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ePiC: Employing Proverbs in Context as a Benchmark for Abstract Language Understanding [article]

Sayan Ghosh, Shashank Srivastava
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we introduce a high-quality crowdsourced dataset of narratives for employing proverbs in context as a benchmark for abstract language understanding.  ...  While large language models have shown exciting progress on several NLP benchmarks, evaluating their ability for complex analogical reasoning remains under-explored.  ...  In this work, we investigate proverbs in narrative contexts as a testbed for evaluating abstract reasoning and analogical abilities of LLMs.  ... 
arXiv:2109.06838v3 fatcat:unvcwekclzbhrfmnjr7dj535tm

The Plow that Broke the Plain Epic Tradition: HesiodWorks and Days, vv. 414–503

E. F. Beall
2004 Classical Antiquity  
Yet, the vision is epic in nature as well as broad-based, as a result of the sheer weight of the conventions it employs.  ...  PRELIMINARIES Hesiod scholarship needs a better understanding of what it means for a poem to be composed in the language of Homer. To be sure, Fritz Krafft and G. P.  ... 
doi:10.1525/ca.2004.23.1.1 fatcat:6sx2dnw47bf3bjxqwvtakdwhva

An English Language Arts Curriculum Framework for American Public Schools: A Model For use by any state or school district without charge

Sandra Stotsky
2017 Nonpartisan Education Review  
It is based on two premises: that learning in the English language arts should be cumulative and that the reading of increasingly challenging literary and non-literary works as well as the writing of increasingly  ...  A sound reading and literature curriculum also expects students to apply their language skills to increasingly challenging material linked in ways that promote cumulative learning.  ...  See Poetry, Epic Personification A form of metaphor in which language relating to human action, motivation, and emotion is used to refer to non-human agents or objects or abstract concepts: The weather  ... 
doaj:df8ffe5e66d84b0898e96f3515a00362 fatcat:xdbydidefbg37ksav6qb7cwutq

To fulfill the civil responsibility of the contractor in Iran's law system

Shahram Karimi
2013 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
To fulfill civil contractor's responsibility need the conditions, some of these conditions, as general conditions in all types of civil liability are presented such as losses, and the relationship of committing  ...  In this case the civil responsibility of the contractor will fulfill, therefore, in this paper, together with the general and specific terms civil contractor liability, is presented.  ...  In the second proverb, a man is warned about marrying ugly woman for, according to the proverb, the only criterion a woman is chosen by, as a wife, lays in her beauty.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0837-1710106 fatcat:s3r5lii5fzbb3jzsalixlhwxam

A rhetorical approach to translation

Duoxiu Qian, David Kaufer
2017 Translation Spaces  
Texts in these sensitive domains of the Chinese context call for exacting fidelity in tone, register, genre, stance, connotation, and, overall, rhetoric.  ...  In this paper, we think of a "rhetoric" of translation holistically as capturing the "inside contours" of words and phrases as understood by a native speaker.  ...  , an affair, a business", as an abstract noun.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ts.6.2.05qia fatcat:xnltnnnkfjcflbtvsaandords4

Hyper-Image Network? An Investigation Into The Role Of Text And Image In The Design Of Hypertext Networks With Specific Consideration Of The World Wide Web

Vogelsang, Axel (Autor/in)
2007 Zenodo  
A new understanding of the role of the designer in the context of digital writing will be proposed because, as it will be demonstrated, notions of [...]  ...  indicators for a paradigm shift towards a dominancy of the image for the purpose of information exchange.  ...  A new understanding of the role of the designer in 25 the context of digital writing will be proposed because, as it will be demonstrated, notions of graphic design as a catalyst for the decline of the  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.44490 fatcat:osyyga7shrecneu2qfd2exdgly

1. General

2012 Journal for the Study of the Old Testament  
Fox, “Terms for Wisdom in the Book of Proverbs’; Tova Forti, “Sweet as Honey: From Realia to Metaphor’; Edward L.  ...  the Old Testament 36.5 (2012) The Writings, which G. understands to be in part a reaction to the inroads of Greek philosophy, are represented by a paper on Proverbs, two on Job, dealing respectively with  ... 
doi:10.1177/0309089212441544 fatcat:kqgrk2avsrcepfsgsgfwbkalcu

Enriching the University ELT Curriculum with Insights from ELF

Franca Poppi
2016 LCM - La Collana / The Series  
Le riproduzioni effettuate per finalità di carattere professionale, economico o commerciale o comunque per uso diverso da quello personale possono essere effettuate a seguito di specifica autorizzazione  ...  Translation Studies) -Hugo de Burgh (Chinese Media Studies) Kristen Brustad (Arabic Linguistics) -Daniel Coste (French Language) Luciano Curreli (Italian Literature) -Denis Ferraris (Italian Literature  ...  The BEI-IBI Project gual Education in Primary School: Aspects of Immersion, CLIL and Bilingual Modules, edited by Daniela Elsner and Jörg-Ulrich Kessler, 1-6. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.  ... 
doi:10.7359/791-2016-popp fatcat:trj3vywsmvc65djpe5dr5tzhga

A Probabilistic Approach in Historical Linguistics Word Order Change in Infinitival Clauses: from Latin to Old French [article]

Olga Scrivner
2020 arXiv   pre-print
I also show that in discourse-configurational languages, such as Latin and Early Old French, it is possible to identify pragmatically neutral contexts by using information structure annotation.  ...  By applying a variationist approach, I examine a synchronic word order variation in each stage of language change, from which I infer the character, periodization and constraints of diachronic variation  ...  For example, in (33f) the nominal object parole 'proverb' is a marked theme or topicalized object of the sentence.  ... 
arXiv:2011.08262v1 fatcat:ror5javry5fjvmqxjgvbfiuxf4

La Sustitución De -Ø Por -D Y -Θ En El Habla De Oviedo

Álvaro Arias, Cristina Bleorţu, M.ª Jesús López Bobo, Miguel Cuevas Alonso
2012 Zenodo  
Language and Literature. European Landmarks of Identity 11 (2012): 347-357. ISSN: 1843-1577. http://personales.uniovi.es/web/ariasal/  ...  Thus, the ability to employ idioms in the right contexts requires excellent command of both the source language and the target language because as Dryden argues "a man should be a nice critic in his mother-tongue  ...  Setting Benchmarks for Using Role Play -Some Proposals In this section of the study several proposals are presented of the manner role plays should be designed and used in a foreign language course; in  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.13058 fatcat:cgd6lkrf6zcahibd4yxnc54t6q

Global Citizenship Education [chapter]

2020 Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals  
Only when a nation-state is unified around a set of democratic values such as human rights, justice, and equality can it secure the liberties of cultural, ethnic, language, and religious groups and enable  ...  Citizens who understand this unity-diversity tension and act accordingly do not materialize from thin air; they are educated for it (Banks et al. 2005, p. 7).  ...  Thus, we believe that GCE is not a completely abstract concept for the context of Francophone West Africa.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-95870-5_300110 fatcat:2ayaqoxbcve4jfhmpfz27bnwxi

Open learning in the African context: challenges and possibilities for self-directed learning [article]

M. Letseka
2021 Zenodo  
This chapter looks into ways in which self-reliance and self-directness might be facilitated in an African open learning context.  ...  The chapter argues that SDL and ODL are pertinent modes of delivering teaching and learning in times of global crises such as the current COVID-19  ...  Methodology The main methodology adopted for this study was a desktop literature review looking at research on science education and science teacher education in the African context.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5647852 fatcat:vicfudh4bfbkfdp7ndzsw7cofm

Voice in retranslation: An overview and some trends

2015 Target  
Acknowledgements Acknowledgements The first time I saw Hamlet in the theatre (Dirk Tanghe, 1991), I was seventeen years old.  ...  If a proverb has no literal equivalent in the other language and is translated word for word, it is as hard to grasp for the audience as a metaphor.  ...  abstractions.  ... 
doi:10.1075/target.27.1.00int fatcat:2qz2epf6evgv7pderw75hcj5yq

Socialist Studies - Winter 2016 - Complete Issue

Sean Cain
2016 Socialist Studies/Études Socialistes  
Language is as old as consciousness, language is practical consciousness that exists also for other men, and for that reason alone it really exists for me personally as well; language, like consciousness  ...  I bring these proverbs forward as teachings and as warnings for those involved in decolonizing work.  ...  In other words, "partnership" language was a thin disguise for quiescent participation by the poor in the implementation of neoliberal programmes at their own expense (353).  ... 
doi:10.18740/s4q60f fatcat:mo6twxojfraqbcuopqt6lyoxjy

Writing in the Business Professions

Bertie E. Fearing, Myra Kogen
1990 College composition and communication  
Unavoidably, as the field of business communication becomes more important, it will inevitably become more traditionally academic in its interests and accomplishments (if for no other reason than that  ...  Faculty, meeting across disciplinary lines for the first time, have been known to experience each other's work as alien xii in line with the kind of intellectual examination characteristic of modern academic  ...  language one employs in handling a job on a daily basis.  ... 
doi:10.2307/357892 fatcat:nh4q24k3dfhobe4gvjzs73ruzm
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