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Could gastrointestinal disorders differ in two close but divergent social environments?

Ewa Grodzinsky, Claes Hallert, Tomas Faresjö, Elisabet Bergfors, Åshild Faresjö
2012 International Journal of Health Geographics  
The general aim of this study was to estimate the occurrence in the population and between sexes of common gastrointestinal conditions in two neighborhood cities representing two different social environments  ...  Knowledge of the disease occurrence in populations is better understood if viewed in a psychosocial context including indicators of the social environment where people spend their lives.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the members of "the Twincities Research Group" at Linköping University, Sweden for their valuable comments on this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1476-072x-11-5 pmid:22309613 pmcid:PMC3330019 fatcat:3vn77qhu45aavgpabu7wjxyxnm

Feminine men and masculine women: in/exclusion in the academy

Liz Atkins, Mark Vicars, Vicky Duckworth, Francis Farrell and Phil
2016 Education + Training  
| P a g e Feminine men and masculine women: in/exclusion in the academy Abstract Purpose This paper draws on concepts of 'female masculinity' to interrogate how hegemonic gendering discourses, forms, and  ...  In doing so, it contributes to debates on masculinity, but more importantly, opens discussions about the implications of gendering discourses for the role of the few women in senior positions in higher  ...  These masculinities may not be identified with by all men, but, as Halberstam (1998) argues, masculinities (and femininities) can be appropriated by both males and females in different ways.  ... 
doi:10.1108/et-10-2015-0100 fatcat:bcyysvjc4rbqpkmk7zrxjvgllu

Legal Origins and Labor Market Outcomes of Men and Women

Josef Montag
2011 Social Science Research Network  
The paper exploits variation in institutional environment and regulation of labor across legal origins to explain international differences in gender-gender income ratio, income inequality, labor force  ...  Scandinavian, German and Post-socialist countries mostly lie between the two extremes.  ...  The α from regression 9 is the difference in differences estimator that captures effects of legal origins on women net of their posible effect on men, and thus picks up any dispropotrionate effect of legal  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1549336 fatcat:3ip5lkthkfexvj242luiqpzl24

The impact of gender-stereotypical text contents on reading competence in women and men

Kathrin Thums, Timo Gnambs, Ilka Wolter
2020 Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft  
These findings indicate that there is no substantial impact of gender-stereotypical text connotations on the measurement of women's and men's reading competence.  ...  The research was based on a sample of 813 adults from a pilot study of the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). A bifactor model confirmed a general factor for reading competence.  ...  Women and men were equally competent in reading regardless of potential gender stereotypes in the texts they read.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11618-020-00980-8 fatcat:od5d77rpuvebzc3bqh6ykufemy

Gender differences and bias in open source: pull request acceptance of women versus men

Josh Terrell, Andrew Kofink, Justin Middleton, Clarissa Rainear, Emerson Murphy-Hill, Chris Parnin, Jon Stallings
2017 PeerJ Computer Science  
This paper presents a large scale study on gender bias, where we compare acceptance rates of contributions from men versus women in an open source software community.  ...  Biases against women in the workplace have been documented in a variety of studies.  ...  Thanks to the Developer Liberation Front for their reviews of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.111 fatcat:g7g6fekojbacrdptszlzppsc5a

Threat of biographical disruption: the gendered construction and experience of infertility following cancer for women and men

Jane M. Ussher, Janette Perz
2018 BMC Cancer  
Results: In the thematic decomposition, infertility was identified as providing a 'Threat of Biographical Disruption' which impacted on life course and identity, for both women and men.  ...  The chi square test for independence was used to test for group differences between women and men on closed survey items.  ...  Acknowledgements We acknowledge the input of Kathryn Sayer-Jones and Sophie Arneil to the coding of qualitative data, and Andrew Kellett for the preparation of the quantitative data set.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12885-018-4172-5 pmid:29506492 pmcid:PMC5836444 fatcat:yx7jretpj5gr5jyoqeuf4t3ujq

Moral Masculinities: Ethical Self-fashionings of Professional Chinese Men in London

Derek Hird
2016 Nan nü: Men, Women and Gender in China  
Through qualitative interviews and examination of textual sources, this essay investigates the gendered, class and cultural subjectivities of transnational, highly-educated Chinese men living and working  ...  The study argues that the cosmopolitan yet culturally embedded masculinities of the participants are suggestive of how professional Chinese men, as they step onto the world stage, seek to insert themselves  ...  I thank Harriet Zurndorfer and Daria Berg for inviting me to present an earlier rendering of this paper at Leiden University and for their constructive comments on it; the audience at Leiden for their  ... 
doi:10.1163/15685268-00181p05 fatcat:weesnh3q3rbzrj33ajycqb4lry

Reconstructing Sexual Equality

Christine A. Littleton
1987 California Law Review  
Feminist theorists have critiqued both legal equality doctrine and society's power structure as 'phallocentric"--that is, reflecting solely the perspective of men.  ...  After surveying the spectrum of current equality theory, Professor Littleton proposes her own model of sexual equality, called "equality as acceptance, " which she identifies as essentially asymmetrical  ...  , and participatory aspects of equality. 122 The Difference that Difference Makes Each of the several models of equality discussed above, if adopted, would have a quite different impact on the structure  ... 
doi:10.2307/3480595 fatcat:uzcgagptnncijie44trxqhcqvy

The precarious couple effect: Verbally inhibited men + critical, disinhibited women = bad chemistry

William B. Swann, Peter J. Rentfrow, Samuel D. Gosling
2003 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
Implications for understanding the impact of gender expectations on relationships and for integrating behavioral and personological approaches to close relationships are discussed.  ...  This effect theoretically emerges when (a) verbally disinhibited women pair with relatively inhibited men (man-more-inhibited couples) and (b) the disinhibition of women in man-more-inhibited couples amplifies  ...  .), people may be matched on the higher level trait but not on its specific components, and these matches on specific components may prove to have an important impact on relationship satisfaction.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.6.1095 pmid:14674816 fatcat:mghsno77orhzrkjegh3txhxsgu

Role models, school improvement and the 'gender gap'—do men bring out the best in boys and women the best in girls?1

Bruce Carrington, Peter Tymms, Christine Merrell
2008 British Educational Research Journal  
On the limited presence of AfricanAmerican teachers: an assess ment of research, synthesis and policy implications,  ...  The analysis concentrated on interaction effects between the gender of the teacher and the gender of the pupil and the results gave little support for those who advocate re cruitment drives with role models  ...  The girls outperformed boys in reading and maths but equaled the boys in science.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01411920701532202 fatcat:3um7pxiinbe63m4eeq2btyvtca

Differences in Health and Illness Beliefs in Zimbabwean Men and Women with Diabetes

Esther Mufunda, Björn Albin, Katarina Hjelm
2012 Open Nursing Journal  
Prolonged economic disruption also had negative effects towards maintenance of healthy life-styles as both men and women struggled to get money for food and drugs.  ...  Gender differences were indicated in a previous study but their extent has not been studied.  ...  This work was supported by grants from The Research Committee at the School of Health Sciences and Social Work, University of Växjö, and The Linnaeus-Palme Foundation, Swedish International Development  ... 
doi:10.2174/1874434601206010117 pmid:22977655 pmcid:PMC3439846 fatcat:btxehebyrjeytgad7b2vwpttve

Discourses of Friendship between Heterosexual Women and Gay Men: Mythical Norms and an Absence of Desire

Dan Shepperd, Adrian Coyle, Peter Hegarty
2010 Feminism and Psychology  
Discourses of Friendship between Heterosexual Women and Gay Men: Mythical Norms and an Absence of Desire 1 Gay men and heterosexual women may share some common interests in critiquing heteropatriarchy.  ...  Interviews were conducted with seven friendship dyads of heterosexual women and gay men.  ...  The transcripts were read repeatedly and coded for identified themes.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0959353509349604 fatcat:hn6qlbbofjg4dg24cezdw7jagy

Performing a Thematic Analysis: An Exploratory Study about Managers' Perceptions on Gender Equality

Carlos Costa, Zélia Breda, Isabel Pinho, Fiona Bakas, Marília Durão
2016 The Qualitative Report  
The tourism managers' perceptions of gender equality, within the workplace, were obtained resorting to focus groups. We chose thematic analysis to identify themes and patterns.  ...  This framework is not only an analysis tool but also provides support to develop robust quantitative instruments and facilitate future meta-inference drawn from all data sources of a research project.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), as well as by the co-financing of the European Union through the National Strategic Reference  ... 
doi:10.46743/2160-3715/2016.2609 fatcat:tqb3xflrtbhzfpbbjhnjflpbwy

From sneezes to adieux: Stages of health for American men and women

Lois M. Verbrugge
1986 Social Science and Medicine  
, then concentrate on how ranks of health problems differ for men and women.  ...  men and women 1209 SEX DIFFEREXES Are the health expenences of men and women vastly different, or do they actually tend to suffer the same kinds of health problems3 We begin by notmg sex differences  ... 
doi:10.1016/0277-9536(86)90187-5 pmid:3749951 fatcat:2k4pllviuzgwxakhxgo775bbdq

Diet, Exercise, Lifestyle, and Mental Distress among Young and Mature Men and Women: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study

Lina Begdache, Saloumeh Sadeghzadeh, Gia Derose, Cassandra Abrams
2020 Nutrients  
men and women.  ...  The aim of this study was to identify the significant dietary and lifestyle contributors to mental distress in these sub-populations.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors wish to thank everyone who donated funds to support the dissemination of the results. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu13010024 pmid:33374693 fatcat:gjzse4popnbexinf2fyg46643q
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