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egg: Fast and Extensible Equality Saturation [article]

Max Willsey, Chandrakana Nandi, Yisu Remy Wang, Oliver Flatt, Zachary Tatlock, Pavel Panchekha
2020 arXiv   pre-print
An e-graph efficiently represents a congruence relation over many expressions.  ...  This work contributes two techniques that make e-graphs fast and extensible, specializing them to equality saturation.  ...  1813166 and 1749570.  ... 
arXiv:2004.03082v3 fatcat:jqqec6vamnaejcl2fqw3tq2nyy

EGGS: Eigen-Gap Guided Search Making Subspace Clustering Easy [article]

Jicong Fan, Yiheng Tu, Zhao Zhang, Mingbo Zhao
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Extensive experiments of natural image clustering show that our method is more stable, accurate, and efficient than baseline methods.  ...  The search space is very easy to determine and can be arbitrarily large, though a relatively compact search space can reduce the highly unnecessary computation.  ...  The corresponding graph is denoted by G = (V, E), where V = {v 1 , . . . , v n } is the vertex set and E = {e 1 , . . . , e l } is the edge set.  ... 
arXiv:2107.12183v2 fatcat:2672lmleojhlxiclgcnpwyclte

Sampling the Egg Population [chapter]

M. W. Service
1993 Mosquito Ecology  
Many years ago Dyar & Knab (1916) collected egg masses of Mansonioides from Pistia plants, and Wanson (1944) reported that it was comparatively easy to collect eggs of Mansonioides from their natural  ...  An approximate estimate of the size of the egg population is given by the intercept on the absisca of a straight line fitted to the points on the graph.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-1868-2_1 fatcat:pwklwn275ndfdhqv6jz7jtitt4

Sampling the Egg Population [chapter]

M. W. Service
1993 Mosquito Ecology  
,,-f 2 S~ale(m) (a) E u o ~ c b se (b) E u o gc ~ E u l{) ~ 1.85cm FIG. 1.5.  ...  Many years ago Dyar & Knab (1916) collected egg masses of Mansonioides from Pistia plants, and Wanson (1944) reported that it was comparatively easy to collect eggs of Mansonioides from their natural habitats  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-015-8113-4_1 fatcat:igfxonjddvcclh4rpryok3av7a

A dynamic study of genotype-environment interaction with egg laying of Tribolium castaneum

Fernando Orozco
1976 Heredity  
Within-line family selection was carried out at an optimum (33°C) and two stress temperatures (28°C and 38°C) for increasing egg number laid by virgin females of Tribolium castaneum from the 7th to the  ...  Two replicated lines were selected at each temperature and all selected lines were tested in each of the three environments.  ...  E. Bell, G. A. Clayton and W. G. Hill for their valuable suggestions and to Dr C. López-Fanjul for his many helpful Criticisms in preparing the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1038/hdy.1976.79 pmid:1068109 fatcat:uqvgb3b5gbevfbbq6gbsffxuoy

Quantification of egg yolk contamination in egg white using UV/Vis spectroscopy: Prediction model development and analysis

Linxing Yao, Wen Zhou, Tong Wang, Muhua Liu, Chenxu Yu
2014 Food Control  
The optical absorbance of the "contaminated" egg white samples positively correlated with the yolk concentration, and its intensity was affected by the freshness of eggs, egg variety, and measuring temperature  ...  Egg white samples containing 0e0.5% (w/w) of yolk were prepared by adding yolk to the white and further diluting with the pure egg white.  ...  Egg yolk, being an excellent emulsifier, is also used extensively in the food industry, such as mayonnaise, salad dressing, and sauces.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.02.037 fatcat:7h3yg4hmubhrffdweoaxg2vcdm

Egg Incubation Mechanics of Giant Birds

An Yen, Hsiao-Jou Wu, Pin-Yi Chen, Hon-Tsen Yu, Jia-Yang Juang
2021 Biology  
Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to conduct mechanical analyses on eggshells of giant birds, and relate this to the evolution and reproductive behavior of avian species.  ...  We use a dimensionless number C to quantify relative shell stiffness with respect to the egg size, allowing for comparison across wide body masses.  ...  sample collections, and Trevor Worthy and two other anonymous reviewers for offering their comments and suggestions, which greatly improve the scientific quality of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biology10080738 fatcat:hmfvptt7tnholaareghb7y7q3e

Egg Size Evolution and Energetic Constraints on Population Dynamics

Paul Schliekelman, Stephen P. Ellner
2001 Theoretical Population Biology  
The model predicts egg energy in Daphnia magna well, and suggests that the observed egg energy in D. magna is the result of selection for minimal egg investment constrained by minimum viable egg energy  ...  However, the minimum viable egg size combined with low efficiency of conversion of energy to new biomass is sufficient to keep population dynamics out of chaos. ]  ...  Mellon Foundation to S.P.E. and Nelson G. Hairston Jr., and by a fellowship from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Foundation at North Carolina State University to P.S.  ... 
doi:10.1006/tpbi.2001.1524 pmid:11703099 fatcat:73grt3sai5d4zni3wqrr3s4xu4

Impact of Adding Polysaccharides on the Stability of Egg Yolk/Fish Oil Emulsions under Accelerated Shelf-Life Conditions

Selene Yadira Gonzalez Toledo, Jianping Wu
2021 Molecules  
The emulsions were produced using simple or high-pressure homogenization, stored for up to 10 days at 45 °C, and characterized for their particle size and distribution, viscosity, encapsulation efficiency  ...  The results showed that gum guar can increase the particle stability of egg yolk/fish oil emulsions and decrease the oxidation rate of omega-3 fatty acids.  ...  Influence of Treatment on the EPA + DHA Encapsulation Efficiency of Egg Yolk Influence of Treatment on the EPA + DHA Encapsulation Efficiency of Egg Yolk Differences in the efficiencies between the two  ... 
doi:10.3390/molecules26134020 pmid:34209325 fatcat:zhj43alcfrdfhiihfj2l3f7j7q

Higher Moment Estimation for Elliptically-distributed Data: Is it Necessary to Use a Sledgehammer to Crack an Egg? [article]

Zheng Tracy Ke, Koushiki Bose, Jianqing Fan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The performance of our methods is validated by extensive simulations and an application to financial returns.  ...  Do we really need a sledgehammer to crack an egg? Fortunately, we discover that moment parameters can be efficiently estimated without estimating the precision matrix in high-dimension.  ...  BAE takes advantage of correlations among coordinates and improves MAE on the second-order efficiency. Our proposed estimators are conceptually simple and easy to implement.  ... 
arXiv:1812.05697v1 fatcat:fgi7cinecfhaligdjwjm345nuy

Cip29 is phosphorylated following activation of the DNA damage response in Xenopus egg extracts

Janet Holden, Elaine M. Taylor, Howard D. Lindsay, Sue Cotterill
2017 PLoS ONE  
Finally, we have determined that Cip29 is not required for efficient DNA end-joining in egg extracts.  ...  In this study, we have used a Xenopus laevis egg extract system to analyse the DNA damagedependent phosphorylation of a putative RNA export factor, Cip29.  ...  (E) Western blot of immunodepleted extracts from (D) indicating depletion efficiency for Chk1 and Chk2. Molecular weight markers (kDa) are indicated on the right.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0181131 pmid:28715428 pmcid:PMC5513483 fatcat:2t3gkingjrathc533fn5nx5gzu

How do mosquito eggs self-assemble on the water surface?

J. C. Loudet, B. Pouligny
2011 The European Physical Journal E : Soft matter  
Such arrows are actually seen in experiments with micron-sized ellipsoids and similarly with millimeter-sized mosquito eggs. These results complement our previous work (J.C. Loudet, B.  ...  We then focus on two contacting ellipsoids and study the optimum packing configuration depending on their size and/or aspect ratio mismatch.  ...  Thus, in the case of a mosquito egg, E s is at least three orders of magnitude larger than E g .  ... 
doi:10.1140/epje/i2011-11076-9 pmid:21814885 fatcat:fy5kexlydjdqzixrhxbz6k5exa

Oscillatory regimes in a mosquito population model with larval feedback on egg hatching [article]

Martin Strugarek, Nicolas Vauchelet, Benoît Perthame (LJLL, MAMBA), Daniel Villela
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a simple mathematical model of egg hatching enhancement by larvae which produces such oscillations that conveys a possible explanation.  ...  We propose both a theoretical analysis, based on slow-fast dynamics and Hopf bifurcation, and numerical investigations in order to shed some light on the mechanisms at work in this model.  ...  Scientists are hard at work to find new and efficient ways to mitigate the impact of, or even eradicate these arboviral infections, and especially target vector control.  ... 
arXiv:1801.03701v1 fatcat:4sb6fhdq7vbptbl66nxodlevnq

The Growth, General Chemistry, and Temperature Relations of Salmonid Eggs

Frederick Ronald Hayes
1949 The Quarterly review of biology  
(A precocious extension THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY of the process is a well known “disease” in hatch- eries, leading to premature bursting and invariable death of eggs.)  ...  CroweL1, and H. Pavut. 1936. The calcium and phosphorus content of the body of the brook trout in relation to age, growth and food. J. biol. Chem., 114: 259-263. MacpowE Lt, E. C., E. ALLEN, and G.  ... 
doi:10.1086/397213 pmid:15402081 fatcat:ipwdcsgt3rdafewjyh6l2o4mq4

Ingestion, faecal pellet and egg production rates of Calanus helgolandicus feeding coccolithophorid versus non-coccolithophorid diets

I Huskin, R Anadón, F Álvarez-Marqués, R.P Harris
2000 Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology  
The late seasonal timing of the experiments (November) could explain the low ingestion and egg production rates.  ...  From the five species offered, only the largest non coccolithophorid Prorocentrum micans and Thalassiosira weissflogii supported efficient feeding and calculated respiratory demand for C. helgolandicus  ...  Pond and D. Lesly for their help in the design and performance of the experiments. We also thank R.Ǵ onzalez-Quiros for his useful comments in the final redaction of the article. [RW]  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0022-0981(00)00167-2 pmid:10771305 fatcat:gzjkbdvju5duhgxirzv6cpm3dq
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