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Matching structure and bargaining outcomes in buyer–seller networks

Arnold Polanski
2015 Social Choice and Welfare  
We examine the relationship between the matching structure of a bipartite (buyer-seller) network and the (expected) shares of the unit surplus that each connected pair in this network can create.  ...  This theorem characterizes the structure of maximum matchings in an undirected graph.  ...  For simplicity, we will often refer to G as a buyer-seller network and to the nodes in the set B (S) as buyers (sellers).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00355-015-0935-y fatcat:mgmlynlxuvavxd5jrd2e2r3dce

A Search-Matching Model of the Buyer-Seller Platforms

K.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Huang
2012 CESifo Economic Studies  
Since the sellers can shift the burden of entry fee to the buyers, the platform never subsidizes the sellers.  ...  matching probability.  ...  or a seller) affects the matching probability.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cesifo/ifs032 fatcat:nnnpyz7zmve23hft2yz2pcwsou

Balanced matching of buyers and sellers in e-marketplaces

Peter Haddawy, Namthip Rujikeadkumjorn, Khaimook Dhananaiyapergse, Christine Cheng
2004 Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Electronic commerce - ICEC '04  
We show that the buyer/seller matching and trade balance problems can be decoupled, permitting efficient solution as well as numerous options for matching strategies. exchange rule of thumb that maximizing  ...  In particular, we develop algorithms that emulate the practice of trade brokers by matching buyers and sellers in such a way that trade volume is maximized while the balance of trade is maintained as much  ...  The broker matches buyers and sellers by finding a seller whose asking price is below the bid of a buyer.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1052220.1052232 dblp:conf/ACMicec/HaddawyRDC04 fatcat:z6d37qsn7rayrbmf3g7rw6qpve

Matching with Frictions and Entry with Poisson Distributed Buyers and Sellers

Peter Norman
2015 Social Science Research Network  
I consider a simple directed search model with a ...nite number of buyers and sellers. The main innovation is that buyers and sellers are randomly drawn from independent Poisson distributions.  ...  It also becomes tractable to handle entry with a ...nite number of players, which is di¢ cult with a ...xed ...nite set of sellers.  ...  make if all sellers are active and the limiting pro…t for the case when sellers match with a buyer for sure.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2555020 fatcat:ee2vy7nxg5f6laojsvkvguiqgy

Membership Function Based Matching Approach of Buyers and Sellers Through a Broker in Open E-Marketplace [chapter]

Dien Tuan Le, Minjie Zhang, Fenghui Ren
2016 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
before a broker carries out the matching process between buyers and sellers.  ...  [9] proposed two objective optimization functions to match buyers and sellers in B2B e-marketplace.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-10-2564-8_9 fatcat:g6bess27v5egjgwojri62nqv6m

SELLER-BUYER ETHNIC MATCHES: THE CASE OF CAR TRANSACTIONS AT TWO NORTH AMERICAN AUTO DEALERSHIPS

HIDEO OWAN, TSUYOSHI TSURU, KATSUHITO UEHARA
Regarding prices, we detect neither premium price setting nor discounting among seller-buyer matches of the same ethnic groups relative to those of different ethnic groups.  ...  Using personnel and transaction data obtained from two Canadian auto dealerships, we examine whether ethnic matches between salespersons and customers affect sales prices and the number of units sold by  ...  Therefore, actual seller-buyer ethnic matches are not controlled for.  ... 
doi:10.15057/25384 fatcat:h6s7xdzmdndj5gz3uemrma3nyy

Spectrum Matching

Yanjiao Chen, Linshan Jiang, Haofan Cai, Jin Zhang, Baochun Li
2016 2016 IEEE 36th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS)  
In this paper, we firstly formulate the spectrum matching problem as a many-to-one matching with peer effects, i.e., a buyer's utility is affected by other buyers who are matched to the same seller.  ...  In this paper, we take a different and new perspective, proposing to use matching as an alternative tool to realize DSA in a distributed way for a free market, which consists of only buyers and sellers  ...  A spectrum coalition consists of a seller and the buyers matched to this seller, or includes a single unmatched seller or buyer.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdcs.2016.60 dblp:conf/icdcs/ChenJCZL16 fatcat:gsyfoeu5irccnfabzgekj4hlzq

The Dynamic Broker Dominant Supply-Demand Matching Decision Using Multiagent System

Xu Zhang, Xu-mei Yuan, Fu-li Wei
2020 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
among the sellers, buyers, and broker as a stable supply chain.  ...  The matching solutions yielded from this B-SDMP analysis can help the buyers find the appropriate sellers on one commodity/service under dynamic environment and stimulate the building of long-term partnership  ...  Otherwise, the buyer returns to the matching buyers queue waiting for the inclined sellers to match, i.e., Step 1, and the seller seeks for the inclined buyers in the matching buyers queue to match, i.e  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/4073273 fatcat:efyk4ub3fjfnzoryb3tmsau25i

Using Reinforcement Learning to Study Platform Economies under Market Shocks [article]

Xintong Wang, Gary Qiurui Ma, Alon Eden, Clara Li, Alexander Trott, Stephan Zheng, David C. Parkes
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Across many industries, platforms leverage digital infrastructure to efficiently match producers and consumers, dynamically set prices, and enable economies of scale.  ...  We use deep reinforcement learning (RL) to model the pricing and matching behavior of a platform that optimizes for revenue and various socially-aware objectives.  ...  A buyer can transact off-platform with a known seller and also match on-platform with other sellers.  ... 
arXiv:2203.13395v1 fatcat:mbvkzpqpu5h6zjtvsfncatl7ue

Traders, Courts and the Home Bias Puzzle

Alessandro Turrini, Tanguy van Ypersele
2002 Social Science Research Network  
Using a matchig model of trade, we show that the home bias is associated with both less searching foreign sellers in the home market and a lower probability of cross-border matches being accepted.  ...  In industries characterized by high turnover legal costs may reduce trade because reducing the mass of searching foreign sellers and increasing at the same time that of searching domestic sellers.  ...  Matching Buyers and sellers are randomly matched and separated at each instant of time. Hence, in each moment, both sellers and buyers are either matched or searching.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.297219 fatcat:pt5n3pzvvjcybnlc3geovlc66e

A Matching Game for Data Trading in Operator-Supervised User-Provided Networks [article]

Beatriz Lorenzo, F. Javier Gonzalez-Castano
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We formulate the buyers and sellers association for data trading as a matching game.  ...  In this game, buyers and sellers rank one another based on preference functions that capture buyers' data demand and QoS requirements, sellers' available data and energy resources.  ...  We formulate the buyer-seller data trading association as a matching game.  ... 
arXiv:1602.05103v2 fatcat:2rk63y7fyrh7lj44xrtcivxjua

Urbanization, inequality and property prices: Equilibrium pricing and transaction in the Chinese housing market

Teng Ge, Tao Wu
2017 China economic review  
Heterogeneous buyers and homogeneous sellers randomly search for partners to trade in a frictional property market.  ...  Empirical observations argue for the development of China's property market through evolution from a pooled matching equilibrium to an elitist matching equilibrium.  ...  In this one-shot game, contact is consummated into a transaction of a house from seller to buyer (match of a buyer and a seller) upon a mutual agreement, so the game ends.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chieco.2016.04.005 fatcat:ayhfsfs4gnfhrhe2y6jkeohdie

Cream Skimming and Information Design in Matching Markets

Gleb Romanyuk, Alex Smolin
2018 Social Science Research Network  
The platform designs what buyer information the sellers observe before deciding to form a match.  ...  Short-lived buyers arrive to a platform over time and randomly match with sellers. The sellers stay at the platform and sequentially decide whether to accept incoming requests.  ...  Buyers leave after the match dissolves Figure 1 : Matching process. Buyers arrive at exogenous rate β and contact available sellers. If rejected, a buyer leaves the platform.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3178328 fatcat:rloi4z6b4rab5lio5tn66fm52e

Designing a strategic bipartite matching market

Rahul Jain
2007 2007 46th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control  
We consider a version of the Gale-Shapley matching problem and the Shapley-Shubik assignment game. It involves matching n buyers with m sellers.  ...  The matching may also involve an exchange of numeraire to be paid by the buyers, and to the sellers. The players are strategic.  ...  Thus, buyer 1 matched with seller 1, buyer 2 matches with seller 2, and so on until k since ρ ij = σ ij ≤ 0 for i, j > k. Thus,î = i andǰ = j, and buyers i > k and sellers j > k do not match.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cdc.2007.4434797 dblp:conf/cdc/Jain07 fatcat:lrjxfy2ynnfqhlvhak5evjkway

Trading partner choice and bargaining culture in negotiations

Owen R. Phillips, Amy M. Nagler, Dale J. Menkhaus, Shanshan Huang, Christopher T. Bastian
2014 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
Collective seller earnings suffer. Who does the choosing, that is, whether buyers select sellers or sellers select buyers, further impacts prices and therefore relative earnings.  ...  Results are presented from experimental markets in which paired buyers and sellers negotiate the repeated sale of units.  ...  Buyers selected sellers on a first-come basis and the selection process continued until all sellers were matched; the last unmatched seller was automatically assigned to the last unmatched buyer.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2014.05.005 fatcat:fzmh36pnibehlic7ypydo6lp2m
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