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Where To Look: Focus Regions for Visual Question Answering [article]

Kevin J. Shih, Saurabh Singh, Derek Hoiem
<span title="2016-01-10">2016</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We present a method that learns to answer visual questions by selecting image regions relevant to the text-based query.  ...  Our model is tested on the VQA dataset which is the largest human-annotated visual question answering dataset to our knowledge.  ...  Conclusion We presented a model that learns to select regions from the image to solve visual question answering problems.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1511.07394v2">arXiv:1511.07394v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cjnltxfoqbfelmsadqbga623au">fatcat:cjnltxfoqbfelmsadqbga623au</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200927074718/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1511.07394v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/17/5e/175e9bb50cc062c6c1742a5d90c8dfe31d2e4e22.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1511.07394v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Where to Look: Focus Regions for Visual Question Answering

Kevin J. Shih, Saurabh Singh, Derek Hoiem
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ilwxppn4d5hizekyd3ndvy2mii" style="color: black;">2016 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)</a> </i> &nbsp;
We present a method that learns to answer visual questions by selecting image regions relevant to the text-based query.  ...  Our method maps textual queries and visual features from various regions into a shared space where they are compared for relevance with an inner product.  ...  Conclusion We presented a model that learns to select regions from the image to solve visual question answering problems.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cvpr.2016.499">doi:10.1109/cvpr.2016.499</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/cvpr/ShihSH16.html">dblp:conf/cvpr/ShihSH16</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/onvgqexleng6lg5ddddfs7xgvu">fatcat:onvgqexleng6lg5ddddfs7xgvu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160909123528/http://www.cv-foundation.org:80/openaccess/content_cvpr_2016/papers/Shih_Where_to_Look_CVPR_2016_paper.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/22/4c/224c9c73ab10baf21dabbbc215e1470f9c065362.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cvpr.2016.499"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Intelligence, Where to Look, Where to Go?

Paul De Boeck
<span title="2013-10-23">2013</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7dwvgx6smzb5ba5jadnf2kwmbm" style="color: black;">Journal of Intelligence</a> </i> &nbsp;
These are all important topics, some of which imply that more attention is given to other disciplines. For example, engineers are building intelligent systems and systems of artificial intelligence.  ...  The suggestions for improvement are of a psychometric and substantive kind.  ...  Attempting to answer such questions brings us back to the definitional issue. Kind of Variation?  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence1010005">doi:10.3390/jintelligence1010005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hprxc56po5dg3pdy5ylk3rfzxy">fatcat:hprxc56po5dg3pdy5ylk3rfzxy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728005145/https://res.mdpi.com/def50200796698d779bd466697b143b757f7e3ad60ed3d536f9c7bf9fcabdc0d25d57a685594e8a162a28608030550d4264f5c9e60771974dbbaf303b8c26cc684e682bc708a91614dc51f38accfd383d53dc69939c97243132a155af31d7be872c731aef70ad1c0992efe1b77327df4f78b78b029fbedef71c64e4c031bc48046035ba89feaf97eebe2e5d3db3a0b1fd66ec41b63cc464e766fd83055a270973acf?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d7/22/d72214eb58b92add62117abc1dcf3641a2d27923.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence1010005"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Knowing Where to Look? Analysis on Attention of Visual Question Answering System [article]

Wei Li, Zehuan Yuan, Xiangzhong Fang, Changhu Wang
<span title="2018-10-09">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Attention mechanisms have been widely used in Visual Question Answering (VQA) solutions due to their capacity to model deep cross-domain interactions.  ...  We find that both methods are sensitive to features, and simultaneously, they perform badly for counting and multi-object related questions.  ...  For example in Fig. 1 , given a question about fire hydrant, we can see that MFB with object proposals focuses on the correct entity while imagelevel representation directs attentions to snow regions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.03821v1">arXiv:1810.03821v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jt7tlr3linhf7miwx5ocsyyxre">fatcat:jt7tlr3linhf7miwx5ocsyyxre</a> </span>
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Where to Look: A Unified Attention Model for Visual Recognition with Reinforcement Learning [article]

Gang Chen
<span title="2021-11-13">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper, we propose to unify the top-down and bottom-up attention together for recurrent visual attention.  ...  Our model exploits the image pyramids and Q-learning to select regions of interests in the top-down attention mechanism, which in turn to guide the policy search in the bottom-up approach.  ...  Anderson et al. (2018) proposes to combine bottom-up and top-down attention mechanism for image captioning and visual question answering.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.07169v1">arXiv:2111.07169v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l3nxgjoqffazrjvzgmcbu723e4">fatcat:l3nxgjoqffazrjvzgmcbu723e4</a> </span>
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Knowing Where to Look? Analysis on Attention of Visual Question Answering System [chapter]

Wei Li, Zehuan Yuan, Xiangzhong Fang, Changhu Wang
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
Attention mechanisms have been widely used in Visual Question Answering (VQA) solutions due to their capacity to model deep cross-domain interactions.  ...  We ind that both methods are sensitive to features, and simultaneously, they perform badly for counting and multi-object related questions.  ...  For example in Fig. 1 , given a question about ire hydrant, we can see that MFB with object proposals focuses on the correct entity while image-level representation directs attentions to snow regions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11018-5_13">doi:10.1007/978-3-030-11018-5_13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hh5vzik7bnhnfk52pzcheufiai">fatcat:hh5vzik7bnhnfk52pzcheufiai</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200319014904/http://openaccess.thecvf.com/content_ECCVW_2018/papers/11132/Li_Knowing_Where_to_Look_Analysis_on_Attention_of_Visual_Question_ECCVW_2018_paper.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/09/bb/09bb33837609afd9f90a9ba418ca3550926e8495.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11018-5_13"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Where-and-When to Look: Deep Siamese Attention Networks for Video-based Person Re-identification [article]

Lin Wu, Yang Wang, Junbin Gao, Xue Li
<span title="2018-10-14">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The network extracts local convolutional features from regions of each frame, and enhance their discriminative capability by focusing on distinct regions when measuring the similarity with another pedestrian  ...  The model essentially learns which parts (where) from which frames (when) are relevant and distinctive for matching persons and attaches higher importance therein.  ...  The idea is to directly comparing pairs of images and answer the question of whether the two images depict the same person or not.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.01911v2">arXiv:1808.01911v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hl64uomz4vfwpihbmelosrtkdi">fatcat:hl64uomz4vfwpihbmelosrtkdi</a> </span>
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Where to Look and How to Describe: Fashion Image Retrieval with an Attentional Heterogeneous Bilinear Network [article]

Haibo Su, Peng Wang, Lingqiao Liu, Hui Li, Zhen Li, Yanning Zhang
<span title="2020-10-26">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In order to distinguish images of different fashion products, we need to extract both appearance (i.e., "how to describe") and localization (i.e.,"where to look") information, and their interactions.  ...  To this end, we propose a biologically inspired framework for image-based fashion product retrieval, which mimics the hypothesized twostream visual processing system of human brain.  ...  [39] proposed a co-attention module for visual question answering that jointly performs visual attention and question attention.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.13357v1">arXiv:2010.13357v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bmwle4n5nbcq3fkvw6crxocdhi">fatcat:bmwle4n5nbcq3fkvw6crxocdhi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201030110620/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2010.13357v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/90/d7/90d79a5c01026e700e62f0f7f8182c1744eab1e3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.13357v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Where You Look Matters for Body Perception: Preferred Gaze Location Contributes to the Body Inversion Effect

Joseph M. Arizpe, Danielle L. McKean, Jack W. Tsao, Annie W.-Y. Chan, Markus Lappe
<span title="2017-01-13">2017</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
The Body Inversion Effect (BIE; reduced visual discrimination performance for inverted compared to upright bodies) suggests that bodies are visually processed configurally; however, the specific importance  ...  configuration processing to visual body discrimination.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Galit Yovel for sharing stimuli and Paul Downing and Chris I. Baker for helpful remarks on an early draft of this manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169148">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169148</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28085894">pmid:28085894</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5234795/">pmcid:PMC5234795</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/52utx665ynhivbjckuoogfzkhi">fatcat:52utx665ynhivbjckuoogfzkhi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171012061155/http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0169148&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/36/98/369809afeb45beede17d13eda22d3968527b7fbd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169148"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5234795" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

What/Where to Look Next? Modeling Top-Down Visual Attention in Complex Interactive Environments

Ali Borji, Dicky N. Sihite, Laurent Itti
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/whrz22ivnbhwbbeoexygwc4ybq" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man &amp; Cybernetics. Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Several visual attention models have been proposed for describing eye movements over simple stimuli and tasks such as free viewing or visual search.  ...  In this study, we describe new task-dependent approaches for modeling top-down overt visual attention based on graphical models for probabilistic inference and reasoning.  ...  Few attempts have been made to answer this question and existing models mainly apply to simple tasks such as visual search (e.g. [22] ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tsmc.2013.2279715">doi:10.1109/tsmc.2013.2279715</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/z4g6nari2jb5lbhx2jb2ouwyaq">fatcat:z4g6nari2jb5lbhx2jb2ouwyaq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130526140416/http://ilab.usc.edu/publications/doc/Borji_etal12smc.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f5/31/f53143dd9597bd078b46587ca4829cf052326bfe.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tsmc.2013.2279715"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Lesser-known or hidden reservoirs of infection and implications for adequate prevention strategies: Where to look and what to look for

Sally Bloomfield, Martin Exner, Hans-Curt Flemming, Peter Goroncy-Bermes, Philippe Hartemann, Peter Heeg, Carola Ilschner, Irene Krämer, Wolfgang Merkens, Peter Oltmanns, Manfred Rotter, William A Rutala (+2 others)
<span title="2015-02-04">2015</span> <i title="German Medical Science GMS Publishing House"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gvffafbwyvcolbo5atu2tuakce" style="color: black;">GMS Hygiene and Infection Control</a> </i> &nbsp;
In developing hygiene strategies, in recent years, the major focus has been on the hands as the key route of infection transmission.  ...  In some instances, the causative organisms are particularly difficult to identify because they are concealed in biofilms or in a state referred to as viable but nonculturable, which eludes conventional  ...  Many other questions have been raised which still need final answers, e.g., regarding the prerequisites for resuscitation, the infectivity of cells during the VBNC state, the effects in relation to disinfectants  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3205/dgkh000247">doi:10.3205/dgkh000247</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25699227">pmid:25699227</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4332272/">pmcid:PMC4332272</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/b77reqq6rrcqfnrkemcx2qpa5i">fatcat:b77reqq6rrcqfnrkemcx2qpa5i</a> </span>
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Sexual dimorphism driven by intersexual resource competition: why is it rare, and where to look for it?

Xiang-Yi Li, Hanna Kokko
<span title="2021-03-23">2021</span> <i title="Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mz55axcfibbgpivataja2xp3lm" style="color: black;">Journal of Animal Ecology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Polygyny makes males disregard this female benefit, and both sexes compete for the most profitable resource, leading to overlapping niches.  ...  Our models highlight that introducing conflict (achieved by switching from monogamy to polygamy) can also be responsible for sexual monomorphism.  ...  Note that to aid visual comparison of male and female trait distributions at evolutionary equilibrium, our plots use a time axis that runs from left to right for males but from right to left for females  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13487">doi:10.1111/1365-2656.13487</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33759459">pmid:33759459</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ccfku36swrfopip7ltpvfwrn2e">fatcat:ccfku36swrfopip7ltpvfwrn2e</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210716015914/https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1111/1365-2656.13487" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d3/ab/d3abc54fdbbc12e5d77251dfb63365eb0ea6ed52.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13487"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Acquisition and Use of 'Priors' in Autism: Typical in Deciding Where to Look, Atypical in Deciding What Is There

Fredrik Allenmark, Zhuanghua Shi, Rasmus L. Pistorius, Laura A. Theisinger, Nikolaos Koutsouleris, Peter Falkai, Hermann J. Müller, Christine M. Falter-Wagner
<span title="2020-12-29">2020</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rww2glc3bbfr3pqwz5ihdrbyb4" style="color: black;">Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders</a> </i> &nbsp;
Individuals with ASD learned to avoid 'attentional capture' by distractors in the probable region as effectively as control participants—indicating typical priors for deploying attention.  ...  This study examined whether this applies to decisions of attention allocation, of relevance for 'predictive-coding' accounts of ASD.  ...  However, this scenario captures only part of how we deal with complex visual scenes, where a pre-attentive system of 'priority' computations determines where to allocate attention and post-selective perceptual  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04828-2">doi:10.1007/s10803-020-04828-2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33373014">pmid:33373014</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8460564/">pmcid:PMC8460564</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fovwryomkvc5jlrww2kxflc5jy">fatcat:fovwryomkvc5jlrww2kxflc5jy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429114140/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s10803-020-04828-2.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&amp;code=7433bbfc-4cf5-4b14-8367-5c0fd8887c81" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ec/60/ec60b85c038f9d3649015919633798a7786bb7e4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04828-2"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8460564" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Looking for Creativity: Where Do We Look When We Look for New Ideas?

Carola Salvi, Edward M. Bowden
<span title="2016-02-15">2016</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
This 'looking at nothing' behavior has been observed during thinking that does not explicitly involve visual imagery (mind wandering, insight in problem solving, memory encoding and search) and it is associated  ...  with reduced analysis of the external visual environment.  ...  In fact, Ehrlichman and Weinberger (1978) found that participants were less likely to make eye movements (were more likely to stare) when answering visuospatial questions than when answering verbal questions  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00161">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00161</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26913018">pmid:26913018</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4753696/">pmcid:PMC4753696</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ycuidnaxnbeodb7anq6sbfm5nm">fatcat:ycuidnaxnbeodb7anq6sbfm5nm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829214012/https://fjfsdata01prod.blob.core.windows.net/articles/files/166955/pubmed-zip/.versions/2/.package-entries/fpsyg-07-00161-r1/fpsyg-07-00161.pdf?sv=2015-12-11&amp;sr=b&amp;sig=%2BVQoMuYwFx8VwnStmm%2F3WFMPBTc90MN3H0ENLsYtVvg%3D&amp;se=2017-08-29T21%3A40%3A14Z&amp;sp=r&amp;rscd=attachment%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27fpsyg-07-00161.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f3/5e/f35e6c6c59bb2ff756af1114959847000cb1c191.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00161"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4753696" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Taking a new look at looking at nothing

Fernanda Ferreira, Jens Apel, John M. Henderson
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2gvktplqc5gm7mwsea6qgdwy4m" style="color: black;">Trends in Cognitive Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
A crucial question in cognitive science is how linguistic and visual information are integrated.  ...  Here, we discuss the looking at nothing phenomenon and use it to motivate a cognitive architecture for the integration of visual, spatial, linguistic and conceptual information.  ...  For example, during reading, readers answering questions about previously read text will tend to move their eyes back to the location in the text containing the answer, even when the text is no longer  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.007">doi:10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18805041">pmid:18805041</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qsutahbeircpln3s3hypha6ylm">fatcat:qsutahbeircpln3s3hypha6ylm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809052558/http://jhenderson.org/vclab/PDF_Pubs/Ferreira_Apel_Henderson_TiCS_08.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ef/af/efaf77823f03db2dcf7b7493b08e41b85995251d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>
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