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Computational Semantics

Patrick Blackburn, Johan Bos
2010 THEORIA : an International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science  
In this article we discuss what constitutes a good choice of semantic representation, compare different approaches of constructing semantic representations for fragments of natural language, and give an  ...  But before turning to the details, a more general question should be addressed: why bother with computational semantics at all? There are at least two reasons.  ...  Actually, there is no unique answer: it depends on what you want to do, on the level of detail at which you want to work, and on the linguistic phenomena you wish to analyse.  ... 
doi:10.1387/theoria.408 doaj:3e85d017690d4c5e8faae228072d6aa8 fatcat:q234kmaqrvfvxlzsscivd25fxa

Connecting Black women in computational biology

Fernando Chirigati, Ananya Rastogi
2021 Nature Computational Science  
I would have loved to be able to reach out to more Black women to learn more about them and what they do, and to receive advice.  ...  I saw a really powerful woman leading an important department at the university and in computational science, and she inspired me to reach for more and think outside of my comfort zone.  ...  There must be a way that we can communicate and really inspire the next generation of computational scientists, to feel like they are in an environment that cares about them, while making sure this is  ... 
doi:10.1038/s43588-020-00013-8 fatcat:gfzgcajq6nftnguclviohwexlm

Caring about connections: gender and computing

J. Margolis, A. Fisher, F. Miller
1999 IEEE technology & society magazine  
A male student who wants to make more computers useful for people says, "Since doing so much work with them [computers], it's become more a tool to me.  ...  Some students have specific projects in mind, such as this woman who wants to use computers in biology : Several of the women we interviewed didn't have a specific field in mind, but stressed how important  ... 
doi:10.1109/44.808844 fatcat:tqtjdi64erbppkrcj3feykn2jm

Responses to Gender and Computer Music

Elizabeth Hoffman, Michael Zbyszynski, Pauline Oliveros, Paula Matthusen, Bonnie Miksch
2020 array. the journal of the ICMA  
Who we are, how we see ourselves, and what we want-aspects all --Michael Zbyszynski Gender and Computer Music: Tracing Change Mara Helmuth's Array discussions on the state of Women in Computer Music  ...  In addition, as we have seen with racial inequities in academia, a bit of creative affirmative action can help. Why not offer a special scholarship each year to a woman in the field?  ... 
doi:10.25370/array.v20092459 fatcat:q76y7zgr2bbfnb7heiittcdok4

Inference and Computational Semantics

Patrick Blackburn, Michael Kohlhase
2004 Journal of Logic, Language and Information  
This paper discusses inference in computational semantics.  ...  We argue that state-of-the-art methods in first-order theorem proving and model generation are of direct relevance to inference for natural language processing.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Claire Gardent and Karsten Konrad for discussion and pointers to the literature.  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:jlli.0000024788.38738.bb fatcat:6uecnwl7ezhwrf26kgzhkofcsy

Women in Computer Science [chapter]

Iwona Miliszewska, John Horwood
2000 Women, Work and Computerization  
This paper reports on research conducted at Victoria University in Melbourne.  ...  They should also be shown that they can do whatever they want to do: "I think young women need to be encouraged earlier on in the education system, given more options."  ...  Women in postgraduate courses considered offering assistance in job placement to be an encouraging factor: "Help women find jobs in the computing area. " Problems in Computer Science Asked why more women  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35509-2_7 fatcat:t364s4xsazebffy3ixnztaba7a

Telling humans and computers apart automatically

Luis von Ahn, Manuel Blum, John Langford
2004 Communications of the ACM  
We'd like to thank Udi for his helpful motivation and feedback. We'd also like to thank Henry Baird and his research group at PARC (formerly Xerox PARC) for the enthusiasm about our project and  ...  Acknowledgements and Credits The ideas and the theory behind captchas were developed at Carnegie Mellon University in the fall of 2000, when Udi Manber, chief scientist of Yahoo, started working in collaboration  ...  This is also why we want several different kinds captchas: the more captchas that get broken, the more AI problems that get solved. Other Applications • Free Email Services.  ... 
doi:10.1145/966389.966390 fatcat:cz6sizmysrdb7dtgb2u6dz63dq

A Conversation on Racism and Computer Music

2021 array. the journal of the ICMA  
Everyone wants to charge so much money to teach me how to do it, and they talk in these huge words that I have no idea what they're saying.  ...  In its call for contributions to the Fall 2021 issue of Array Journal, the editors asked why the ICMA has so few members who identify as Black, given the considerable debt that the field of computer music  ...  Nobody wants to be tokenized. We want to be seen for what we do and put on the same playing field as everyone else.  ... 
doi:10.25370/array.v20213275 fatcat:nmqmvdkqancknct7ypjv2inesy

Affective Computing: From Laughter to IEEE

Rosalind W. Picard
2010 IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing  
Computing.  ...  This is an invited introduction to the first issue of the IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, telling personal stories and sharing viewpoints of a pioneer and visionary of the field of Affective  ...  We labored to build computer vision systems that could see like people see, and learned to build banks of filters, for example, that could detect high-contrast oriented regions and motions in ways that  ... 
doi:10.1109/t-affc.2010.10 fatcat:ow2v3j2asnajfifcgm32tiahfi

The Quest for the Thinking Computer [chapter]

Robert Epstein
2009 Parsing the Turing Test  
Again I do not know what the right answer is, but I think both approaches should be tried. "We can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done" (p. 460).  ...  We said no; we did not want to discourage submissions of programs with possible commercial value.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6710-5_1 fatcat:abs6v77whnbx7j625fc34y7c2u

When computers should remain computers: a qualitative look at the humanization of health care technology

Ramesh Farzanfar
2006 Health Informatics Journal  
Review of computer-generated outpatient health behavior interventions: clinical encounters 'in absentia'.  ...  12; 239 HEALTH INFORMATICS J Ramesh Farzanfar humanization of health care technology When computers should remain computers: a qualitative look at the This article describes users' responses to human-like  ...  The tone . . . made it come across as, "Well you know, I see that you want to exercise three times a week. Now, how are you gonna do that?" It sounded like my mother, you know.'  ... 
doi:10.1177/1460458206066663 pmid:17023411 fatcat:t762wzlvbvbzxevao36pfte2dm

Why we need fewer men in computer science

Mareike Lisker, Verena Irrgang
2021 Zenodo  
There have been calls for more women in computer science for decades, but so far nothing has changed. Therefore, we claim that it is time to invert the call: we need fewer men in computer science!  ...  And here's why.  ...  tl;dr We argue for the idea that we need fewer men in computer science.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4745987 fatcat:vzquc5m6x5bvnj6p7w4d2dg47i

Human Computation

Luis von Ahn
2008 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering  
CAPTCHAs take advantage of human processing power in order to differentiate humans from computers, an ability that has important applications in practice.  ...  These keywords can be used to significantly improve the accuracy of image search. People play the game not because they want to help, but because they enjoy it.  ...  Emulating Seekers in a convincing manner is more difficult. If a real player enters useless descriptions of the image, we do not want the emulated Seekers to find it.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icde.2008.4497403 dblp:conf/icde/Ahn08 fatcat:wikak24tpvawbiik7didtzej34

Human computation

Luis von Ahn
2009 Proceeding of the ACM International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval - CIVR '09  
CAPTCHAs take advantage of human processing power in order to differentiate humans from computers, an ability that has important applications in practice.  ...  These keywords can be used to significantly improve the accuracy of image search. People play the game not because they want to help, but because they enjoy it.  ...  Emulating Seekers in a convincing manner is more difficult. If a real player enters useless descriptions of the image, we do not want the emulated Seekers to find it.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1646396.1646398 dblp:conf/civr/Ahn09 fatcat:n2bx2ez4pnbc7psh4cjtb3hsva

Human computation

Luis von Ahn
2007 Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Knowledge capture - K-CAP '07  
CAPTCHAs take advantage of human processing power in order to differentiate humans from computers, an ability that has important applications in practice.  ...  These keywords can be used to significantly improve the accuracy of image search. People play the game not because they want to help, but because they enjoy it.  ...  Emulating Seekers in a convincing manner is more difficult. If a real player enters useless descriptions of the image, we do not want the emulated Seekers to find it.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1298406.1298408 dblp:conf/kcap/Ahn07 fatcat:jgaihkr2sjg5pkydkrqtppwcaa
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