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ePassport: Securing International Contacts with Contactless Chips [chapter]

Gildas Avoine, Kassem Kalach, Jean-Jacques Quisquater
Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Electronic passports (ePassports) have known a wide and fast deployment all around the world since the International Civil Aviation Organization published their specifications in 2004.  ...  Based on an integrated circuit, ePassports are significantly more secure than their predecessors. Forging an ePassport is definitely thwarted by the use of cryptographic means.  ...  Among them, Danny De Cock and Elke Demulder for fruitful discussions about Belgian ePassport, and Serge Vaudenay and Martin Vuagnoux for providing us helpful information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85230-8_11 fatcat:eqia2cwytbeqrdzgdkznlfn54y

User–Centric Identity Using ePassports [chapter]

Martijn Oostdijk, Dirk-Jan van Dijk, Maarten Wegdam
2009 Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering  
The ePassport provides citizens with a strong authentication token within a global Public Key Infrastructure backed by government administrations.  ...  This paper studies the possibilities for leveraging the ePassport for usercentric identity and reports on an experiment in which ePassports are combined with the user-centric identity management framework  ...  The embedded chip communicates in a contactless manner based on standardized communication protocols, ensuring that the chip can be contacted when it is in the proximity of an inspection system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-05284-2_17 fatcat:smenkgm4kvdvtb4mv233iouusm

An analysis of security and privacy issues relating to RFID enabled ePassports [chapter]

Eleni Kosta, Martin Meints, Marit Hansen, Mark Gasson
2007 IFIP International Federation for Information Processing  
In this paper we take an interdisciplinary approach to the key security and privacy issues arising from the use of ePassports.  ...  The European Union sees the introduction of the ePassport as a step towards rendering passports more secure against forgery while facilitating more reliable border controls.  ...  In order to comply with the standard, new ePassports must have a microprocessor (chip) embedded in the paper passport as well as a contactless mechanism for data transmission.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-72367-9_42 fatcat:cwsrsfrb5be2rknmlb44vz7ub4

Implementation of security and privacy in ePassports and the extended access control infrastructure

Antonia Rana, Luigi Sportiello
2014 International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection  
Obviously, the security of ePassports and the ePassport processing infrastructure are vital issues.  ...  based secure channel between two endpoints (called single points of contact (SPOCs)), which is required to exchange EAC-PKI certificates between two countries.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2014.10.001 fatcat:z6itcsks5zgd5f6vmehyehuonq

A Survey of System Security in Contactless Electronic Passports [article]

Anshuman Sinha
2010 arXiv   pre-print
The electronic passport, supporting authentication using secure credentials on a tamper-resistant chip, is an attempt to improve on the security of the paper-based passport at minimum cost.  ...  This paper surveys the security mechanisms built into the firstgeneration of authentication mechanisms and compares them with second-generation passports.  ...  PAC may be secure for contact only communication; however, contactless communication introduces risks and mere signature verification is inadequate security.  ... 
arXiv:1011.2946v1 fatcat:a632gnz5ejbmxapgnwkcmcp6x4

Insights on identity documents based on the Belgian case study

Danny De Cock, Koen Simoens, Bart Preneel
2008 Information Security Technical Report  
We discuss ePassports and eID cards in general using the Belgian identity documents as a reference.  ...  We discuss the use of identity documents and the problem of linking these documents with their genuine holder.  ...  The Belgian ePassport was introduced in 2004 and comes in the form of a booklet with an embedded radio-frequency identification (RFID) chip that allows contactless identification of its holder.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.istr.2008.06.004 fatcat:anemf275kzc7tjrd2m4rovg2yu

E-PASSPORT SCHEME USING AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOLS ALONG WITH FACE, FINGERPRINT, PALMPRINT AND IRIS BIOMETRICS

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2020 Zenodo  
Researcher analyzed its main cryptographic features; the face fingerprint, palmprint and iris biometrics currently used with e-passports and considered the surrounding procedures.  ...  Electronic passports have known a wide and fast deployment all around the world since the International Civil Aviation Organization the world has adopted standards whereby passports can store biometric  ...  Contact-based chips simply lack the robustness of contactless technology.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4047256 fatcat:l4aukud5xneapp2pbnt2lsrk5q

Biometric Passport Validation Scheme using Radio Frequency Identification

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2013 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security  
This RIFD chip is integrated into the cover of a passport, called a biometric passport.  ...  The electronic passport is the privacy and security risks that arise by embedding RFID technology.  ...  Also, because contact chip technology requires exposed areas that require precise contact points with a reader, it was postulated that a contact chip document would not be able to function for the entire  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijcnis.2013.05.04 fatcat:tf5vgdjiuvdknfhvmcrc2ts3la

Security Mechanisms and Access Control Infrastructure for Biometrics Passport using Cryptographic Protocols

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2013 International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications  
The epassport, as it is sometimes called, represents a bold initiative in the deployment of two new technologies: cryptography security and biometrics (face, fingerprints, palm prints and iris).  ...  The paper explores the privacy and security implications of this impending worldwide experiment in biometrics authentication technology.  ...  Contact-based chips simply lack the robustness of contactless technology.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijisa.2013.10.10 fatcat:u37zcza5knh2zgxs6643lzpnh4

Design and Development of Biometrics Secure Person Detection System for E-Passport using Cryptographic Security Protocols

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2013 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security  
The electronic passport is the privacy and security risks that arise by embedding with biometric technology.  ...  This IC chip is integrated into the cover of a passport, called a biometric passport.  ...  Also, because contact chip technology requires exposed areas that require precise contact points with a reader, it was postulated that a contact chip document would not be able to function for the entire  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijcnis.2013.12.10 fatcat:k3njk7e5c5bnnopbu22iacuzji

Evolution of Electronic Passport Scheme using Cryptographic Protocol along with Biometrics Authentication System

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2012 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security  
The epassport is equipped with contactless chip which stores personal data of the passport holder, information about the passport and the issuing institution, as well as with a multiple biometrics enabling  ...  The paper explores the privacy and security implications of this impending worldwide experiment in biometrics authentication technology.  ...  They expressed concerns that, the contact-less chip embedded in an e-passport allows the e-passport contents to be read without direct contact with an IS and, more importantly, with the epassport booklet  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijcnis.2012.02.08 fatcat:euefse4ckzdnhg4c3ddiu3xnwu

Next Generation Electronic Passport Scheme using Cryptographic Authentication Protocols and Multiple Biometrics Technology

V.K. Narendira Kumar, B. Srinivasan
2013 International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business  
The epassport, as it is somet imes called, represents a bold initiat ive in the deployment of two new technologies: cryptography security and biometrics (face, fingerprints, palm prints and iris).  ...  The goal of the adoption of the electronic passport is not only to expedite processing at border crossings, but also to increase security.  ...  Contact-based chips simp ly lack the robustness of contactless technology.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijieeb.2013.02.06 fatcat:wtvyi2fcuvbw5m2hglmzwlg4nu

Article 13 Entry and Clearance Regulations [chapter]

Ruwantissa Abeyratne
2013 Convention on International Civil Aviation  
Foremost among these discussions was the ePassport, which is defined by ICAO as a passport which has a contactless integrated circuit (IC) chip within which is stored data from the machine readable passport  ...  Member States incorporating biometric data in their Machine Readable Passports are to store the data in a contactless integrated circuit chip complying with ISO/IEC 14443 and programmed according to the  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-00068-8_14 fatcat:nnmsax4kjngohpubrtvn3gxofu

Efficient Implementation of Electronic Passport Scheme Using Cryptographic Security Along With Multiple Biometrics

V.K. NARENDIRA KUMAR, B. SRINIVASAN, P. NARENDRAN
2012 International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business  
The paper analyses the face, fingerprint, palm print and iris biometric epassport design.  ...  The paper also provides a cryptographic security analysis of the e-passport using face fingerprint, palm print and iris biometric that are intended to provide improved security in protecting biometric  ...  Contact-based chips simply lack the robustness of contactless technology.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijieeb.2012.01.03 fatcat:ldjnw53dinay5br5srp7zhnnwm

Identification of systems

И.Ф. Бойко, В.В. Турчак
2009 Electronics and Control Systems  
Contact computer chip identification systems are generally considered to be more secure than their contactless counterparts (Gupta, 2008) .  ...  Data stored on the ePassport chips include a digital photograph, which can be compared with the passport bearer using facial recognition technology.  ... 
doi:10.18372/1990-5548.19.656 fatcat:htxu6fjf6jc4blogh5a6eudmma
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