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1875 The Lancet  
454 and that the entire existing funds and capital should b4 specially reserved for the benefit of the present police holders. They also recommend as a part of the scheme that the expenses of the old company should be com paratively small-for the first two years not mor< than 8 per cent. on the premiums, for the nex: five years not more than 6 per cent., and afterward ! not more than 5 per cent., including commission to agents Out of the above-mentioned .6241,503, the directors hac caused to be
more » ... rs hac caused to be reserved £164,424, being the present value oj such rate of expenditure. On this scheme they had taker the opinion of four eminent actuaries, Messrs. Bunyon, Adler, Bailey, and Pearson, and on this opinion they felt justified in recommending the adoption of the scheme to the policy and share holders. By this scheme the expenses of the old association would be limited to th( smallest possible amount, whilst the new association; forming in itself a large body of recently selected lives, got together at comparatively small expenditure, would have unusual prospects of success. The directors also pro. posed to strengthen the executive, some of the present directors to devote their attention specially to the management of the funds and the transactions of the old series, and a larger board to be formed for the new series on which the interests of the policy-holders would be fully represented. The special actuarial opinion of Messrs. Bunyon, Adler, Bailey, and Pearson, above referred to, after stating that these gentlemen had examined the accounts and statements for the five years ending 31st December, 1872, deposited with the Board of Trade, and the valuation then made, and that they had tested that valuation, proceeded to say that the accounts for 1873 and 1874, and the results of a valuation to the end of 1874 on the same basis as the former valuation, had also been submitted to them, and they were of opinion therefrom that the events of the last two years had not appreciably affected the Society's financial position, the resulting balance at the end of last year being ae206,083 as against .8190,688 in 1872. After stating the principle of the new scheme, the opinion of the four actuaries above-named proceeded to say that, 11 assuming this plan to be carried into effect, the existing business to be preserved, and taking the balance of assets over and above the accrued liabilities to be .8659,305, according to the balance-sheet last published, and bearing in mind that the society possesses a large unpaid capital (£142,000) as a further guarantee for the integrity of its assurance contracts, we are of opinion that it will be in a position, with careful and judicious management, to discharge all existing liabilities as they mature. The new company will start with a valuable connexion in complete working order, which has been acquired at an expenditure of much time, labour, and money, and will be free from all existing engagements. Thus circumstanced, and guided by the experience of the past, we think it has good prospects of success." The Chairman detailed at considerable length the advantages of the new scheme, and alluded to the attacks that had been made upon the company by a portion of the press. He, however, insisted that the company was in a sound position. He asked the meeting to pass a resolution authorising the old company to employ the new in the collection of their income from the 31st December, 1875, at the rates stated in the report, including all expenses of offices, clerks, stamps, &c., and that they should relieve the old series from their current business expenses, with the premises and any existing agreements. He then moved, 11 That the report just read be received and adopted, and circulated." Dr. Richards seconded the motion, which, after having been strongly supported by Mr. Oliver, Dr. Owen (Lord Mayor elect of Dublin), Mr. Chapman (an old shareholder), and Mr. Fox (Dublin), was put to the meeting, and carried unanimously amidst cheers. THE HUNTERIAN SOCIETY. THE Council of the Hunterian Society feels that the Society's usefulness would be much increased by the operations being more widely known amongst the members of the profession. 1. The London Institution, Finsbury-circus, in which its meetings are held, now forms the central point on which no less than nine suburban railways converge at only three minutes' walking distance from each. 2. It possesses the most complete accommodation for small as well as very large meetings. 3. its permanent medical library consists of nearly 4000 volumes, and it has established a circulating one by subscription to Lewis, by which each member can obtain all the latest works on application to the librarian between the hours of 10 A.M. and 4 r.n2. 4. It is a Society originally established (fifty-seven years ago) for the purpose of encouraging kindly feeling, friendly discussion, and integrity of purpose amongst its members. These objects it has steadily fulfilled during its course, and has always maintained a sound financial position. One reason for its being less known than other medical societies is a rule made in limine that publication should be avoided lest it should restrict freedom of discussion. Another reason is migration to the West of the men who were at one period of its formation the leading members of the profession. A third reason was difficulty of access to its former place of meeting. This now is changed, and the Council desires to bring the fact as prominently as they legi. timately can before the profession. A CASE OF POISONING BY NEURALINE. To the Editor of THE LANCET. SiR,—It may be useful to place on record a case of suicidal poisoning by neuraline, which has just occurred in Marylebone, and in which death appears to have resulted quickly and almost, if not altogether, without a struggle, after swallowing a comparatively large quantity of that extensively advertised preparation of aconite. The de. ceased, who had previously been in sound health, was a gentleman of good position in Holland, aged thirty-six years, who had lately arrived in this country, and who, in addition to other domestic troubles, had been much overcome by the death of a dearly-loved daughter, which had unexpectedly occurred abroad during the previous week. When the body was first viewed-probably about twelve hours after the poison had been swallowed,-it was found lying in a prone position, inclining towards the left side, with the arms folded and the legs close together and straight. There was extensive and well-marked cadaveric lividity, and the rigor mortis was fully established. On the dressing-table in his room were two small and octagonshaped bottles, marked "Neuraline," the corks of which had been pushed in, and their fluid contents had apparently been emptied into a tumbler which was found on a chair near the bedside. This tumbler, which smelt strongly of neuraline, had been drained of its contents as soon, pro. bably, as the deceased had undressed and gone to bed. There was a slight smell of neuraline perceptible near the mouth of the deceased, and from a letter, which was found beside the two empty neuraline bottles, it was evident that he had intended to commit suicide. As no post-mortem examination was allowed by the coroner (Dr. Hardwicke), there was no opportunity of ascertaining the effects of aconite in a concentrated form on the internal organs ; nor of verifying previous observations respecting the state of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum in cases of death from this poison. The jury, after some remarks on the absence of a post-mortem examination, returned a verdict of "Death from Suicidal Poisoning by Neuraline whilst in a state of unsound mind." Neuraline, according to Dr. Harley, is a preparation of tincture of aconite, mixed with chloroform and rose-water; and the death of the Hon. G. R. Vernon, in 1871" was ascribed to the too frequent use of this preparation ex-
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)30559-2 fatcat:yrduxnobrrfzhcfx2ofa2uks2e