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When the Grass Is Gone: Development Intervention in African Arid Lands

David Thomas, P. T. W. Baxter
1994 Canadian Journal of African Studies  
society at all levels.  ...  David Dara demonstrated the use of a water-level made with a piece of hose with which the people could determine the contours of this field and those of their own.  ...  Gefu Since I first grazed my father's animals on this reserve some thirty-five years ago, I have seen less and less of the local feed stuffs that we have become so used to and have valued so dearly.  ... 
doi:10.2307/485833 fatcat:tau4hfpun5ay5ok3dl6l3xy2pe

Semantics in an intelligent control system

Aaron Sloman
1994 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series A Physical and Engineering Sciences  
Virtual machines SUMMARY Much research on intelligent systems has concentrated on low level mechanisms or limited subsystems.  ...  These control substates may be implemented using a hierarchy of levels of "virtual machines". 1 This standpoint links philosophy and engineering, solves the mind-body problem and many related philosophical  ...  I have learnt from the work of too many others to cite them all. This work is supported by a Joint Council Initiative grant, MRC code SPG9200393, and the Renaissance Trust.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.1994.0112 fatcat:5a3uwj7vv5c4dgrtc36djycy64

Microkernel Mechanisms for Improving the Trustworthiness of Commodity Hardware

Yanyan Shen, Kevin Elphinstone
2015 2015 11th European Dependable Computing Conference (EDCC)  
We run synthetic benchmarks and system benchmarks to evaluate the performance overhead of the approach, observe that the overhead varies based on the characteristics of workloads and the variants (LC-RCoE  ...  RCoE treats each replica of the software system as a state machine and ensures that the replicas start from the same initial state, observe consistent inputs, perform equivalent state transitions, and  ...  All these approaches share a common property: the lowest level system software, be it a separation kernel or a virtual machine monitor (VMM), must function correctly according to specifications.  ... 
doi:10.1109/edcc.2015.16 dblp:conf/edcc/ShenE15 fatcat:xq65e72x7zcnjbbmrwpgebqnxa


2016 International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development  
Memory pages are fixed blocks of virtual memory used for transfer of data between virtual memory and disk.  ...  runtime or CLR, where common language is the new name of intermediate language for its virtual machine.  ...  Although describing the system functionality from a high-level view continued to be the main objective of Use Cases, some of the representations of key Use Case elements have changed.  ... 
doi:10.21090/ijaerd.030476 fatcat:llzg42pevjhhrgssvlllgoy3zq

Scheduling and monitoring of internally structured services in Cloud federations

Lars Larsson, Daniel Henriksson, Erik Elmroth
2011 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC)  
Management of cloud resources includes determining, based on current monitored resource availability, which part(s) of a computational infrastructure should host such program execution environments in  ...  spite of technical differences between monitoring systems used in cloud federations. iii iv Preface This thesis contains an introduction to the field and the papers listed below (reprinted with permission  ...  This work has been partly funded by the EU-IST-FP7-215605 (RESERVOIR) project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscc.2011.5984012 dblp:conf/iscc/LarssonHE11 fatcat:m6eaibp7rjfijekq2kstfbmb3m

Evolution for whom?

David J. Hosken
2012 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
We can then ask which organisms and machines have which sorts of architectures. This combines the standpoint of philosopher, biologist and engineer.  ...  There is now a huge amount of interest in consciousness among scientists as well as philosophers, yet there is so much confusion and ambiguity in all the claims and counter-claims that it is hard to tell  ...  The work has benefited indirectly from a collaborative project on autonomous agents, funded by DERA Malvern, involving Jeremy Baxter.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tree.2011.10.003 fatcat:5xwy4ytwcnfpfgtwqtvk4zivy4

Introduction to Computer Systems [chapter]

2005 Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture  
It has become common on personal computers to refer to the mapping of video monitor pixels to memory addresses also as "memory-mapped I/O."  ...  The binary for the program typically has a name which is some variant of vmlinuz. Look for it in your Linux machine, say in the directory /boot.  ...  Note again that the shell is the entity which got pstree started. 8.5 Virtual Memory 8.5.1 Make Sure You Understand the Goals Now let us add in the effect of virtual memory (VM).  ... 
doi:10.1002/0471478326.ch1 fatcat:a6sy2i662rglblwgiagqhwrt4i

Middleware for wireless sensor networks: an outlook

Luca Mottola, Gian Pietro Picco
2011 Journal of Internet Services and Applications  
Higher-level middleware abstractions and systems are often employed to simplify the programmer's chore or to achieve interoperability.  ...  Does it make sense to include a middleware layer in the design of WSNs? And, if so, is it the same kind of software system as in traditional distributed computing?  ...  this, significant financial resources and man power have gone in devising efficient technical solutions at all levels, from the hardware up to the application layers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13174-011-0046-7 fatcat:hnoaid47eza2pn3v7pud5kcduy

Business Model With Alternative Scenarios (D4.1)

Jakob Luettgau, Julian Kunkel, Jens Jensen, Bryan Lawrence
2017 Zenodo  
This report summarizes the work on requirements and business models for the storage infrastructure within weather and climate data centres (although much of the work has wider applicability).  ...  About this document Work package in charge: WP4 Exploitability Actual delivery date for this deliverable: 24 February 2017 Dissemination level: PU (for public use) Lead author: Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum  ...  The most important criterion however is memory, without enough memory, virtual machines cannot be sustained.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1228749 fatcat:fdwtwtfcwjhhbkiusam6njs26a

Concurrent Computing in the Many-core Era (Dagstuhl Seminar 15021)

Michael Philippsen, Pascal Felber, Michael L. Scott, J. Eliot B. Moss, Marc Herbstritt
2015 Dagstuhl Reports  
and potential uses of emerging hardware support for synchronization extensions, and (3) considering the increasing complexity resulting from the explosion in heterogeneity.  ...  This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 15021 "Concurrent computing in the many-core era".  ...  The number of levels f determines the number of fences. The fan-out times the number of levels determines the number of RMRs.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.5.1.1 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/PhilippsenFSM15 fatcat:owcmta65hzb5vmglwq3dwzbehy

Dialogues with the Machine, or Ruins of Closure and Control in Interactive Digital Narratives

Julia Hoydis
2021 Open Library of Humanities  
Straddling the border between ludology and narrative to varying degrees, all offer the chance of 'do overs' and the exploration of complex patterns and processes.  ...  They raise questions about the co-production of pre-scripted meanings, about authorial and reader agency, conceptions of control, closure, and narrative (un)reliability.  ...  In my case, I was very aware of a possible gender bias when following the different characters and tried to self-monitor my gaze; students in my class were more neutral and experimented with all possible  ... 
doi:10.16995/olh.4695 fatcat:bkpajo6v4bak3gxiugbk3t7ejq

The automatic production of space

Nigel Thrift, Shaun French
2002 Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers  
The assistance of the National University of Singapore in providing the resources to allow the paper to be finalized is gratefully acknowledged.  ...  held at the University of Lancaster for their helpful comments on this paper.  ...  ] problem extends to all areas of the hospital -lifts, diagnostic equipment, X-ray machines, anaesthetics, breathing equipment and monitors'.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1475-5661.00057 fatcat:tn5cvxlg4zez7nj25ru74view4

Future organizational design: the scope for the IT-based enterprise

2000 ChoiceReviews  
tested solutions) or Machine Bureaucracies (for volume production of goods).  ...  Although this is all necessary to solve one-of-a-kind problems, it is devastating for any attempt to compete in the field of routinized work.  ...  Our Biological Characteristics As indicated above, I consider the first class of factors, our physiological characteristics, to be the most basic determinants of the size and shape of the constructible  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.37-3427 fatcat:t2c3spyrrfffta7c3vi7z54q4u

Memory metaphors and the real-life/laboratory controversy: Correspondence versus storehouse conceptions of memory

Asher Koriat, Morris Goldsmith
1996 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The debate has generally centered on the "what" (content), "where" (context), and "how" (methods) of memory research.  ...  research has shifted toward a correspondence metaphor, focusing on the accuracy of memory in representing past events.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Preparation of this manuscript was supported by National Science Foundation Grant BNS-9119800. The author wishes to thank Cathleen O'Toole for many valuable suggestions. ACKNOWLEDGMENT  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00042114 fatcat:22l22czjorhm3ib6tk27aepxpe

The evolution of Smalltalk: from Smalltalk-72 through Squeak

Daniel Ingalls
2020 Proceedings of the ACM on Programming Languages (PACMPL)  
It provided an operating system, text editor, assembler and loader, and SWAT, a debugger that we used mainly for its ability to dump all of memory to the disk in only a second, and to load it all back  ...  At the bottom is a scrolling text area where a miniature icon of the Alto beckons users to type a Smalltalk expression.  ...  Smalltalk-76 Established the language, architecture, and virtual machine (VM) of all modern Smalltalks.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3386335 fatcat:p33btb4rmrdatoidubvy5bfoe4
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