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Self-control during daily work activities and work-to-nonwork conflict

Michael E. Clinton, Neil Conway, Jane Sturges, Rebecca Hewett
2020 Journal of Vocational Behavior  
We find, at the within-person level, that the extent that work activities performed that day require selfcontrol explains variance in work-to-nonwork conflict, beyond the effects of work hours and mediated  ...  We argue that because functional nonwork behavior requires continued self-control after work, occurrences of work-to-nonwork conflict will be more likely when one's limited self-control resources are expended  ...  While self-controlled work activities later in the day were more predictive of work-to-nonwork conflict than those earlier in the day, counter to our hypothesis these stronger effects could not be explained  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2020.103410 fatcat:rfkdw7fmtjfuzniuojpmb22ucq

Work based learning

Kieran Walsh
2005 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
For example, in a six-hour module, participants might find they already know two hours of the material and do not need another two hours, so two-thirds of a conventional classroom course could be a waste  ...  This course leads to a ten-credit Special Purpose Award.  ...  For Employers I Identify ways in which to provide financial and other support for those wishing to avail of work-based learning courses; I Direct more energy and effort towards motivating employees to  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7482.91 pmcid:PMC543878 fatcat:vkgl4hkob5buxgu56m6okepoye

Intrinsic work value–reward dissonance and work satisfaction during young adulthood

Erik J. Porfeli, Jeylan T. Mortimer
2010 Journal of Vocational Behavior  
This paper elaborates a model of the work value system, which posits that the discrepancy between work values and work rewards influences the salience of both values and behavior over time (Porfeli & Vondracek  ...  Work satisfaction is a principal outcome of dissonance; hence, work value-reward discrepancies are predicted to diminish work satisfaction in an exponential fashion.  ...  Acknowledgments The Youth Development Study is supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD 44138), "Work Experience and Mental Health: A Panel Study of Youth  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2010.01.004 pmid:20526434 pmcid:PMC2880543 fatcat:vbydpqnjdrb25d3togqiejulgq

Recovery of Work-Related Stress: Complaint Reduction and Work-Resumption are Relatively Independent Processes

Wieke de Vente, Jan Henk Kamphuis, Roland W. B. Blonk, Paul M. G. Emmelkamp
2015 Journal of occupational rehabilitation  
Predictors of stronger reduction of distress complaints were male gender, less working hours, less decision authority, more co-worker support, and shorter absence duration.  ...  Symptom reduction is influenced by individual and work-related characteristics, which holds promise for a multidisciplinary treatment approach for work-related stress.  ...  and the source are credited.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10926-015-9573-6 pmid:25757724 pmcid:PMC4540756 fatcat:she5vhv7azbnpdprwbifmacnfa

The Future of Work Hours-the European View

2005 Industrial Health  
Another area is compressed work hours-the drive towards maximizing the hours per work day in order to increase the number of days off. The health effects are debated-some find clear positive effects.  ...  One such is the reduction of working hours-which was attempted in several countries but which now seems to be backfiring-probably related to the competition from countries outside Europe.  ...  Concluding comments Work hours are clearly changing in Europe-much of it as a result of competition from within or outside the union.  ... 
doi:10.2486/indhealth.43.80 pmid:15732308 fatcat:w4rb26odpfei3e2evx7qe2ka2u

Working time flexibility and work-life balance

Anne M. Wöhrmann, Nicola Dilchert, Alexandra Michel
2020 Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft  
had a negative effect.  ...  Those with a higher segmentation preference profit only marginally more from individual-oriented working time flexibility and suffer only marginally more from organization-oriented working time flexibility  ...  Since some studies have additionally found an effect of having a supervisory role (Jacobshagen et al. 2005 ) and weekly working hours (Mc Namara et al. 2013) on one's work-life balance, we included these  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41449-020-00230-x fatcat:nrdmnngrsvdobhvassn3eurzca

Everyone into Work [chapter]

Monique Kremer, Robert Went, Godfried Engbersen
2021 Research for Policy  
Are new technologies, flexible contracts and the intensification of work helping or hindering vulnerable groups to stay in work - in good work in particular?  ...  We address the automation, flexibilization and intensification of work and discuss the need for active labour market policies.  ...  Machines can be deployed to replace people but also to help them work better, collaborate more effectively and to be more productive.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-78682-3_6 fatcat:jsig5yxej5bhhb7enawb5xpln4

The Importance of Better Work [chapter]

Monique Kremer, Robert Went, Godfried Engbersen
2021 Research for Policy  
From this literature we distil three core characteristics of good work, which also align with survey findings about what people in the Netherlands expect from their jobs.  ...  Above all, it seeks to pinpoint what good work entails. We discuss the functions of paid work and the consequences of unemployment for individuals and societies.  ...  Good work entails working hours appropriate for one's stage in life. Some people want to reduce their working hours when raising young children or if elderly parents require their care.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-78682-3_2 fatcat:trhj6gzi7bd5fcwur2tauogjw4

Life's Work

Vicki Schultz
2000 Columbia Law Review  
Professor Schultz urges that we remake law and culture to create a world in which everyone has the right to participate meaningfully in life-sustaining work, with the social support necessary to do so.  ...  She calls upon feminists to forego narrow identity politics in favor of joining with a broad array of other groups to fashion a social order in which work provides a foundation for egalitarian conceptions  ...  But it also means much more: It means working to create a world in which one's children-and other people's children-will have better life chances.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1123593 fatcat:mlzrzdl3cvgebbvc4ruckk34xy

Faculty at work: Focus on teaching

Robert T. Blackburn, Janet H. Lawrence, Jeffery P. Bieber, Lois Trautvetter
1991 Research in Higher Education  
motivational variables for faculty in English, chemistry, and psychology from community colleges, comprehensive colleges and universities, and research universities were regressed against faculty allocation of work  ...  Institutional rules, however, state the number of courses or credit hours per year, not the amount of time given to the role (other than the minimum classroom contact hours).  ...  Most studies empirically examine the relationship between indicators of teaching effectiveness (almost always student ratings) with contextual variables (e.g., class size, required course; see Feldman  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00992182 fatcat:qnwbfepkmzgs5dmomhb5hn5q54

Emotional responses to work-family conflict: An examination of gender role orientation among working men and women

Beth A. Livingston, Timothy A. Judge
2008 Journal of Applied Psychology  
and family-interfering-with-work) to predict guilt.  ...  The present study tested the effect of work-family conflict on emotions and the moderating effects of gender role orientation.  ...  Participants from the organization were compensated with $20, and participants from the online course were compensated with extra credit points.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0021-9010.93.1.207 pmid:18211146 fatcat:kezga4x4crhkzkapqx5fjyowlu

Adaptation to increased work autonomy: The role of task reflection

Cornelia Niessen, Judith Volmer
2010 European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology  
Work autonomy was manipulated in an experimental setting in which participants (n ¼ 56) completed a scheduling task.  ...  The data suggest that cognitive capacity limitations and prior task-related knowledge led to the detrimental effects of task reflection on performance when experiencing low autonomy.  ...  The experiment lasted 2.5 hours. Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental conditions and were given course credit.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13594320902990396 fatcat:4ciogbg5xraqnfrr3dkps7wbxm

The Association Between Coworker Support and Work-Family Interference: A Test of Work Environment and Burnout as Mediators

Leo R. Norling, William J. Chopik
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
In two large studies of working adults (total N = 5,666), we found support for our model - coworker support predicted work-family outcomes and this association was mediated by more positive work environments  ...  Two studies examined how coworker support predicted work-life outcomes through positive work environment and burnout.  ...  The number of work hours often serves as a proxy measure for work-related stress (because it portends fewer breaks and more intense work periods); these results are consistent with work hours predicting  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00819 pmid:32431645 pmcid:PMC7214758 fatcat:k26pxautinhurguxj3ab5kpkaa

Engaged Teaching-Learning: Outcome Evaluation for Social Work Students in a Graduate-Level Service Learning Research Course

Stacy M. Deck, Phyllis A. Platt, Laneshia McCord
2016 Advances in Social Work  
The effect size was larger than in prior similar studies, suggesting that service learning contributed to students' sense of mastery of course content.  ...  These results support the use of an engaged-learning model such as a service learning project in advanced social work research courses to improve students' evaluation self-efficacy.  ...  However, after accounting for an expected statistically significant effect of the pre-course ESE score (B=.55, p<.001), time since last research course did not independently predict post-course ESE scores  ... 
doi:10.18060/18302 fatcat:q5hznaiptzc5bmnve6yi3gsqta

ME-Work: Development and Validation of a Modular Meaning in Work Inventory

Tatjana Schnell, Carmen Hoffmann
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
the extent to which work is perceived as a source of meaning.  ...  Gender-specific analyses of the four facets of meaning's differential predictive power provided additional insights. Practical implications and further research needs are discussed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to express our thanks to the team of the Existential Psychology Lab at the University of Innsbruck, especially Frederik Jetter and Manu Besthorn, for their contributions to the ME-Work  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.599913 pmid:33424714 pmcid:PMC7793865 fatcat:3ihzdru4bzgtdimgzejoewfxgi
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