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Who buys what, where: Reconstruction of the international trade flows by commodity and industry [chapter]

Yuichi Ikeda, Tsutomu Watanabe
2016 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
We developed a model to reconstruct the international trade network by considering both commodities and industry sectors in order to study the effects of reduced trade costs.  ...  We conducted community analysis for the reconstructed sector-specific trade network by type of commodities.  ...  The authors are grateful for helpful discussion and comments by H. Iyetomi (Niigata University), T. Mizuno (National Institute of Informatics), and T. Ohnishi (University of Tokyo).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-50901-3_52 fatcat:f4swyiy64jbifaznfiitea4wxu

The common agricultural policy—Where now?

Nick Butler
1984 Intereconomics. Review of European Economic Policy  
Extra subsidies and the restriction of internal trade will add to the surpluses and place on national governments the onus to support exports.  ...  As time passes, with the flows of funds to support agriculture off-setting the burden of net contributions and the trade advantages becoming more evident as the balance of payments problems now concealed  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02928303 fatcat:iw2lobmsvvbm7ibdkozafgapla

Where it All Began: Lending of Last Resort and the Bank of England During the Overend, Gurney Panic of 1866

Marc Flandreau, Stefano Ugolini
2011 Social Science Research Network  
The National Monetary Commission was deeply concerned with importing best practice. One important focus was the connection between the money market and international trade.  ...  It was said that Britain's lead in the market for "acceptances" originating in international trade was the basis of its sterling predominance.  ...  It was a mixed bag by nature: merchant bankers being heavily involved in international commodity trade, the line separating "traders" and "merchants" was thin.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1765893 fatcat:4eadiuivgnf33ekqh6di26ju5q

Where it All Began: Lending of Last Resort and the Bank of England During the Overend-Gurney Panic of 1866

Marc Flandreau, Stefano Ugolini
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Abstract The National Monetary Commission was deeply concerned with importing best practice. One important focus was the connection between the money market and international trade.  ...  It was said that Britain's lead in the market for "acceptances" originating in international trade was the basis of its sterling predominance.  ...  It was a mixed bag by nature: merchant bankers being heavily involved in international commodity trade, the line separating "traders" and "merchants" was thin.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1847593 fatcat:jktuunzl3zhrlnmmfh2xbysypq

Where Are the Chinese Cities Heading?

Jean-François Doulet
2008 China Perspectives  
We put forward three complementary approaches to understanding the main phenomena that structure the Chinese metropolis today and will mould it tomorrow: hypermodernity, contestation, and regulation.  ...  Metropolisation is essential to approaching the current changes in urban China.  ...  Like other international metropolises of the same rank, they live by the rhythms of international trade and information and communication networks. Chinese metropolises are emerging from the shadows.  ... 
doi:10.4000/chinaperspectives.4729 fatcat:org42towrngphlruzxl6is3whm

Between crisis and wars - where is the United States heading?

Rémy Herrera
2013 Journal of Innovation Economics & Management  
to prevent an increasingly large proportion of the population from being able to buy the commodities.  ...  At the international level, the objectives were to perpetuate the supremacy of the U.S. dollar over the world monetary system, maintaining flexible exchange rates, and to promote unrestricted trade by  ... 
doi:10.3917/jie.012.0151 fatcat:e5scbpuftzbjhe7ku2nfqjit4u

Climate Change and Poverty Reduction — Where Does Official Development Assistance Money Go?

Kaliappa P. Kalirajan, Kanhaiya Singh, Shandre M. Thangavelu, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi, Kumidini Perera
2011 Social Science Research Network  
The importance of private sector participation is highlighted by the magnitude of the investment needed to manage climate change, and the fact that market mechanisms seem to be more effective in addressing  ...  Climate change is not only a national phenomenon but also a global phenomenon that requires the participation of both the public and private sectors.  ...  ODA can also play a part in smoothing the macroeconomic effects of fluctuations in the price of commodities and the terms of trade, thereby reducing the vulnerability of developing countries to exogenous  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1955706 fatcat:r4rq2qks4rc6jenxbydvok4byi

Where Has All the Money Gone? Foreign Aid and the Composition of Government Spending

Santanu Chatterjee, Paola Giuliano, Ilker Kaya
2012 The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics  
The main predictions of the model are then tested using a panel dataset of 67 countries for 1972-2000.  ...  This paper examines fungibility as a possible explanation for the "missing link" between foreign aid and its e¤ectiveness.  ...  (ii) Creditor Reporting System (CRS) Database: The objective of the CRS Aid Activity database is to provide a set of readily available basic data that enables analysis on where aid goes, what purposes  ... 
doi:10.1515/1935-1690.2458 fatcat:dxlmclfpanhitcorpqpuvr43nq

Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time

Matthew W. Finkin, Marc Linder, Ingrid Nygaard
2000 Industrial & labor relations review  
3 6 -3 7 National W om ans Party (N W P), [82] [83] 85,[86][87] 88, 89, 101 National W om ens Trade Union League, 69 Nazi Germany, 148, 154  ...  the impact of their purchases on "how our fellow-men shall spend their time in making what we buy."  ...  in the United States and Europe was what Frederic Lee called "The New Science of Industrial Physiology," which between 1917 and 1920 was said to have 26 Void Where Prohibited Original from UNIVERSITY  ... 
doi:10.2307/2696089 fatcat:cw564mhrn5e3ti4fbyrxzqji5a

Store Owners that Offer "More" – Public Characters on Changing Karl-Marx-Straße [chapter]

Anna Steigemann
2019 The Places Where Community Is Practiced  
Ironically, while turning off many customers from these longer standing businesses with the vast reconstruction of the street and threatening owners and customers by contributing to the rising rents, the  ...  As local figures who constantly receive information via their customers and guests, they know about each other who is to be trusted and who not, who is defiant of the law and who upholds it, who is competent  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-658-25393-6_7 fatcat:whbvgcofnjakbkiw3h5irq2qai

'Where once Dannebrog1 waved for more than 200 years': Banal nationalism, narrative templates and post-colonial melancholia

Kirsten Thisted
2009 Review of Development and Change  
It was initiated as an international and cross-disciplinary project by the Tranquebar Initiative of the Danish National Museum and is planned to run until 2013.  ...  Much of the research was carried out in the rare books division of the Cambridge University Library (where the SPCK papers are housed), the British Library, the Francke Foundation,  ...  and international NGOs have engaged in social reconstruction in Tranquebar (Praxis, n.d.).  ... 
doi:10.1177/0972266120090109 fatcat:bqnygt3lbzbzdnto7tkxdrhvyq

Where is the Field? The Experience of Migration Viewed through the Prism of Ethnographic Fieldwork

Brigitte Bönisch-Brednich
2013 Folklore  
individuals navigating through dangerous territories, transit migrants in these spaces were also transformed into commodities where they were traded, bought, sold and distributed.  ...  I' d go to the public library once a week to get a fresh pile of books because buying them was considered a waste of money by Italian immigrants. Me: What did your hosts think of that?  ... 
doi:10.1080/0015587x.2013.817214 fatcat:thc4tf5h7jhp7dgecuexv6jnba

Page 136 of Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol. 72, Issue [page]

1944 Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  
World trade cannot be rebuilt simply by attempting to restore prewar flows of goods.  ...  Before the war, however, we were getting less than five per cent of our living by international trade.  ... 

Adam Smith on Monopoly Theory. Making good a lacuna

Neri Salvadori, Rodolfo Signorino
2014 Scottish Journal of Political Economy  
incorporated trade necessarily restrains the competition, in the town where it is established, to those who are free of the trade.  ...  It was the interest of the company, therefore, not only to sell the former as dear, and to buy the latter as cheap as possible, but to buy no more of the latter, even at this low price than what they could  ... 
doi:10.1111/sjpe.12040 fatcat:rvjxfwnz2bbirc7fi2kyde33ty

Order in Garment Markets

Patrik Aspers
2008 Acta Sociologica  
The purpose of this theoretical article is to analyse the social construction of order in two connected markets in the production flow of the global garment industry.  ...  In a market characterized by 'standard', the situation is the reverse: the commodity is a more entrenched social construction than the identity rankings of actors in the market.  ...  The processes of garment production and trade are embedded in international agreements, conventions and business culture. The legal aspects of trade, most notably the contract, exemplify this.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0001699308094165 fatcat:oxgdykxndzabrnvtywpnrgy63u
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