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Modeling Rainfall Runoff Relations at Arid Catchments Using Conceptual Hydrological Modeling Approach

Abdulnoor A.J. Ghanim
2020 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Objective: To develop a simple deterministic lumped conceptual rainfall-runoff model. Methods/statistical analysis: This study developed a model based on the water balance, in which the model tracks precipitation, simulated soil water content, surface runoff, evapotranspiration, percolation, and return streamflow. The major input requirements for this model are hourly rainfall, hourly potential evaporation and the average daily streamflow record. The model is calibrated and tested using the
more » ... ested using the available data collected from only one semi-arid ephemeral catchment located in the central part of Jordan. The model was optimized using Shuffle Complex Evolution (SCE.UA) optimization method. The performance of the model was evaluated using the goodness of fit measures. Findings: The simulation results obtained show that the proposed model has a good match between observed and simulated streamflow for both optimization and validation stages. Application/improvements: The good simulation results obtained indicate that the model will be useful in design of hydraulic structures and for effective management of water resources at arid and semi-arid catchments. In order to strengthen the validation and applicability of the proposed model, empirical research needs to be conducted. Further research is required to assess the predictive uncertainty associated with model parameters and other inputs. Article Citation: Abdulnoor A.J. Ghanim. Modeling rainfall runoff relations at arid catchments using conceptual hydrological modeling approach. Generally simulation results show a good agreement between observed and simulated hydrographs. This is clearly shown in subsequent figures, which are drawn to illustrate the calibration and validation processes. Nash efficiency criterions R 2 are provided with all figures to provide an indication on performance of the simulation process. Figure 3 illustrates clearly the continuous observed and optimized hydrographs for a selected four storms of Wala catchment. FIGURE 2. Location map of the test catchment. FIGURE 3. Observed and optimized hydrographs for a selected four storms of Wadi Wala catchment.
doi:10.17485/ijst/2020/v13i03/121966 fatcat:umfoat3m5zh5ll3uylmnqwxl3a