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White on black: a white-box-oriented approach for selecting black box-generated test cases

T.Y. Chen, P.L. Poon, S.F. Tang, Y.T. Yu
Proceedings First Asia-Pacific Conference on Quality Software  
We propose the use of white box criteria to select test cases from the initial black-box-generated test suite.  ...  This paper addresses the problem of selecting a subset of test cases from such a test suite.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors wish to thank Tina Fung and Candy Ng €or helping to conduct the case study described in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/apaq.2000.883801 dblp:conf/apaqs/ChenPTY00 fatcat:y35vz2ihorcwfaauqu3l4dxrau

In black and white: an integrated approach to class-level testing of object-oriented programs

Huo Yan Chen, T. H. Tse, F. T. Chan, T. Y. Chen
1998 ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology  
We propose in this paper a methodology to integrate the black-and white-box techniques. The black-box technique is used to select test cases.  ...  Because of the growing importance of object-oriented programming, a number of testing strategies have been proposed. They are based either on pure black-box or white-box techniques.  ...  We also greatly appreciate the anonymous referees for their invaluable comments, questions, and suggestions, which lead our paper to a greater depth. Special thanks are due to Mr.  ... 
doi:10.1145/287000.287004 fatcat:kctmqdwau5ewznupagie3trmma

KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION IN THE RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE WHITE BOX PRINCIPLE

Serhii Chalyi, Volodymyr Leshchynskyi
2019 Advanced Information Systems  
A model for representing knowledge in a recommendation system according to the principle of a white box is proposed.  ...  The key features of the processes of forming recommendations on the principles of black and white boxes based on the use of the knowledge base are highlighted.  ...  Apply black and white box principles when building recommendations based on the use of a knowledge base Restrictions used to build knowledge-oriented recommendations may take into account the context of  ... 
doi:10.20998/2522-9052.2019.3.12 fatcat:mvndslzdcze4rfjtotblsocpoq

The instructional effect of coding (color and black and white) on information acquisition and retrieval

Richard J. Lamberski, Francis M. Dwyer
1983 ECTJ  
black/white instructional and black/white testing materials (Treatment 4).  ...  Similarly, students who receive the black and white coded instructional booklets and are evaluated by black and white coded tests will achieve a signifi- cantly greater mean test score for im- mediate  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02765207 fatcat:fcro3dsedrbr7fgtaocnwjhppi

Representation inheritance: a safe form of "White box" code inheritance

S.H. Edwards
1997 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  
There are two approaches to using code inheritance for defining new component implementations in terms of existing implementations.  ...  Alternatively, white box code inheritance allows subclasses to have direct access to superclass implementation details, which may be necessary for the efficiency of some subclass operations and to prevent  ...  all necessary points during testing. 2) Expand white box testing techniques to generate test cases that stress these run-time checks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/32.585498 fatcat:kwzxn7duufeblf6e46dy6oqptm

Representation inheritance: a safe form of "white box" code inheritance

S.H. Edwards
1996 Proceedings of Fourth IEEE International Conference on Software Reuse ICSR-96  
There are two approaches to using code inheritance for defining new component implementations in terms of existing implementations.  ...  Alternatively, white box code inheritance allows subclasses to have direct access to superclass implementation details, which may be necessary for the efficiency of some subclass operations and to prevent  ...  all necessary points during testing. 2) Expand white box testing techniques to generate test cases that stress these run-time checks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsr.1996.496127 dblp:conf/icsr/Edwards96 fatcat:2ve3gnes7jdifpiffcxqxbh3uq

Black-box testing using flowgraphs: an experimental assessment of effectiveness and automation potential

Stephen H. Edwards
2000 Software testing, verification & reliability  
The approach focuses on generating a flowgraph from a component's specification and applying analogues of white-box strategies to it.  ...  A black-box testing strategy based on Zweben et al.'s specification-based test data adequacy criteria is explored.  ...  The Flowgraph Approach There are a number of strategies for generating black-box test data from a component's behavioral description [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1002/1099-1689(200012)10:4<249::aid-stvr215>3.0.co;2-c fatcat:7wus47ldjveflj3mljrespcozm

White-box testing for database-driven applications

Klaus Haller
2009 Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Testing Database Systems - DBTest '09  
Starting with a generic testing process, we analyze for each process step whether and, if so, which adoptions are needed, and redefine the concepts of test cases and coverage.  ...  White-box testing is an important part of every software testing and quality assurance strategy.  ...  The author would like to thank Michael Mlivoncic for the valuable discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1594156.1594172 dblp:conf/sigmod/Haller09 fatcat:5e6cuetjxnbh7pwweuutwe6sqa

Black-Box Modeling of Digital Devices [chapter]

I. S. Stievano, I. A. Maio, F. G. Canavero
2000 Interconnects in VLSI Design  
Black-box identification methods based on I/O data may offer a useful systematic approach to build such models.  ...  Black-box identification could be used for both the modeling of unknown components and for the refinement or the simplification of existing models.  ...  Although this study is a preliminary one, results obtained clearly show the potential of the NARX black-box approach for the SI/EMC oriented modeling of digital devices. dynamic order and the nonlinear  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-4349-7_8 fatcat:aocu6eqtuzestnasnfzxlll53e

Test Case Design using Black Box Testing Techniques for Data Mart

Payal Pahwa, Renu Miglani
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
We have explored black box techniques to select test cases as they have systematic approach to uncover a great number of errors.  ...  In our paper we have discussed black box and white box testing techniques concerning Data Mart in brief.  ...  Two most common techniques are White-box and Black-box testing techniques.  ... 
doi:10.5120/19169-0636 fatcat:wnntdgww6zhwzhafnhwd5wpkzy

Automated separation of diffusely abnormal white matter from focal white matter lesions on MRI in multiple sclerosis

Josefina Maranzano, Mahsa Dadar, Maryna Zhernovaia, Douglas L. Arnold, D. Louis Collins, Sridar Narayanan
2020 NeuroImage  
Paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-ranked test assessed FWML and DAWM differences between manual and automatically derived volumes.  ...  These two categories of white matter T2-weighted (T2w) hyperintensity show different degrees of demyelination, axonal loss and immune cell density on histopathology, potentially offering distinct correlations  ...  The red box shows a typical focal lesion. The green box shows a focal lesion evolving into a black hole, as reflected by the lower central intensity on FLAIR.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116690 pmid:32119987 fatcat:swwlyzqgynd4ff7ovvew5ggbdi

Race, Charter Schools, and Conscious Capitalism: On the Spatial Politics of Whiteness as Property (and the Unconscionable Assault on Black New Orleans)

Kristen Buras
2011 Harvard Educational Review  
More specifically, Buras draws on the critical theories of whiteness as property, accumulation by dispossession, and urban space economy to describe the strategic assault on black communities by education  ...  She challenges the market-based reforms currently offered as a panacea for education in New Orleans, particularly charter schools, and instead offers principles of educational reform rooted in a more democratic  ...  For example, the institute generated a series of white papers on models of educational management (Cowen, 2009a (Cowen, , 2009b (Cowen, , 2009c .  ... 
doi:10.17763/haer.81.2.6l42343qqw360j03 fatcat:5gixsamjfvdajmlx6mzqyw5y6y

Tag-Based Techniques for Black-Box Test Case Prioritization for Service Testing

Lijun Mei, W. K. Chan, T. H. Tse, Robert G. Merkel
2009 2009 Ninth International Conference on Quality Software  
The rich interface specifications of a web service, however, provide peer services with a means to formulate black-box testing strategies.  ...  In this paper, we formulate new test case prioritization strategies using tags embedded in XML messages to reorder regression test cases, and reveal how the test cases use the interface specifications  ...  It is well known, however, that black-box testing is generally less effective than white-box testing. Can the richness of WSDL documents help to narrow this gap?  ... 
doi:10.1109/qsic.2009.12 dblp:conf/qsic/MeiCTM09 fatcat:banlzbxwvbb45l2wsphs7oedce

A survey of black-box modernization approaches for information systems

Comella-Dorda, Wallnau, Seacord, Robert
2000 Proceedings International Conference on Software Maintenance ICSM-94  
This general overview enables engineers performing legacy system modernization to preselect a subset of applicable modernization techniques for further evaluation.  ...  Unfortunately, repeated modification has a cumulative effect on system complexity, and the rapid evolution of technology quickly renders existing technologies obsolete.  ...  There are different approaches to the modernization of legacy assets including reengineering (white-box) and wrapping (black-box).  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsm.2000.883039 dblp:conf/icsm/Comella-DordaWSR00 fatcat:mrff5jkwvvf4vbtg7e5tdisu6q

On the suitability of black-box performance monitoring for SLA-driven cloud provisioning scenarios

Arnaud Schoonjans, Dimitri Van Landuyt, Bert Lagaisse, Wouter Joosen
2015 Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Adaptive and Reflective Middleware - ARM 2015  
We perform an experiment in which we apply both white-box (e.g., CPU usage, load, etc.) and black-box instrumentation (e.g., latency of operations, amount of failed operations, etc.) in a realistic case  ...  In practice, cloud provisioning is commonly based on white-box monitoring.  ...  ), a research institute founded by the Flemish Government.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2834965.2834971 dblp:conf/middleware/SchoonjansLLJ15 fatcat:6gx7flvip5g77ibhle56fg23gu
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