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1996 Computing in High Energy Physics '95  
In general, current and previous HEP parallel processing has been constrained to specialized hardware and software written or designed for HEP.  ...  The parallelism in both design and implementation is explicit. Future parallel processing will be implicit, inherent in the design, and essentially invisible to the user.  ...  HEP has progressed from specialized hardware and home grown software(as exemplied by the ACP project 9 ) to more general purpose hardware(e.g. workstations and ethernet) and public domain or commercial  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814447188_0140 fatcat:uh3zrnq65jaelprqkdv2adaolm

High-Performance Special-Purpose Computers in Science [article]

Toshiyuki Fukushige, Piet Hut(Institute for Advanced Study), Jun Makino
1998 arXiv   pre-print
The breakthrough that opens this new era is the now wide-spread availability of programmable chips that allow virtually every computational scientist to design his or her own special-purpose computer.  ...  One of these projects has resulted in the GRAPE (short for GRAvity PipE) family of special-purpose hardware, designed and built by a small group of astrophysicists at the University of Tokyo (Makino and  ...  Even so, custom computing machines based on FPGA have become a viable alternative for both general-purpose computers and specialized hardwares, given the fact that standard CPUs tend to have lower and  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/9811419v1 fatcat:fsl4enszqjfxvkydlnomc2l3au

Workstation clusters for parallel computing

J. Stone, F. Ercal
2001 IEEE potentials  
It is easier to manage workstation hardware and software already familiar at a given site than hardware and software that are significantly different.  ...  They have historically been "special" requiring new administration skills and additional training.  ... 
doi:10.1109/45.954655 fatcat:qhso35cohzgq7bgtvpz3m3pudq

A network architecture for distributed multimedia systems

Adam, Houh, Ismert, Tennenhouse
1994 Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems MMCS-94  
The VuNet is a gigabit-per-second desk/local-area A T M network which int erconn ect s general-purpose workstations, networkbased multimedia devices and bridges to other networks.  ...  This paper describes the VuNet philosophy, the VuNet hardware, and presents the results of experiments in which high bit-rate video streams are transported across the system.  ...  Previous Work We feel our design philosophy contrasts with other multimedia approaches which are more hardware based, such as Pandora [12], a special purpose hardware sub-system which can be controlled  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmcs.1994.292436 dblp:conf/icmcs/AdamHIT94 fatcat:ita6bbovkva6vfxbw5zzy7vxa4

Page 5 of Hewlett-Packard Journal Vol. 37, Issue 3 [page]

1986 Hewlett-Packard Journal  
Now that powerful, personal workstations are cost-effective, a wide range of software engineering tools, previously feas- ible only on expensive mainframes or special-purpose hardware, are now available  ...  The end user benefits from the total system, with high-resolution graphics, color displays, local area networks, multiple windows, and special-purpose input devices.  ... 

Page 80 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 126, Issue 2 [page]

2000 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
This implementation supports many different types of hardware including special high per- formance supercomputers to Unix workstations integrated us- ing their network connectivity to perform as a parallel  ...  MPI Implementation on Selected Hardware Platforms In the present research two types of parallel hardware are used: (1) The homogeneous multiprocessor workstations; and (2) the heterogeneous networks of  ... 

Rescalable Real-Time Interactive Computer Animations [chapter]

John M. Sullivan
2002 Mathematics and Visualization  
For special-purpose animations, custom software is often necessary to achieve real-time performance.  ...  Luckily, in recent years, computer hardware has improved, and libraries have been standardized, to the point where such custom software can be easily ported across all common platforms, and the performance  ...  It works both on machines with special purpose graphics hardware (which is now usually built to optimize performance of the OpenGL primitives) and on machines where all the rendering computations must  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-56240-2_19 fatcat:yztkbqysmzfytfenfzzmsg3eui

The GRAPE-4, a Teraflops Stellar Dynamics Computer [article]

Piet Hut
1997 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, special-purpose computers have surpassed general-purpose computers in the speed with which large-scale stellar dynamics simulations can be performed.  ...  Future speed increases for special-purpose computers will be even more dramatic: a Petaflops version, tentatively named the GRAPE-6, could be built within a few years, whereas general-purpose computers  ...  I thank Jun Makino and Steve McMillan for their comments on the manuscript. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under grant ASC-9612029.  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/9704277v1 fatcat:hqsrykkx3nbdhlgiaynzn6k54i

Implementing a complex internetwork: a case study

R A Standing, A Dahbura
1991 Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care  
The purpose is to discuss the methods and approaches employed.  ...  The perspective is that the methods and approaches will remain viable while the hardware and software changes.  ...  Electronic Mail [1,5,7] The email system had to be able to work with SMTP email, IBM Profs, ccMail, AppleLink, a special purpose bulletin board email system and allow email to be delivered to, and sent  ... 
pmid:1807661 pmcid:PMC2247591 fatcat:blujcbzf6bdmdelajpnibyy424

Virtual Computing Laboratories: A Case Study with Comparisons to Physical Computing Laboratories

Stephen D. Burd, Alessandro F. Seazzu, Christopher Conway
2009 Journal of Information Technology Education Innovations in Practice  
The lab was intended to improve student access to school computing resources and provide a reliable and standardized software and hardware environment for use in management courses.  ...  This paper reports on the implementation of a specific lab using remote access to dedicated workstations and supporting students enrolled in degree programs in management.  ...  The relative lack of literature addressing VLABs for general-and special-purpose software applications supporting broad curricula outside science and engineering may be attributed to a lack of off-the-shelf  ... 
doi:10.28945/173 fatcat:hzvqefeaabgelkwhpkuvadiev4

Teaching graphics processing and architecture using a hardware prototyping approach

Michael Steffen, Phillip Jones, Joseph Zambreno
2011 2011 IEEE International Conference on Microelectronic Systems Education  
and architecture, with a strong emphasis on laboratory work targeting hardware prototyping of the 3D rendering pipeline.  ...  To our knowledge, this class is the first that takes a hardware prototyping approach to teaching computer graphics and architecture.  ...  GPU software for graphics rendering and general-purpose computation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mse.2011.5937080 dblp:conf/mse/SteffenJZ11 fatcat:lvtpedcgfjeqja67lnv7b6tvne

Design lessons for building agile manufacturing systems

W.S. Newman, A. Podgurski, R.D. Quinn, F.L. Merat, M.S. Branicky, N.A. Barendt, G.C. Causey, E.L. Haaser, Yoohwan Kim, J. Swaminathan, V.B. Velasco
2000 IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation  
Design choices for both hardware and software must strike a balance between the inflexibility of special-purpose designs and the impracticality of overly general designs.  ...  We review both our physical and software design choices and make recommendations for the design of agile manufacturing systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the following current or former faculty and students who contributed substantially to the agile manufacturing project: L. Sterling, S. Kim  ... 
doi:10.1109/70.850641 fatcat:6bqgeeloxvghjodz55bfcyqhxe

The Chimera II real-time operating system for advanced sensor-based control applications

D.B. Stewart, D.E. Schmitz, P.K. Khosla
1992 IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics  
The multiprocessor support includes interprocessor communication and synchronization, remote interrupts, access to special purpose processors, and distributed task management.  ...  , including global shared memory, spin-locks, remote semaphores, priority message passing, global state variable tables, multiprocessor servo task control, and host workstation integration; and several  ...  The second level provides a standardized, hardware independent layer to sensors and actuators. • Special purpose processor interface: a standardized interface to special purpose processors makes it easy  ... 
doi:10.1109/21.199456 fatcat:d4ol44uogzgfjf4d4zpxovkoqm

Page 318 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 115, Issue 3 [page]

1989 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
Special-purpose or expensive devices, such as flatbed plotters, can be added and made available to all users. We will describe the effect of distributed processing on GISs.  ...  This helps to reduce hardware, and lowers installation and maintenance costs. Another possibility is to share a central storage facility with a number of diskless workstations.  ... 

Collisional Stellar Dynamics, Gas Dynamics and Special Purpose Computing [article]

R. Spurzem, J. Makino, T. Fukushige, G. Lienhart, A. Kugel, R. Maenner, M. Wetzstein, A. Burkert, T. Naab
2002 arXiv   pre-print
Challenging stellar dynamical problems, such as the study of gravothermal oscillations in star clusters, have in the past initiated the very successful building of GRAPE special purpose computers.  ...  It is discussed, that present day tasks such as the formation and evolution of galactic nuclei with one or more massive black holes and the coupled stellar and gas dynamical processes in the formation  ...  Acknowledgements Support and warm hospitality is gratefully acknowledged through collaborative German-Japanese  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/0204326v1 fatcat:kvfaumrh4nfa3bjlts7gvwnnnq
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