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Improving Environmental Efficiency of Reverse Filling Cementitious Materials through Packing Optimization and Fiber Incorporation

Yang Liu, Lou Chen, Keren Zheng, Qiang Yuan
2021 Molecules  
To improve the environmental efficiency of the reverse filling system, three strategies aim to optimize the packing density, and the mechanical property were adopted in this study. Based on the compressive packing model (CPM), the relationship between the D50 ratio and maximum theoretical packing density for a reverse filling system with 25% and 30% superfine Portland cement was established. For comparison, silica fume and steel fiber were also added to the reverse filling system, respectively.
more » ... stem, respectively. The improvement of packing density by adjusting the D50 ratio was verified through the minimum water demand method, CPM, and modified Andreasen and Andersen (MAA) model. Compared to the reverse filling system added with 3 wt % silica fume, which possesses a comparable mechanical property with the optimized group (adjusted D50 ratio), the incorporation of steel fiber shows a more significant increase. The environmental efficiency of all the samples was quantified into five aspects through the calculation based on the mix proportion, compressive strength, and hydration degree. The comprehensive evaluation demonstrated that the optimized reverse filling system exerts a lower environmental impact and possesses a much higher cement use efficiency compared to the majority of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC)/ ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) reported in published papers.
doi:10.3390/molecules26030647 pmid:33513698 fatcat:6jvgkg63offahlh3a6aj3jhhde