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Association of Low Serum Magnesium Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with & without Hypertension

Anwar Ali Jamali, Ghulam Mustafa Jamali, Ameer Ali Jamali, Niaz Hussain Jamali, Bhojo Mal Tanwani, Muhammad Ali Sohail, Arslan Ahmer Rajput
2018 Open Journal of Preventive Medicine  
Diabetes Mellitus is a widespread metabolic abnormality that constitutes a most important physical dilemma in the world. Hypomagnesaemia accelerates the rate of diabetic complications. Objective: To analyze the association of magnesium levels in DM (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) with and without complication of Hypertension. Design: It was a comparative analytical study. Setting: This research was carried out in medicine department, Peoples Medical College Hospital, Nawabshah from March 2016 to
more » ... m March 2016 to February 2017. Samples: 245 patients with Type 2 DM after fulfilling the selection criteria were included, out of them 123 with hypertension and 122 without hypertension. Methods: After a short-lived consultation, all the subjects were categorized for variable analyses like age, gender, Type 2 DM with and without hypertension, duration of diabetes and presence of hypomagnesaemia. Joint National Committee (JNC 8) classification of Hypertension was applied to collect data. Blood samples were drawn for research purpose in fasting state for serum magnesium level analyses on the basis of hypertension and without hypertension. Results: In 245 diagnosed Type 2 diabetic patients, 160 were males and 85 were females. Out of them, 123 were hypertensive while 122 were non hypertensive. Normal magnesium was present in 120 (48.97%) and low magnesium was present in 125 (51.02%) patients overall. A decreased serum level of magnesium was observed in 52.04% hypertensive subjects with diabetes and 50% non-hypertensive subjects with diabetes. Conclusion: Frequency of decreased serum magnesium is widespread in T2DM with and How to cite this paper:
doi:10.4236/ojpm.2018.83006 fatcat:x6n6fv2yfbhg3eui7gzvewjbpy