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A Boolean Model of the Formation of Tumour Associated Macrophages in an in-vitro Model of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia [article]

Malvina Marku, Flavien Raynal, Nina Verstraete, Marcin Domagala, Miguel Madrid-Mencia, Mary Poupot, Jean-Jacques Fournié, Loïc Ysebaert, Vera Pancaldi
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The tumour microenvironment is the collection of cells in and surrounding cancer cells in a tumour including a variety of immune cells, especially neutrophils and monocyte-derived macrophages. In a tumour setting, macrophages encompass a spectrum between a tumour-suppressive (M1) or tumour-promoting (M2) state. The biology of macrophages found in tumours (Tumour Associated Macrophages) remains unclear, but understanding their impact on tumour progression is highly important. In this paper, we
more » ... In this paper, we perform a comprehensive analysis of a macrophage polarization network, following two lines of enquiry: (i) we reconstruct the macrophage polarization network based on literature, extending it to include important stimuli in a tumour setting, and (ii) we build a dynamical model able to reproduce macrophage polarization in the presence of different stimuli, including the contact with cancer cells. Our simulations recapitulate the documented macrophage phenotypes and their dependencies on specific receptors and transcription factors, while also elucidating the formation of a special type of tumour associated macrophages in an in-vitro model of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia. This model constitutes the first step towards elucidating the cross-talk between immune and cancer cells inside tumours, with the ultimate goal of identifying new therapeutic targets that could control the formation of tumour associated macrophages in patients.
doi:10.1101/2020.10.14.337642 fatcat:sfmadldjkvefrjyb7mdygfm62a