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Missing the missing values: The ugly duckling of fairness in machine learning

Martínez‐Plumed Fernando, Ferri Cèsar, Nieves David, Hernández‐Orallo José
2021 International Journal of Intelligent Systems  
Nowadays, there is an increasing concern in machine learning about the causes underlying unfair decision making, that is, algorithmic decisions discriminating some groups over others, especially with groups  ...  In this paper, we present the first comprehensive analysis of the relation between missing values and algorithmic fairness for machine learning: (1) we analyse the sources of missing data and bias, mapping  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their suggestions, which have helped improve the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1002/int.22415 fatcat:tztr3pmkkrbyzdeziifxpgkgcq

The Duty to Read the Unreadable

Uri Benoliel, Shmuel I. Becher
2019 Social Science Research Network  
Numerous scholars have suggested that consumer contracts are indeed written in a way that dissuades consumers from reading them.  ...  The Article applies wellestablished linguistic readability tests to the five hundred most popular websites in the United States that use sign-in-wrap agreements.  ...  REV. 429 (2002) (detailing economic, cognitive, and social reasons that may lead consumers not to read or accurately assess consumer contracts). 197 See, e.g., Michael E.J. ur findings suggest that when  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3313837 fatcat:mbut4tqhxndqjmpbrux7bspwcu

E-Poster Presentations

2020 European psychiatry  
In a second step, a retrospective assessment of diagnostic criteria (DSM-5) was undertaken by using entries on the HCIS software.  ...  Objectives: Our aim was to empirically estimate prevalence and incidence of delusional disorder in an emergency department and to describe main sociodemographic and clinical features.  ...  We need to understand better the reasons why patients miss appointments, in order to prevent them, as well as to improve treatment adherence, leading to better outcomes.  ... 
doi:10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.5 fatcat:vslfruegm5f2jc5dl6hu6gqnom

TEST THE FACE: A Relational Art Project [chapter]

Myriam Romero
2020 Art Education: Conflicts and Connections  
-A judge's hammer, which reminds us about how unfair justice often is as an institution, and the emphasizes the need for real justice in a world full of injustices of various kinds.  ...  The content of this kind of in-service training may include changes on implementation of core curricula and assessment of student learning, re-contextualisation of the knowledge of the subjects taught  ... 
doi:10.24981/2020-4-2 fatcat:toeycrpynvchvcmatoxkjhjnby

"A Government of Limited and Enumerated Powers": In Defense of United States v. Lopez

Steven G. Calabresi
1995 Michigan law review  
A lack of contiguity helped lead to the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971.  ...  Some may think this liberty argument for federalism is just another form of the argument already made that federalism leads to competition in the provision of public goods.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1289947 fatcat:m5fkqo2hkrfa3e6hi6gty54xxm

Introduction [chapter]

2017 Getting it Wrong in Spain  
García Lorca and to his assassination, examining the documentary evidence offered in surviving memoirs of the Civil War, and assessing the major characteristics of the new order in Spain under Franco.  ...  In exploring the slow demise of republican ideals, contributors range over many diverse historical and cultural topics-discussing, for instance, the attitudes of both Left and Right to the poet Federico  ...  Apart from the obvious fact that the US was playing the lead role in the East/ West rivalry that was dividing countries into mutually opposing ideological blocs, there were several other reasons why this  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315722573-7 fatcat:ncyqojekirh6he27kgaco6rsa4

Florin Abraham, Romania Since the Second World War: A Political, Social and Economic HistoryAbrahamFlorin, Romania Since the Second World War: A Political, Social and Economic History, Bloomsbury Academic: London, 2016; 360 pp.; 9781472534183, £81.00 (hbk); 9781472534187, £24.99 (pbk); 9781472526298, £24.99 (EPUB ebook)

Călin Morar-Vulcu
2017 European History Quarterly  
In general terms, this statement may be somewhat unfair. For Soviet music scholarship, however, it rings true.  ...  The Dutch empire had to cope with two cosmopolitanisms, we learn from this book.  ...  His approach is journalistic in that he often uses a particular place or person as a window into larger phenomena; for example, Genoa's shipbuilding yards lead into a general account of the city's role  ... 
doi:10.1177/0265691417729639 fatcat:w22gockchzda3e2wyzmlodiyvq

5. The Meanings, Forms and Exercise of 'Freedom' [chapter]

Laetitia Zecchini
2022 The Form of Ideology and the Ideology of Form  
In order to make the volume readable, we have kept diacritical marks to a minimum, using them only for book and journal titles and direct quotations.  ...  For Devanagari, we have mostly followed the transliteration used by R. S.  ...  delay, with authors from the 1930s being hailed as 'contemporary' in the 1970s or nineteenth-century authors numbered among those 'of the last twentyfive years' in the 1950s (see Orsini in this volume  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0254.05 fatcat:4mtjaek5ajhvppijpmno4duw5u

The family in question: immigrant and ethnic minorities in multicultural Europe

Cigdem Kagitcibasi
2011 Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development  
Compiled by leading specialists, the works disseminate succinct and timely information for European policymakers, practitioners and other stakeholders.  ...  Since its foundation in 2004, IMISCOE has advanced an integrated, multidisciplinary and globally comparative research programme to address the themes specified in its name, short for: International Migration  ...  Many thanks to Steven Vertovec and Ellie Vasta for support and advice through the course of this project and to Karen Lüdtke and Eva Soom Ammann for their comments.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01434632.2011.580087 fatcat:kyvulbnjcffi3i223ijwxgu3kq

Arts-media censorship in Australia: doing the right thing the wrong way

Robert John Ryan
The protection of minors remains the prime reason for arts-media censorship in Australia. Other reasons are gleaned from the wording of the relevant legislation.  ...  (There is reliable evidence that Australians download more uncensored movies in a week than the censors review in several years).  ...  Academically, my grateful thanks go to my first principal supervisor, Dr. Willa  ... 
doi:10.25949/19444034.v1 fatcat:qlhlnoelcvhqpc65ensif652b4


This means that different actors may end up learning from each--other directly through sustained public engagement.  ...  Let us then try get to know a bit more about such phenomenon, and learn how the demarcation of genuine scientific research from unproven stem cell treatments leads to the construction of certified stem  ... 
doi:10.13130/blasimme-alessandro_phd2012 fatcat:pjqcidgaofeu3pjzs7zek5h2o4

Rural Learning for Development: Experiences from Europe Report on Rural Learning for Development and Book of Proceedings of the 2007 RuraLEARN Conference and Workshops

This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.  ...  The RuraLEARN project has been co-funded by the European Commission in the framework of the RuraLEARN project, an Accompanying Measure of the Socrates Programme.  ...  In face of this evident need for the promotion of "rural learning", all levels of education, from primary to tertiary, all forms of learning , from formal to informal, from conventional professional training  ... 

Organized Urban Violence: An Examination of the Threat of Organized Armed Groups to Urban Environments

Anita Grace, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
This research contributes to the assessment of urban violence by developing a category of urban violence, namely organized urban violence (OUV), defined as that which is generated by urban non-state organized  ...  armed groups (OAGs) who exert territorial and social control in urban areas.  ...  most likely to engage in and why?  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-729 fatcat:zuvy57pmpngn5aazrievrwxepu


Ronald Sutherland, Margaret Atwood, Neil Carson, Keath Fraser, Edwin Hamblet, Stephen Scobie, John Cox, D Jones, F Spettigue, George Frazer, Mike Woodcock, Keath Doyle (+12 others)
, Down and Out in Paris and London and Homage to Catalonia.  ...  The idea that to struggle for something better might well lead to something worse is undoubtedly one of the reasons why neither the terrorist front nor René Lévesque has yet been able to conscript the  ...  He reprints, for example, from Culture (1953) a critical analysis of Lampman's "Heat", from the Queen's Quarterly (1962) a paper on "The Young Writer in Canada", originally given at a Student Conference  ... 


Marco Venuti, Antonio Fruttaldo
These two paradigms differ in their orientation to media discourse data.  ...  construction of exemplary speakers, which in turn are central to enregisterment (Agha 2003.  ...  presenting an alternative set of meanings and judgements about internationalisation, policy, power and its possible influences and affects/effects in relation to ethics, (in)equality and (in)justice.  ... 
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