi4qxmdhqyu