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Using simulation to assess undergraduate nursing students' competency with medication administration to a limited- English language proficiency patient

Mary Jo C Stanley, Lynn Philips, Ben Galatzan
2014 Journal of Nursing Education and Practice  
Students were not attentive to the language needs of the simulated patient and may require additional learning opportunities through simulation to assist students in responsive behaviors that support LEP  ...  Qualitative data was also collected during debriefing for questions specific to safety, medication administration, and barriers related to care.  ...  Analysis for this study was done using Excel to estimate the measurement error using a binomial distribution.  ... 
doi:10.5430/jnep.v4n5p29 fatcat:ejgdc56hlngudplrabwdkjgiva

An Augmented Framework for Formal Analysis of Safety Critical Systems

Monika Singh, V. K. Jain
2017 Journal of Software Engineering and Applications  
Two model driven approaches: Unified Modeling Language (UML) and Formal Methods are combined in proposed framework which enables the analysis, designing and testing safety properties of SCSs more rigorously  ...  This paper presents an augmented framework for analyzing Safety Critical Systems (SCSs) formally. Due to high risk of failure, development process of SCSs is required more attention.  ...  In other words, formal transformation of testing criteria [10] such as white box and black box is Simulation Results This section is divided into two parts: section 4.1 presents the formal model for  ... 
doi:10.4236/jsea.2017.108039 fatcat:wuf6kn26s5f2bope5o2esf36em

Online Monitoring Technology of Power Transformer based on Vibration Analysis

Junhong Meng, Maninder Singh, Manish Sharma, Daljeet Singh, Preet Kaur, Rajeev Kumar
2021 Journal of Intelligent Systems  
Traditionally, the EMD and EEMD algorithms are employed to test the box vibration signal data of the power transformer under three working conditions.  ...  The proposed method utilizes a partial EMD screening along with MPEEMD method for the online monitoring of power transformer.  ...  In the analysis of simple simulation signal, correlation coefficient and mean square error of IMFs screening were obtained by comparison algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jisys-2020-0112 fatcat:jgiqskroznbypo6r4a4ly6cuoi

Railway axle box bearing fault identification using LCD-MPE and ELM-AdaBoost

Dechen Yao, Jianwei Yang, Zhifen Pang, Chunmeng Nie, Fang Wen
2018 Journal of Vibroengineering  
Thus, the out-of-state identification for axle box bearings is paramount for the detection of hidden dangers, reducing the probability of accidents, ensuring the safety of rail transit, and reliable operation  ...  And from Fig. 1 , we can see that delay time has a little effect on the permutation entropy value of the Gaussian white noise.  ... 
doi:10.21595/jve.2017.18502 fatcat:jcorbobshffrrmrxgtjs57fdz4

Laser refractive eye surgery

A. Bastawrous, A. Silvester, M. Batterbury
2011 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
(C) Laser epithelial keratomileusis: as for photoreactive keratotomy except that the sheet of epithelium is preserved and replaced.  ...  (D) Laser assisted in situ keratomileusis: a hinged partial thickness corneal flap is cut by a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser, the flap is folded backwards, and the underlying stromal bed is ablated  ...  in every analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.d2345 pmid:21508060 fatcat:umxqusmsxrbsvbde2pyz6la6aa

Creating and Validating Embedded Assertion Statecharts

Doron Drusinsky, Man-Tak Shing, Kadir Alpaslan Demir
2007 IEEE Distributed Systems Online  
systems. 7 Although statecharts can effectively specify what a system should do (positive information), they're generally less effective for specifying safety requirements (that is, negative information  ...  of REM's ability to scale and its support for temporal assertions that include real-time and time-series constraints. 5 System designers often use Harel statecharts for design analysis and implementation  ...  The CARA statechart design The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research developed the safety-critical computer-assisted resuscitation algorithm software to improve life support for trauma cases and military  ... 
doi:10.1109/mdso.2007.25 fatcat:5g5thmyljrbfnhf5hl2k4he4qa

Supporting DNN Safety Analysis and Retraining through Heatmap-based Unsupervised Learning [article]

Hazem Fahmy, Fabrizio Pastore, Mojtaba Bagherzadeh, Lionel Briand
2021 arXiv   pre-print
HUDD was able to identify all the distinct root causes of DNN errors, thus supporting safety analysis.  ...  but may, however, remain unnoticed; (2) characterizing such high-risk scenarios is critical for safety analysis; (3) retraining DNNs to address these risks is poorly supported when causes of violations  ...  They include black-box [17] , [18] and white-box approaches [10] , [7] , [19] , [20] , [21] .  ... 
arXiv:2002.00863v4 fatcat:flsmhjljm5hnjazq2n2uq42gwy

Vehicle Safety-Assisted Driving Technology Based on Computer Artificial Intelligence Environment

Haibo Yan, Rahim Khan
2022 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
In this paper, we propose an assisted driving system implemented with a Jetson nano-high-performance embedded platform by using machine vision and deep learning technologies.  ...  behavioral decision algorithm based on finite state machine reasonably transforms the driving state according to the environmental changes, realizes the following of the target vehicle speed, and can take effective  ...  Analysis of Automobile Safety-Assisted Driving Technology in the Artificial Intelligence Environment Artificial Intelligence Driving Technology Algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/4390394 pmid:35761870 pmcid:PMC9233616 fatcat:mdqxdf3nyneb7nvfh2spblp2a4

Robots Enact Malignant Stereotypes [article]

Andrew Hundt, William Agnew, Vicky Zeng, Severin Kacianka, Matthew Gombolay
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our interdisciplinary sociotechnical analysis synthesizes across fields and applications such as Science Technology and Society (STS), Critical Studies, History, Safety, Robotics, and AI.  ...  CLIP) that contain humans risk physically amplifying malignant stereotypes in general; and that merely correcting disparities will be insufficient for the complexity and scale of the problem.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Abeba Birhane for input on very early plans that led to this paper. Thanks to Gregory D. Hager for the use of compute resources.  ... 
arXiv:2207.11569v1 fatcat:brghxmr3mjhvdpxw3qlwxdw7mm

Survey on Testing of Autonomous Driving Systems

Wenjie Chen, Zeyu Ma, Chao Wang, Mingang Chen, Lizhi Cai
2021 Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference  
This paper first proposes the general process of autonomous driving system testing, and then summarizes the research progress of autonomous driving vehicle testing from the model, simulation, network,  ...  safety technology.  ...  Yoshiyasu Takefuji listed several cybersecurity incidents, such as white hat hackers stopped the engine of a car on the highway through a remote man-in-the-middle attack in 2015; Ford car's parking assistance  ... 
dblp:conf/apsec/ChenMWCC21 fatcat:ndzze62phrggvl7otmhbldwqmy

Comparison Objective Structured Assessment of Camera Navigation Skills Score—Pre- and Post-training Intervention

Hariyono Winarto, Kade Yudi Saspriyana, Aria Kekalih
2020 World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery with DVD  
Data analysis used paired-t test. Results: There were significant increasing OSA CNS score after camera navigation training used pelvic box.  ...  Clinical significance: Camera navigation training used pelvic box is a critical component for teaching safe endoscopic practices in our Ob/Gyn residency training program.  ...  It can appear overwhelming for a surgical novice to assist during surgery for the first time, and the unfamiliar environment can assumedly compromise focus on the role as an assistant. 9 In our study  ... 
doi:10.5005/jp-journals-10033-1405 fatcat:nt4l7ghcxfavvhrs35r5fhioqu

Population Pharmacokinetic And Exposure–Response Analyses Of Intravenous And Subcutaneous Rituximab In Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Ekaterina Gibiansky, Leonid Gibiansky, Clarisse Chavanne, Nicolas Frey, Candice Jamois
2021 CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology  
Main covariates influencing exposure were body size and baseline white blood cell count. Occurrence of adverse events was not correlated with rituximab exposure.  ...  Fixed-dose subcutaneous rituximab delivers non-inferior serum trough concentrations (Ctrough ), ensuring similar target saturation and comparable efficacy/safety to intravenous rituximab, but with simplified  ...  Support for third-party writing assistance for this manuscript was provided by Lynda McEvoy, Ashfield MedComms, UK, funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.  ... 
doi:10.1002/psp4.12665 pmid:34110098 pmcid:PMC8376135 fatcat:o5ougchlurejtmuixzca2xyxkq

EEG-based decoding of error-related brain activity in a real-world driving task

H Zhang, R Chavarriaga, Z Khaliliardali, L Gheorghe, I Iturrate, J d R Millán
2015 Journal of Neural Engineering  
The results were significantly higher than chance level for all cases. Online experiments led to equivalent performances in both simulated and real car driving experiments.  ...  The current study presents an EEG-based BCI that decodes error-related brain activity.  ...  ., under the Research on Brain Machine Interface for Drivers project. H.Z. was partially supported by the Hasler foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1741-2560/12/6/066028 pmid:26595103 fatcat:wf7uz3mg5zcu3ca42qzzfugtgu

Measuring driver responses at railway level crossings

Li-Sian Tey, Luis Ferreira, Angela Wallace
2011 Accident Analysis and Prevention  
The field results were consistent with the simulator results for the existing conventional warning devices and hence they may be used to calibrate the simulator for further evaluation of alternative warning  ...  Railway level crossings are amongst the most complex of road safety control systems, due to the conflicts between road vehicles and rail infrastructure, trains and train operations.  ...  Li-Sian Tey acknowledges financial assistance of the Malaysia Higher Education Scholarship.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aap.2011.06.003 pmid:21819844 fatcat:zmawxqat25bkhlzls4jlx4umyy

Black-box Safety Analysis and Retraining of DNNs based on Feature Extraction and Clustering [article]

Mohammed Oualid Attaoui, Hazem Fahmy, Fabrizio Pastore, Lionel Briand
2022 arXiv   pre-print
., self driving cars), there is limited progress regarding automated support for functional safety analysis in DNN-based systems.  ...  For example, the identification of root causes of errors, to enable both risk analysis and DNN retraining, remains an open problem.  ...  They include black-box [7, 53] and white-box approaches [48, 61, 65, 79, 85] . Black-box approaches generate heatmaps for the input layer and do not provide insights regarding internal DNN layers.  ... 
arXiv:2201.05077v3 fatcat:ucfpcnbm4ngpdlbkoemsxfxor4
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