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White, man, and highly followed

Johnnatan Messias, Pantelis Vikatos, Fabrício Benevenuto
2017 Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Intelligence - WI '17  
We quantify to what extent one group follow and interact with each other and the extent to which these connections and interactions reflect in inequalities in Twitter.  ...  In this paper, we attempt to identify gender and race of Twitter users located in U.S. using advanced image processing algorithms from Face++.  ...  Also, this research was supported by the European Commission in the framework of Erasmus Mundus mobillity programme IBRASIL.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3106426.3106472 dblp:conf/webi/MessiasVB17 fatcat:xsxyxh2eojf73now4zimsrobtq

Characterizing Interconnections and Linguistic Patterns in Twitter [article]

Johnnatan Messias
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We quantify to what extent one group follows and interacts with each other and the extent to which these connections and interactions reflect in inequalities in Twitter.  ...  Our analysis shows that users identified as white and male tend to attain higher positions, in terms of the number of followers and number of times in another user's lists, in Twitter.  ...  White, Man, and Highly Followed: Gender and Race Inequalities in Twitter.  ... 
arXiv:1804.00084v1 fatcat:pjwacsyxgrc3hnm7gtyl2dlpaa

Views of sexual assault following #MeToo: The role of gender and individual differences

Hanna Szekeres, Eric Shuman, Tamar Saguy
2020 Personality and Individual Differences  
In order to raise awareness to the prevalence of sexual harassment and assault, actress Alyssa Milano posted the term "Me Too" as a hashtag on Twitter in October 2017.  ...  Measures Participants were asked demographic questions, such as their age, race/ethnicity, and gender (Male/Female/Other).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.paid.2020.110203 fatcat:blsxtkog2jc4jnugydlv3h5nwi

Urban Social Media Demographics: An Exploration of Twitter Use in Major American Cities

Dhiraj Murthy, Alexander Gross, Alexander Pensavalle
2015 Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication  
Given recent events in American political life such as the shooting in Ferguson, Missouri and the reactions by young, urban African Americans on Twitter, understanding the role of race, place, gender,  ...  This article explores intersections between place, race/ethnicity, and gender amongst American Twitter users and makes an argument that studying the intensity of tweets provides insights into how and why  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the three anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and to Ella McPherson and the University of Cambridge R(w)SM Group for comments on an earlier version  ... 
doi:10.1111/jcc4.12144 fatcat:kvylyh62bjhwleihci76hzxjs4

#BBQBecky & #PermitPatty: African-American Humor & Resistive Discourse on Twitter

Eric Dunning
2020 Studies in Linguistics and Literature  
It has served and both balm and weapon for a cultural group that has often found itself on the outside looking in, while being punished for being in that position.  ...  Social media, Twitter especially, has removed the barriers of production and gatekeeping of humor.  ...  blacks or whites to highlight racial inequity supported by the state, (2) whiteness is a social, political and economic weapon, (3) white women, especially, weaponize their race and gender to garner support  ... 
doi:10.22158/sll.v4n2p33 fatcat:bdtpztcrabfmhgqqhgkdp3pleu

Attachment to Pets Moderates Transitions in Latent Patterns of Mental Health Following the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of a Survey of U.S. Adults

Shelby E. McDonald, Kelly E. O'Connor, Angela Matijczak, Camie A. Tomlinson, Jennifer W. Applebaum, Jennifer L. Murphy, Barbara A. Zsembik
2021 Animals  
This cross-sectional study examined whether, and to what extent, attachment to pets was associated with changes in latent patterns of adults' perceived mental health symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic  ...  Among individuals in the moderate and high symptoms subgroups, those who reported high attachment to pets generally had greater odds of transitioning to a less severe symptom profile (OR = 2.12) over time  ...  Acknowledgments: Thanks to Laura Booth for her assistance in the creation of and recruitment for this survey.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani11030895 pmid:33801041 fatcat:ug7x5m2xzvedje3dlmv6cb4uga

Making a Microaggression: Using Big Data and Qualitative Analysis to Map the Reproduction and Disruption of Microaggressions through Social Media

Rob Eschmann, Jacob Groshek, Rachel Chanderdatt, Khea Chang, Maysa Whyte
2020 Social Media + Society  
Here, we find both a drastic increase in the usage of the term microaggression on Twitter over time and an intense contestation over its meaning and repercussions for both individuals and society.  ...  Drawing on a dataset of 254,964 tweets over an 8-year period, we present and examine trends in the usage of the term "microaggressions" over time.  ...  In the following tweets, users question the existence of microaggressions: (26): Please take a good look at the list below:-cultural appropriation-microaggressions-white privilege-nonbinary genders-gender  ... 
doi:10.1177/2056305120975716 fatcat:haps3hhgwvar3fqijyyr7eer2u

The @UFC and third wave feminism? Who woulda thought? Gender, fighters, and framing on Twitter

Allyson Quinney
2016 Martial Arts Studies  
In addition, media representations of gender issues in the UFC fail to examine particular issues, such as cis normativity, heteronormativity, and class.  ...  My research focused on how female fighters have been framed on Twitter through a discourse about feminism and the UFC.  ...  As I pointed out in the previous section about gender and race in the UFC, while the majority of female fighters in the UFC are white, there is a large number of Latina women in the fight league, as well  ... 
doi:10.18573/j.2016.10063 fatcat:m7xdvpkohva6lcnthkb7hk7vlu

At the Digital Margins? A Theoretical Examination of Social Media Engagement Using Intersectional Feminism

Charlotte Galpin
2022 Politics and Governance  
Using Nancy Fraser's feminist critique of Habermas' public sphere theory and Kimberlé Crenshaw's theory of intersectionality, this article explores patterns of gender and racial inequalities in the digital  ...  By analysing both the role of racist and misogynistic online abuse targeted at women, nonbinary, agender, and gender-variant people in public life, as well as the opportunities for marginalised groups  ...  Acknowledgments Many thanks to Tara Windsor, Fran Amery, and Patrick Vernon for alerting me to some of the sources used in this article, to the POLSIS Writing Group for facilitating the development of  ... 
doi:10.17645/pag.v10i1.4801 fatcat:ewwg2lrs3jd45kc5hwd3v3xlm4

Becomings or fixity?

Ann Phoenix
2021 International Review of Theoretical Psychologies  
It also briefly discusses insider resistance to ideological fixity that reproduces and amplifies social inequalities of, for example, racialisation, gender and social class.  ...  The paper then considers three examples of measurements that reproduce unequal power relations by fixing inequalities in their assumptions, even though they exemplify social acceleration.  ...  In the first image, Mr McConnell, a white man, was at the top of the photo, and in the second image, Barack Obama, a black man, was at the top of the photo.  ... 
doi:10.7146/irtp.v1i2.127970 fatcat:j7hfqgj3tbc6hnpxqye3hjsvqy

Diagnosing Gender Bias in Image Recognition Systems

Carsten Schwemmer, Carly Knight, Emily D. Bello-Pardo, Stan Oklobdzija, Martijn Schoonvelde, Jeffrey W. Lockhart
2020 Socius Sociological Research for a Dynamic World  
In this article, we evaluate potential gender biases of commercial image recognition platforms using photographs of U.S. members of Congress and a large number of Twitter images posted by these politicians  ...  We discuss how encoded biases such as these affect the visibility of women, reinforce harmful gender stereotypes, and limit the validity of the insights that can be gathered from such data.  ...  Funding The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: We thank the Summer Institute in Computational Social Science  ... 
doi:10.1177/2378023120967171 fatcat:dhayiwm3nnfjbikw6wtt3ktvhm

What makes professors appear credible: The effect of demographic characteristics and ideological beliefs

Luke (Lei) Zhu, Karl Aquino, Abhijeet K. Vadera
2016 Journal of Applied Psychology  
We dummy coded researcher race (0 ϭ Black, 1 ϭ White) and gender (0 ϭ woman, 1 ϭ man) and entered participant race and gender in Step 1; researcher race, gender, and SDO (centered) in Step 2; Researcher  ...  We entered participant race and participant gender in Step 1 and researcher race (dummy coded, 0 ϭ Asian, 1 ϭ White), researcher gender (dummy coded, 0 ϭ woman, 1 ϭ man), and SDO (centered) in Step 2.  ... 
doi:10.1037/apl0000095 pmid:26949817 fatcat:2rd2kd5upzhfdhynnwaazzjtay

Gendered (in)visibility in digital media contexts

Claudia Wilhelm
2021 Studies in Communication Sciences (SComS)  
In digital media environments, gendered inequalities can be observed on the level of representation and participation in online discussions and digital communities as well as regarding the prevalence of  ...  gender norms in self-presentations, and power relations in social interactions.  ...  Besides race, class, religion, ethnic origin, ability and age, gen der is deemed to be one relevant category to describe inequalities in digital visibility comprising the following subdimensions (Thompson  ... 
doi:10.24434/j.scoms.2021.01.007 doaj:d67650a9bec545d49237eeac7fd3f021 fatcat:l52pp7rjufhhbbikz6kozsrmfm

"My Brain Database Doesn't See Skin Color"

Jessie Daniels
2015 American Behavioral Scientist  
Within each of these domains, color-blind ideology contributes to the reproduction of racial inequality that, in turn, (re)shapes the Internet as fantasy, technology, and theory.  ...  identity' that inheres exclusively in people of color but that leaves the way race is embedded in structures, industry, and the very idea of the Internet largely unexamined.  ...  These inequalities are often also resisted in important ways by and through networks based on race, class and gender.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0002764215578728 fatcat:edyaytzi3jcjbi36kpwzgqcc5m

Gender of the Interface

Jordan Kraemer
2021 Catalyst Feminism Theory Technoscience  
, white, and middle class.  ...  For many cosmopolitan urban Germans and Europeans in Berlin in the late 2000s, social media platforms were a site where gender and class were enacted through articulations of emergent nerd masculinity  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship at Wesleyan University's Center for the Humanities and a DAAD Graduate Fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.28968/cftt.v7i2.34734 fatcat:k2vyjkis4ng5dimarruwcf4eja
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