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Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction limited 1000 mW in Littman/Metcalf configuration for cavity ring down spectroscopy

Sandra Stry, Joachim Sacher, Sven Thelen, Daniel Halmer, Peter Hering, Manfred Mürtz, Mark S. Zediker
2006 High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications IV  
High resolution spectroscopy of environmental and medical gases requires reliable, fast tunable laser light sources in the mid infrared (MIR) wavelength regime between 3 and 5 microns. Since this wavelength cannot be reached via direct emitting room temperature semiconductor lasers, additional techniques like difference frequency generation (DFG) are essential. Tunable difference frequency generation relays on high power, small linewidth, fast tunable, robust laser diode sources. We report a
more » ... ces. We report a new, very compact, alignment insensitive, robust, external cavity diode laser system in Littman/Metcalf configuration with an output power of 1000mW and an almost Gaussian shaped beam quality (M 2 <1.2). The coupling efficiency for a optical waveguides as well as single mode fibers exceeds 70%. The center wavelength is widely tunable within the tuning range of 20 nm via remote control. This laser system operates longitudinally single mode with a modehop free tuning range of up to 150GHz without current compensation and a side-mode-suppression better than 50dB. This concept can be realized within the wavelength regime between 750 and 1060nm. We approved this light source for high resolution spectroscopy in the field of Cavity-Ring-Down-Spectroscopy (CRDS). Our high powered Littman/Metcalf laser system was part of a MIR-light source which utilizes difference-frequencygeneration in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate (PPLN) crystals. At the wavelength of 3.3µm we were able to perform a high resolution absorption measurement of water with all resolved isotopic H 2 O components. This application clearly demonstrate the suitability of this laser for high high-precision measurements.
doi:10.1117/12.646315 fatcat:wazhad2oabgofptuwsp334dmga