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Map LineUps: Effects of spatial structure on graphical inference

Roger Beecham, Jason Dykes, Wouter Meulemans, Aidan Slingsby, Cagatay Turkay, Jo Wood
2017 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
Importantly, they provide an empirical basis for an improved construction of visual line-ups for maps and the development of theory to inform geospatial tests of graphical inference.  ...  We have argued that, when applied to graphical inference, JND has obvious links to statistical power.  ...  We reflect on this and outline an immediate research agenda and theory to inform geospatial tests of graphical inference.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2016.2598862 pmid:27875155 fatcat:5nkv27jw3zh5bpxsrs7aweouoe

LineUp: Visual Analysis of Multi-Attribute Rankings

Samuel Gratzl, Alexander Lex, Nils Gehlenborg, Hanspeter Pfister, Marc Streit
2013 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
LineUp: visual analysis of multi-attribute rankings. Fig. 1.  ...  Based on these considerations, we propose LineUp -a novel and scalable visualization technique that uses bar charts.  ...  It is therefore more effective to communicate trends and relationships by encoding the values in a graphical representation using visual variables such as position, length, and color, etc.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2013.173 pmid:24051794 pmcid:PMC4198697 fatcat:tgxwi2d6srehfncgvoe44e5jsq

Bringing Visual Inference to the Classroom [article]

Adam Loy
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recent developments in statistical graphics have created an opportunity to bring additional visualizations into the classroom to hone student understanding.  ...  In the classroom, we traditionally visualize inferential concepts using static graphics or interactive apps. For example, there is a long history of using apps to visualize sampling distributions.  ...  Lineups provide a natural way to introduce new statistical graphics throughout the statistics curriculum.  ... 
arXiv:2006.11345v1 fatcat:xj4bdkml2jfkviqrvzwtsqs4he

Measuring Lineup Difficulty By Matching Distance Metrics With Subject Choices in Crowd-Sourced Data

Niladri Roy Chowdhury, Dianne Cook, Heike Hofmann, Mahbubul Majumder
2017 Figshare  
Graphics play a crucial role in statistical analysis and data mining.  ...  The lineup protocol provides a formal framework for data plots, making inference possible.  ...  It is based on the raw data but does not take into account the graphical elements in the plot.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.5221270 fatcat:jhbnfl2pgbaf7pmalm2pedxhsa

Variations of Q-Q Plots -- The Power of our Eyes! [article]

Adam Loy, Lendie Follett, Heike Hofmann
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we explore the use of the lineup protocol to inject rigor to graphical distributional assessment and compare its power to that of formal distributional tests.  ...  We find that lineups of standard Q-Q plots are more powerful than lineups of de-trended Q-Q plots and that lineup tests are more powerful than traditional tests of normality.  ...  In this paper we explore the use of the lineup protocol (Buja et al., 2009) to inject rigor to graphical distributional assessment and compare its power to that of formal distributional tests.  ... 
arXiv:1503.02098v1 fatcat:uq5v46ttdba2rie2wkbbetnvke

Graphical Tests for Power Comparison of Competing Designs

Heike Hofmann, Lendie Follett, Mahbubul Majumder, Dianne Cook
2012 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
In this paper we introduce lineups as a tool for evaluating the power of competing graphical designs.  ...  Lineups [4, 28] have been established as tools for visual testing similar to standard statistical inference tests, allowing us to evaluate the validity of graphical findings in an objective manner.  ...  Those exploratory graphics are unlikely to communicate the discovered information to your audience efficiently, or elegantly.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2012.230 pmid:26357152 fatcat:5i3scbzz7rgjncsfeij23owm7m

Utilizing Distance Metrics on Lineups to Examine What People Read From Data Plots [article]

Niladri Roy Chowdhury, Dianne Cook, Heike Hofmann, Mahbubul Majumder, Yifan Zhao
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Graphics play a crucial role in statistical analysis and data mining. This paper describes metrics developed to assist the use of lineups for making inferential statements.  ...  Metrics are calculated in association with lineups, to measure the quality of the lineup, and help to understand what people see in the data plots.  ...  The distance metric should account for the additional information provided by the graphical elements in the lineup.  ... 
arXiv:1408.1889v1 fatcat:scsez3ey4zb4jkipwmwn5unxua

Photo-based authentication using social networks

Sarita Yardi, Nick Feamster, Amy Bruckman
2008 Proceedings of the first workshop on Online social networks - WOSP '08  
We present Lineup, a system that uses the social network graph in Facebook and auxiliary information (e.g., "tagged" user photos) to build a photo-based Web site authentication framework.  ...  Lineup works by presenting a user with photographs and asking the user to identify subjects in the photo whom a user with the appropriate identity or group membership should know.  ...  CAPTCHAs present automatically generated graphical images to a user that contains some text and asks the user to identify the sequence of characters that is presented in the graphic.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1397735.1397748 dblp:conf/wosn/YardiFB08 fatcat:6xzcgwvzajbhldou6y4aeurgsy

Page 331 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 37, Issue 2 [page]

2005 Behavior Research Methods  
For example, lineup construction can take place entirely on the computer, in¬ formation gathering can be standardized, administrator influence can be eliminated, and responses and demo¬ graphics can be  ...  The photographs used in computerized lineups are then recorded in output files, and these records can be permanently stored in backup files.  ... 

Model Choice and Diagnostics for Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using Statistics on Street Corners [article]

Adam Loy, Heike Hofmann, Dianne Cook
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Additional lineups that were omitted for brevity are also included. (PDF) study.csv Anonymized results from the Amazon Turk study. (CSV) analysis.r R script reproducing the results. (R)  ...  Discussion We have presented a graphical approach to model selection and diagnosis using lineups constructed by simulation from the model.  ...  A further benefit of using the graphical framework for testing is that graphics adapt relatively well to big data situations .  ... 
arXiv:1502.06988v3 fatcat:vqd5neqzafh5hdbjtbzldiv6ai

Visual Mining Methods for RNA-Seq Data: Data Structure, Dispersion Estimation and Significance Testing

Tengfei Yin Mahbubul Majumder
2013 Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics  
To explore the model fitting and hypothesis testing, we implemented an interactive graphic that allows the exploration of the effect of dispersion estimation on the overall estimation of variance and differential  ...  The interactive graphics are programmed in R is using package cranvas [15] , which is back-ended by packages qtpaint [16] and qtbase [17] , handling the graphical elements using Qt libraries.  ...  The simulated data is used as a filter; responses from subjects who correctly pick the most structured plot in this lineup are kept for the two real lineups.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2153-0602.1000139 fatcat:wigyxmzdcrfx7ak4mcykpyrs5a

Page 4583 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 85, Issue 10 [page]

1998 Psychological Abstracts  
In cul- prit-present lineups 25% chose him along with foils, while 5% did so in culprit-absent lineups.  ...  In 61 culprit-present lineups 43% chose only the suspect, while in 93 culprit-absent lineups no-one did.  ... 

A position of influence: Variation in offender identification rates by location in a lineup

Michael O'connell, John Synnott
2009 Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling  
Researchers have identified several threats to the validity of the use of the lineup as a test of true recognition. One concern is related to the structure of the simultaneous lineup.  ...  In 84 subsequent live lineups, the offender was placed with four foils.  ...  Figure 1 1 presents the difference graphically between the success rates of the four positions.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jip.102 fatcat:fxszxtlbqrds5ksgpbn2pt7gg4

Does Exposure to Facial Composites Damage Eyewitness Memory? A Comprehensive Review

Siegfried L. Sporer, Colin G. Tredoux, Annelies Vredeveldt, Kate Kempen, Alicia Nortje
2020 Applied Cognitive Psychology  
Studies that exposed witnesses to "good" composites reported positive or no effects on lineup performance, and some highly powered studies also showed no effect.  ...  Mix-up = Innocent suspect ID of a lineup member who was placed in the lineup due to his/her resemblance to the (misleading) composite.Percentages were measured with a graphic program from scanned images  ...  Although we had planned to conduct a formal meta-analysis, too many of these studies did not report sufficient data (e.g., exact percentages, ns per cell), or only reported graphic representations of results  ... 
doi:10.1002/acp.3705 fatcat:srpuqlokcbhplhh6snrswz4jzy

Multi-agent Event Detection: Localization and Role Assignment

Suha Kwak, Bohyung Han, Joon Hee Han
2013 2013 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  
Video events have been detected by stochastic grammars [8, 14] or graphical models including hidden Markov models (HMMs) [2] , variants of the basic HMM [5] and dynamic Bayesian networks of given  ...  However, they have limitations in describing events; grammarbased approaches cannot cover concurrent streams of primitives, and graphical models represent scenarios only by temporal orders between primitives  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2013.346 dblp:conf/cvpr/KwakHH13 fatcat:2jokwlk24ngixat3hpkg2o7lbm
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