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Automatic Detection of Regions in Spinach Canopies Responding to Soil Moisture Deficit Using Combined Visible and Thermal Imagery

Shan-e-Ahmed Raza, Hazel K. Smith, Graham J. J. Clarkson, Gail Taylor, Andrew J. Thompson, John Clarkson, Nasir M. Rajpoot, Roeland M. H. Merks
2014 PLoS ONE  
Permission for this study was given by the farm manager (Graham Clarkson) who is also a contributing author to this manuscript.  ...  In this work, we used linear SVM which uses the model, y~w T xzb ð1Þ where x = [m LT ,m a ,m b ,s nT ,m aT ,s aT ,m T ,s T ] denotes the input feature vector and y denotes the classification output (+1  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097612 pmid:24892284 pmcid:PMC4043671 fatcat:obp7l4y77fb53fu37hmp4q3bdm

Flavocytochrome P450 BM3 Mutant A264E Undergoes Substrate-dependent Formation of a Novel Heme Iron Ligand Set

Hazel M. Girvan, Ker R. Marshall, Rachel J. Lawson, David Leys, M. Gordon Joyce, John Clarkson, W. Ewen Smith, Myles R. Cheesman, Andrew W. Munro
2004 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Glutamate coordination of the heme iron is confirmed by structural studies of the A264E mutant (Joyce, M. G.,  ...  Wild-type BM3 A264E BM3 K d k cat K m K d k cat K m M min Ϫ1 M M min Ϫ1 M Laurate 100 Ϯ 15 a 2770 Ϯ 120 87 Ϯ 8 ND 744 Ϯ 21 114 Ϯ 12 Myristate 6.9 Ϯ 0.4 4835 Ϯ 295 37.3 Ϯ 11.5  ...  , 690 and 33 M; and A264E domain ϩ substrate, 660 and 63 M.  ... 
doi:10.1074/jbc.m401716200 pmid:15020591 fatcat:6ljw2mqlrfgknjjpiwucic64ee

Risk-based, 6-monthly and 24-monthly dental check-ups for adults: the INTERVAL three-arm RCT

Jan E Clarkson, Nigel B Pitts, Beatriz Goulao, Dwayne Boyers, Craig R Ramsay, Ruth Floate, Hazel J Braid, Patrick A Fee, Fiona S Ord, Helen V Worthington, Marjon van der Pol, Linda Young (+9 others)
2020 Health Technology Assessment  
= 0 M = 1 M = 2 M = 3 M = 4 M = 5 n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD WTP WTP (constant) 2372 £948 £0 2372 £947.51 £0.00 2372 £947.51 £0.00 2372  ...  M-H, Mantel-Haenszel.  ... 
doi:10.3310/hta24600 pmid:33215986 fatcat:4ffn3cr3pvh35d3l3aeqihmlt4

Efficient generation of energetic ions in multi-ion plasmas by radio-frequency heating

Ye. O. Kazakov, J. Ongena, J. C. Wright, S. J. Wukitch, E. Lerche, M. J. Mantsinen, D. Van Eester, T. Craciunescu, V. G. Kiptily, Y. Lin, M. Nocente, F. Nabais (+1297 others)
2017 Nature Physics  
M. Vandenplas, founder and first director of LPP-ERM/KMS, in recognition of his lifelong outstanding commitment to fusion research, in particular to ICRH.  ...  (MIT, Cambridge, USA; major radius R 0 ≈ 0.67 m, minor radius a pl ≈ 0.23 m) and on the world-largest magnetic fusion device JET (Joint European Torus, Culham, UK; R 0 ≈ 3 m, a pl ≈ 1 m).  ...  I n magnetized plasmas, charged particles gyrate around the magnetic field lines with their characteristic cyclotron frequencies ω cs = q s B/m s , where q s is the particle's charge, m s is the particle's  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphys4167 fatcat:ot3ssqx63bfbnd2u3cd4wbkzna

Overview of the JET results in support to ITER

X. Litaudon, S. Abduallev, M. Abhangi, P. Abreu, M. Afzal, K.M. Aggarwal, T. Ahlgren, J.H. Ahn, L. Aho-Mantila, N. Aiba, M. Airila, R. Albanese (+1211 others)
2017 Nuclear Fusion  
.; Abhangi, M.; Abreu, P.; Afza, M.; Aggarwal, K.M.; Ahlgren, T.; Ahn, J.H.; Aho-Mantila, L.; Aiba; N., et al. (2017).  ...  Furthermore, the erosion rate of the W-coatings on divertor tiles (~25 µm W coatings with a 3 µm Mo adhesive layer) does not exceed more than ~2 µm per campaign despite the harsh tokamak conditions with  ...  the surface of the plasma facing side is 24.5 m 2 ).  ... 
doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa5e28 fatcat:frlbdmxdbney3ejc3flin5zwcm

Deposition of impurity metals during campaigns with the JET ITER-like Wall

A. Widdowson, J. P. Goad, E. Alves, A. Baron-Wiechec, N. Catarino, V. Corregidor, K. Heinola, S. Krat, C. Makepeace, G. F. Matthews, M. Mayer, K. Mizohata (+1227 others)
The Be main chamber tiles analysed after ILW1 and ILW2 were marker tiles designed to measure erosion/deposition by coating with an interlayer of Ni (∼3 µm) and a top coat (∼7 µm) of Be.  ...  Erosion of just 0.01-0.1 µm of W from this area could provide a source of 10 21 -10 22 W atoms over a campaign.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119798 fatcat:xe4k4yze6jbjhlhr23qjzxpfu4

Impact of ICRF on the scrape-off layer and on plasma wall interactions: From present experiments to fusion reactor

V. Bobkov, D. Aguiam, R. Bilato, S. Brezinsek, L. Colas, A. Czarnecka, P. Dumortier, R. Dux, H. Faugel, H. Funfgelder, Ph Jacquetg, A. Kaltenbach (+1245 others)
The field component E ||,RF is associated with the so-called "Slow Wave" (SW) mode, which is evanescent at high plasma density (>∼10 17 m −3 ), and propagates along the magnetic field lines.  ...  V DC is a non-linear function of E ||,RF and it changes behavior in the region of large radial field gradients (e.g., around R = 3.85 m in Fig. 8) , defined by the density profile [74] .  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119909 fatcat:5thuwdrdpzewdooelsw3flucoe

Impact of fast ions on density peaking in JET: fluid and gyrokinetic modeling

F. Eriksson, M. Oberparleiter, A. Skyman, H. Nordman, P. Strand, A. Salmi, T. Tala, S. Abduallev, M. Abhangi, P. Abreu, M. Afzal, K. M. Aggarwal (+1213 others)
=n i 1.582×10 19 m −3 4.702×10 19 m −3 e ee 0 2 , = ( )( ) s a q r q d d 79811 87424 T e =T i 1.455 keV 1.699 keV n e a/L n 0.50 0.96 a/L T 2.357 2.155 β e 0.081% 0.29%  ...  The quasi-linear fluxes are calculated for the full spectrum of linear modes, 0.1<k θ ρ s <24, where k θ is the poloidal mode number, ρ s =c s /ω ci is the ion gyro radius, = c T m s e is the ion  ...  ORCID iDs F Eriksson M Oberparleiter https:/ /  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119759 fatcat:ogk7pqdz2zfhdkjzw7pbmgfiea

Tritium distributions on W-coated divertor tiles used in the third JET ITER-like wall campaign

Y. Hatano, S. E. Lee, J. Likonen, S. Koivuranta, M. Hara, S. Masuzaki, N. Asakura, K. Isobe, T. Hayashi, J. Ikonen, A. Widdowson, X. Litaudon (+1219 others)
The escape depth of β-rays from T is ∼3 μm in Be and ∼0.3 μm in W.  ...  The size of 1 pixel was set to 100 × 100 μm.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000104569 fatcat:7yzsuxqye5gqzfro6ywm25j4he

Investigation of deuterium trapping and release in the JET ITER-like wall divertor using TDS and TMAP

J. Likonen, K. Heinola, A. De Backer, A. Baron-Wiechec, N. Catarino, I. Jepu, C. F. Ayres, P. Goad, S. Koivuranta, S. Krat, G. F. Matthews, M. Mayer (+1225 others)
These tiles have a layer structure of CFC (bulk)/Mo (3 μm)/W (12 μm)/Mo (4 μm)/W (4 μm). The bulk W Tile 5 will be investigated as part of future work.  ...  Sample preparation The JET-ILW W-coated CFC divertor tiles consist of ∼25 µm thick W coatings with ∼3 µm thick Mo interlayers for erosion/deposition studies on CFC tiles.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119797 fatcat:3gxc6rftzfddbnorptknefmsi4

First mirror test in JET for ITER: Complete overview after three ILW campaigns

Sunwoo Moon, P. Petersson, M. Rubel, E. Fortuna-Zalesna, A. Widdowson, S. Jachmich, A. Litnovsky, E. Alves, S. Abduallev, M. Abhangi, P. Abreu, M. Afzal (+1219 others)
Fig. 11 . 11 AFM images of surface: (a) edge of circle area scanned 10 × 10 µm and (b) 1 × 1 µm of wall mirror 4.5 cm baffled.  ...  In the border between the aforementioned central part and the area shadowed by the tube or baffles there are randomly oriented needle-shape structures 30-40 nm in height and about 1-2 µm long.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119795 fatcat:oiua6qzurrbcpikjyq2ee3slam

Improved ERO modelling of beryllium erosion at ITER upper first wall panel using JET-ILW and PISCES-B experience

D. Borodin, J. Romazanov, R. A. Pitts, S. W. Lisgo, S. Brezinsek, I. Borodkina, A. Eksaeva, E. Safi, K. Nordlund, A. Kirschner, Ch Linsmeier, S. Abduallev (+1222 others)
ERO is a 3D Monte-Carlo impurity transport and plasma-surface interaction code. In 2011 it was applied for the ITER first wall (FW) life time predictions [1] (critical blanket module BM11). After that the same code was significantly improved during its application to existing fusion-relevant plasma devices: the tokamak JET equipped with an ITER-like wall and linear plasma device PISCES-B. This has allowed testing the sputtering data for beryllium (Be) and showing that the "ERO-min" fit based on
more » ... O-min" fit based on the large (50%) deuterium (D) surface content is well suitable for plasma-wetted areas (D plasma). The improved procedure for calculating of the effective sputtering yields for each location along the plasma-facing surface using the recently developed semi-analytical sheath approach was validated. The re-evaluation of the effective yields for BM11 following the similar revisit of the JET data has indicated significant increase of erosion and motivated the current re-visit of ERO simulations.
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119821 fatcat:qinszesrt5bh5csqlhil6msfaq

Modelling of tungsten erosion and deposition in the divertor of JET-ILW in comparison to experimental findings

A. Kirschner, S. Brezinsek, A. Huber, A. Meigs, G. Sergienko, D. Tskhakaya, D. Borodin, M. Groth, S. Jachmich, J. Romazanov, S. Wiesen, Ch Linsmeier (+1223 others)
I /(m I + m D ) with m D the mass of deuterium and m I the mass of impurity atoms, i.e. tungsten or beryllium, and Q the charge state of impurity ions.  ...  Beryllium ions are assumed to be thermalized with respect to the velocity of the deuterium ions and thus have an impact energy of E Be2+ = m Be /m D ·E D+ .  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119911 fatcat:aasqkcjw2vc25lq4mf65vftc44

EDGE2D-EIRENE simulations of the influence of isotope effects and anomalous transport coefficients on near scrape-off layer radial electric field

A. Chankin, G. Corrigan, C. F. Maggi, S. Abduallev, M. Abhangi, P. Abreu, M. Afzal, K. M. Aggarwal, T. Ahlgren, J. H. Ahn, L. Aho-Mantila, N. Aiba (+1214 others)
, 20th ring-77.5 m.  ...  For H and T cases transport coefficients were changed according to the / m m D i scaling, where m i is either H or T mass.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119721 fatcat:ggw7c65ilnbvfopzfvnwquec5u

Comparison of the structure of the plasma-facing surface and tritium accumulation in beryllium tiles from JET ILW campaigns 2011-2012 and 2013-2014

Elina Pajuste, Gunta Kizane, Ieva Igaune, Liga Avotina, X. Litaudon, S. Abduallev, M. Abhangi, P. Abreu, M. Afzal, K. M. Aggarwal, T. Ahlgren, J. H. Ahn (+1216 others)
Be layer (7-10 μm) [3] [4] [5] .  ...  To assess the erosion of beryllium components so-called marker tiles are being used in JET where regular beryllium tile is coated first with nickel film (2-3 μm) acting as an interlayer and then with a  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000119796 fatcat:jgy4j4izozfmxhtvto6g4kytr4
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