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Why Shareholders Want their CEOs to Lie More after Dura Pharmaceuticals

James C. Spindler
2006 Social Science Research Network  
one project may compensate for the failure of another, the firm can time the release of good and bad news to mask fraud's effect on price, and "other factors" that would have caused a loss of investment  ...  The Supreme Court's recent Dura Pharmaceuticals decision requires a plaintiff to show a market decline (ex post losses), as opposed to price inflation at the time of purchase (ex ante losses), in order  ...  So, why lie in the first place?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.920470 fatcat:uravv7rvdvcthakl7wyoe5wb3q

Lie Detection: Still Searching for the Truth

William G. Iacono
1991 Contemporary Psychology  
Assessing deception: Polygraph techniques. In R. Rogers (Ed.), Clinical assessment of malingering and deception (pp. 205-233). New York: Guilford. Lykken, D. T. (1981).  ...  A tremor in the blood: Uses and abuses of the lie detector. New York: McGraw-Hill. U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment. (1983).  ... 
doi:10.1037/029521 fatcat:qbetta4s7jhkvcfxo66ke6mvj4

How contemporary theory informs lie detection accuracy and bias

Chris Street, Greg Best, Jonathan Hodgeon
2019 Crime Security and Society  
direction of future research.  ...  KEYWORDS Accuracy Adaptive lie detector Bias Deception detection Truth default theory A B S T R A C T Lie detection research has reached a stage where theory building is possible.  ...  deception (Department of Health, 2003; Naqvi, 2013) .  ... 
doi:10.5920/css.555 fatcat:gxs3s7u555a37ik27xqtlbygkq

Catching Liars: Why it can be so Hard

Shawn Adair Johnston
2017 Journal of Forensic Research  
between true and deceptive statements of criminal defendants.  ...  truthfulness while simultaneously manifesting attributes of deception.  ...  For example, when child molesters lie about their criminal sexual behavior, their lies are typically devoid of truthful information while abounding with false information.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2157-7145.1000361 fatcat:virycjv65fayviiou75lvscduq

White Lie of Persuasive Communication

Jaime Bergum
2021 MacEwan University student ejournal  
The following is a personal manifesto of the state of 21st-century rhetoric.  ...  Rhetoric is so intrinsically bound into all aspects of life and all communication environments that it appears inevitable to communicate by using some form of rhetoric.  ...  Think of rhetoric in this sense as the shameless, hopeful, white lie of persuasive communication.  ... 
doi:10.31542/muse.v5i1.2039 fatcat:zsxpjx6bgbcudp56x26kirv33m

The comparative advantages of brain-based lie detection

John Danaher
2015 The International Journal of Evidence & Proof  
In this article, I add to this growing support by making a novel comparative advantage argument in favour of brain-based lie detection evidence.  ...  test, to the more reliable, brain-based, concealed information test.  ...  'Deception awareness improves P300-based deception detection in concealed information tests' (2012) 86 International Journal of Psychophysiology 114-121; and X. Hu, N.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1365712714561189 fatcat:mk33pbm7rzby7adgmdf22mxt4i

Why is dementia different? Medical students' views about deceiving people with dementia

Ellen StClair Tullo, Richard Philip Lee, Louise Robinson, Louise Allan
2014 Aging & Mental Health  
of balancing potential harms and benefits of lying/deception  Biased perspective/self deception may affect evaluation of lying/deception  Greater tendency to lie/deceive in the future, including possible  ...  need to "shore up" present lie/ deception with further lies/deception Table 2  Responding to a patient with dementia who was asking about the wellbeing of a spouse that they did not remember had died  ... 
doi:10.1080/13607863.2014.967173 pmid:25345669 fatcat:4jjps5u2kfar3jdwuwunatdeqi

Built to lie: Investigating technologies of deception, surveillance, and control

Torin Monahan
2016 The Information Society  
Rather than view such cases as exceptional, I argue that deceptive communication systems are hidden articulations of normal technological orders.  ...  As troubling as institutional opacity might be, an analysis of deceptive systems reveals more fundamental problems: imbalances in power and widespread acquiescence to corporate and state efforts to control  ...  draft of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01972243.2016.1177765 fatcat:kyuco2pefjbmdjhdibbri6fgwu

Why medical students are 'medical students'

Joel D. Howell
1997 Journal of general internal medicine  
If they intend to deceive vulnerable patients who enter the walls of the medical center seeking care, one must wonder why.  ...  "guinea pigs" to obtain free health care?  ... 
doi:10.1046/j.1525-1497.1997.07148.x pmid:9383143 pmcid:PMC1497193 fatcat:h6ytctsqwrfhvdn5sfxdnphrpm

Can bad science be good evidence? Neuroscience, lie detection, and beyond

Frederick Schauer
2010 Cornell law review  
REG. 373 (1903); Daniel Blau, Note, Holy Scriptures and Unholy Strictures: Why the Enforcement of a Religious Orthodoxy in  ...  13 See George Fisher, TheJuy's Rise as Lie Detector, 107 YALE L.J. 575, 580, 583 (1997) (noting that the legal system's reliance on the oath was based on "the perceived divine power of the oath to compel  ...  REV. 214, 214, 217 (2006); see also Maureen O'Sullivan, Why Most People Parse Palters, Fibs, Lies, Whoppers, and Other Deceptions Poorly, in DECEPTION, supra note 10, at 74; Aldert Vrij et al., Increasing  ... 
pmid:20939147 fatcat:zmxxa5ccu5cepda3pfxbwkg564

Trying Not to Lie...and Failing: Autoethnography, Memory, Malleability

John Freeman
2015 The Qualitative Report  
It offers perspectives and provocations which are informed but not bound by autoethnography's extant body of thought and readers are invited on a brief journey through self-writing as it relates to the  ...  vagaries of memory and the illusion of truth.  ...  and deceptive manipulation.  ... 
doi:10.46743/2160-3715/2015.2170 fatcat:z4iuyqkygnaqtewc2jlr3jm5ha

Ministry of Truth? Why Law Can't Stop Prevarications, Bullshit, and Straight-Out Lies in Political Campaigns

Catherine J. Ross
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Part V presents a case study that reveals the difficulty of reaching agreement on what constitutes a verifiable lie.  ...  In concluding, Part VI briefly considers whether recent developments in technology, social media, and culture require modifications of First Amendment doctrine in order to ensure informed voting.  ...  discussion of laws governing falsehood; it informs but does not determine the outcome of recent cases in which litigants have challenged the constitutionality of campaign deception statutes.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3271353 fatcat:asmtyjxqmfcffjvxwgs5eipd6y

When the lie is the truth: Grounded theory analysis of an online support group for factitious disorder

Aideen Lawlor, Jurek Kirakowski
2014 Psychiatry Research  
Factitious disorder (FD) is poorly understood because of the elusiveness of sufferers.  ...  This study sought to fill the gap in the literature and overcome the elusiveness of FD sufferers by analysing their text communications in two online communities.  ...  There is a significant amount of information about the observable symptoms of the disorder, which are used to form an index of suspicion (Catalina et al., 2008) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.03.034 pmid:24745468 fatcat:myirtx3qt5bg7diqnqmewylh4a

A Review of Approaches to Detecting Malingering in Forensic Contexts and Promising Cognitive Load-Inducing Lie Detection Techniques

Jeffrey J. Walczyk, Nate Sewell, Meghan B. DiBenedetto
2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
of deception.  ...  The article continues with a discussion of commonly used means for detecting deception.  ...  Based on the social context and roles targets play, ToM inferences are made regarding why, for instance, the detective is seeking the information, to what use sharing the truth will be put, etc.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00700 pmid:30622488 pmcid:PMC6308182 fatcat:aduk6c3c7ngjzmt32vhj6nzbwe

Truthful AI: Developing and governing AI that does not lie [article]

Owain Evans, Owen Cotton-Barratt, Lukas Finnveden, Adam Bales, Avital Balwit, Peter Wills, Luca Righetti, William Saunders
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In many contexts, lying -- the use of verbal falsehoods to deceive -- is harmful.  ...  And since the scale of AI speech acts might grow dramatically over the coming decades, early truthfulness standards might be particularly important because of the precedents they set.  ...  We have also ben- We would like to thank the Future of Humanity Institute (University of Oxford) and BERI (especially Sawyer Bernath) for supporting this work.  ... 
arXiv:2110.06674v1 fatcat:yttuvho7wrd6bgbi6fijh7wy4e
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