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Gender Roles, Gender (In)equality and Fertility: An Empirical Test of Five Gender Equity Indices

Melinda Mills
2010 Canadian Studies in Population  
The paper then tests how five of these indices impact fertility intentions and behaviour using a series of multilevel (random-coefficient) logistic regression models, applying the European Social Survey  ...  The EU-GEI, which focuses on the universal caregiver model, uncovers that more equity significantly lowers fertility intentions, but only for women.  ...  Acknowledgement Responsibility for any errors rests with the author. _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ __________________________________  ... 
doi:10.25336/p6131q fatcat:mrriarccvbcsbm35yipieqsghe

An Empirical Study of Graph Grammar Evolution [chapter]

Martin Luerssen, David Powers
2009 Evolutionary Computation  
When matching labels, we thus restrict ourselves to a specific scope for each label type.  ...  Table 1 . 1 Description and default parameters for all experimental problem tasks. www.intechopen.com www.intechopen.com Evolutionary Computation www.intechopen.com An Empirical Study of Graph  ... 
doi:10.5772/9614 fatcat:f4ct3vcibjg67lyyb3cy5q7um4

An Empirical Study of Mobile Ad Targeting [article]

Theodore Book, Dan S. Wallach
2015 arXiv   pre-print
While ad targeting on the web is fairly well understood, mobile ad targeting is much less studied.  ...  In this paper, we use empirical methods to collect a database of over 225,000 ads on 32 simulated devices hosting one of three distinct user profiles.  ...  the type of data collected, but is an intrinsic characteristic of the collection of large user datasets [10] .  ... 
arXiv:1502.06577v1 fatcat:zpkwt7hxx5hptkqmgqxi5rygiq

An empirical study of pretrained representations for few-shot classification [article]

Tiago Ramalho, Thierry Sousbie, Stefano Peluchetti
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We test their representations when used as the starting point for different few-shot classification algorithms.  ...  In this paper we systematically investigate which models provide the best representations for a few-shot image classification task when pretrained on the Imagenet dataset.  ...  We also found that some best practices on few-shot classification do not transfer to the use of pretrained models (e.g. we find that the cosine similarity provides better performance than L 2 distance,  ... 
arXiv:1910.01319v1 fatcat:nfakdbmnwjc5lo3pwzvgtax4ty

USEFULNESS OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INTERNAL AUDITS. LESSONS FROM AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

José Carlos Prado, Arturo J. Fernández-González
2008 Faces: Revista de Administração  
In an intermediate situation (4.03) lies the use of internal audits carried out with exclusively external personnel, which is better in results than that of exclusively in-house personnel and slightly  ...  THE EMPIRICAL STUDY.  ...  of the companies (which demonstrates their potential to help in improvement), they can be improved upon if the weaknesses observed are gradually corrected. >  ... 
doaj:1854afb92c6a41b4b3e9b81d191a550f fatcat:soj6jibr4fdqvkvrelrhtlkysa

The Impact of Hole Geometry on Relative Robustness of In-Painting Networks: An Empirical Study [article]

Masood S. Mortazavi, Ning Yan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We develop an experimental methodology for testing and evaluating relative robustness of in-painting networks against four different kinds of hole geometry PDFs.  ...  The empirical work reported here is an initial step in a broader and deeper investigation of "filling the blank" neural networks' sensitivity, robustness and regularization with respect to hole "geometry  ...  and better settle any of these hypothesis from an empirical point of view.  ... 
arXiv:2003.02314v1 fatcat:fpr6txlpyncjtlojgpkjk4xqve

An Empirical Study on the Intrinsic Privacy of SGD [article]

Stephanie L. Hyland, Shruti Tople
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We conduct a large-scale empirical study to examine this question.  ...  By casting convex SGD as a Gaussian mechanism, we then estimate an 'intrinsic' data-dependent ϵ_i(𝒟), finding values as low as 6.3, dropping to 1.9 using empirical estimates.  ...  To explicitly test for the impact of the random seed, we consider two types of adversarial setting: 1.  ... 
arXiv:1912.02919v4 fatcat:hnbg2tuq6vc2lf666jddcs6obe

Ethnicity and Conflict: An Empirical Study

Joan Esteban, Laura Mayoral, Debraj Ray
2012 The American Economic Review  
The analysis relies on a theoretical model of conflict (Esteban and Ray, 2010) in which equilibrium conflict is shown to be accurately described by a linear function of just three distributional indices  ...  Our results show that ethnic polarization is a highly significant correlate of conflict. Fractionalization is also significant in some of the statistical exercises, but the Gini coefficient never is.  ...  There is an additional reason for using a fully-developed model, which is that it assists us in the specification and interpretation of an empirical relationship.  ... 
doi:10.1257/aer.102.4.1310 fatcat:4wdpbeoqajdfdjaeg52ru2k57a

/r/-liaison in English: An empirical study

Jose Mompeán-Gonzalez, Pilar Mompeán-Guillamón
2009 Cognitive Linguistics  
The paper argues that a thorough understanding of the phenomenon of /r/-liaison requires an analysis of the di¤erent aspects that condition its use and the use of empirical methods to study it.  ...  This article presents the results of an empirical study on the phenomenon of /r/-liaison (i.e., linking /r/ and intrusive /r/) in non-rhotic English from the perspective of usage-based Cognitive Linguistics  ...  Given the few empirical studies available on /r/-liaison usage, the aim of the present study is to provide more empirical evidence and gain a better understanding of /r/-liaison in non-rhotic English,  ... 
doi:10.1515/cogl.2009.031 fatcat:7akswoc2nreb7bm6sxpuhl4xtu

Breathing ontological knowledge into feature model synthesis: an empirical study

Guillaume Bécan, Mathieu Acher, Benoit Baudry, Sana Ben Nasr
2015 Empirical Software Engineering  
As the role of the user is crucial, we empirically analyze the strengths and weaknesses of heuristics for computing ranking lists and different kinds of clusters.  ...  As the manual construction of an FM is time-consuming and error-prone, management operations have been developed for reverse engineering, merging, slicing, or refactoring FMs from a set of configurations  ...  We perform an empirical evaluation on 156 sets of dependencies for which we have a ground truth FM.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10664-014-9357-1 fatcat:zyu3s5oyinb65ff3ryhi6jxh34

POLITICAL IDEOLOGY AND ENDOGENOUS TRADE POLICY: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION [chapter]

Pushan Dutt, Devashish Mitra
2016 World Scientific Studies in International Economics  
There is some evidence, that this relationship may hold better in democracies than in dictatorships though the magnitude of the partisan effect seems stronger in dictatorships.  ...  In this paper, we empirically investigate how government ideology affects trade policy.  ...  The classi¯cation terminology is borrowed from Rodrik (1995) to which the interested reader is referred for an excellent and comprehensive survey of the theoretical and empirical literature on the political  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814569156_0005 fatcat:hamecz7xrza3pcrquopn6mbmxa

Political participation and procedural utility: An empirical study

ALOIS STUTZER, BRUNO S. FREY
2006 European Journal of Political Research  
The authors study political participation possibilities as an important source of procedural utility.  ...  Utility is assumed to be measurable by individually reported subjective well-being. As an additional indicator for procedural utility, reported belief in political influence is analyzed.  ...  Index for political participation possibilities in Swiss cantons Political participation possibilities are measured here in terms of direct democratic participation rights.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2006.00303.x fatcat:w3eply5tfvaijm4rmnglakyxdq

An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information

Sara Fisher Ellison, Christopher M. Snyder
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Abstract We study competition among a score of firms participating in an online market for a commodity computer component.  ...  Using separate estimates of the pricing model for groups of related firms, we simulate counterfactuals involving different mixes of these groups. JEL-Code: L110, C730, D210, L810.  ...  The likelihood-ratio test statistic, which has a χ 2 distribution with three degrees of freedom under the null, is 83.9, allowing rejection of the null of exclusion at better than the 1% level.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1907937 fatcat:xbboq2l4wzd6xa2emeueetzxxa

Do Mobile Phones Help Expand Social Capital? An Empirical Case Study

Alain Shema, Martha Garcia-Murillo
2020 Social Inclusion  
We found that people's calling patterns significantly correlated with the income level of their region, which also dictated the destinations of their calls, with middle-income regions acting as a link  ...  From these results, we propose a framework for understanding the role of mobile phones in the development of social capital.  ...  However, these strong ties can also lead to self-segregation, resulting in social exclusion, which can restrict access to resources not available within close social circles.  ... 
doi:10.17645/si.v8i2.2592 fatcat:cpea4wwdbbb3ffeavdlaowwn4y

Tweeting Over The Border: An Empirical Study of Transnational Migration in San Diego and Tijuana [article]

Victor R. Martinez, Antonio Mancilla, Victor M. Gonzalez
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Sociological studies on transnational migration are often based on surveys or interviews, an expensive and time consuming approach.  ...  These results show the potential for re analysing sociology phenomena from a technology based empirical perspective.  ...  In this work, we leverage geo-located information obtained from Twitter to provide an empirical basis in which to test for the existence of a sociological construct.  ... 
arXiv:1507.05989v1 fatcat:wqgktm3skba2xfhmpjoqbp7w2a
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