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What is the current state of Web Accessibility?

John Bailey, Elizabeth Burd
2006 International Workshop on Web Site Evaluation, Proceedings of the  
Please consult the full DRO policy for further details. Abstract -Two studies were conducted, focusing on the perceptions and current state of Web Accessibility.  ...  Both studies also revealed that there is very little awareness of web accessibility issues and commitment of resources in many organisations.  ...  STUDY DEFINITIONS AND PLANNING The research questions to be addressed are as follows; A. What is the general perception of Web Accessibility amongst web maintainers? B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wse.2006.23 dblp:conf/wse/BaileyB06 fatcat:ezlwzgam4vcalhkq6u6bwyu2um

Access denied: Improving federal policy on Web accessibility

John L. Brobst
2011 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
This paper presents initial findings related to the dissertation study by the author. The problem addressed is the observed low levels of compliance with federal policy on Web site accessibility.  ...  The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 together have the intent of establishing a legal mandate for equality regarding accessibility.  ...  INTRODUCTION This paper presents a policy analysis of the current United States federal policy on Web site accessibility.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.2011.14504801307 fatcat:il7qtt7sb5gjhkcjn4n4y2763q

Accessibility, transcription, and access everywhere

K. Bain, S. Basson, A. Faisman, D. Kanevsky
2005 IBM Systems Journal  
Providing this level of access through fully automated means is currently beyond the state of the art.  ...  We describe the Liberated Learning Project, a consortium of universities worldwide, which is piloting technologies to create real-time access for students who are deaf and hard of hearing, without intermediary  ...  Enhancements to speech recognition technology abound, but complete transcription of all audio media using fully automated means is beyond the current state of the art.  ... 
doi:10.1147/sj.443.0589 fatcat:p2qwmmgdyjadrogfbrbur4njpq

Equal Access

Megan Sapp, Amy S. Van Epps
2007 Science & technology libraries (New York, N.Y.)  
For years, the ALA Library Bill of Rights has reinforced the ideal of open access in the face of racism, sexism, ageism, elitism, and the many other -isms that haunt our society.  ...  (Harris Interactive and Teenage Research Unlimited, 2003, p. 17) What is the current state of access for virtual and in-house patrons?  ...  Librarians are the ultimate judges of equitable access because it is the aim of our profession that is being defeated if we fail to provide access.  ... 
doi:10.1300/j122v26n03_10 fatcat:dcv73bxjenewhaj5cti7g7jgk4

Accessibility 2.0: Next Steps for Web Accessibility

Brian Kelly, David Sloan, Stephen Brown, Jane Seale, Patrick Lauke, Simon Ball, Stuart Smith
2009 Journal of Access Services  
The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) was established to enhance the accessibility of Web resources for people with disabilities.  ...  The paper describes a tangram model which provides a pluralistic approach to Web accessibility, and provides case studies which illustrate use of this approach.  ...  Acknowledgment that ultimate goal is accessibility for users:: The Web accessibility guidelines should explicitly state their limited scope in seeking to address the accessibility of Web resources, and  ... 
doi:10.1080/15367960802301028 fatcat:yxzkwz55bvh4joxrr5bvcsw3bi

Accessibility first!

Brian J. Rosmaita
2006 ACM SIGCSE Bulletin  
This paper proposes an accessibility first pedogogy for web design, in which the course is organized around the requirement of implementing web pages accessible to visually impaired computer users.  ...  Of particular importance here is what the W3C identifies as the first of its long-term goals for the web: Universal Access: To make the Web accessible to all by promoting technologies that take into account  ...  If it's good for Federal agencies, should a similar policy be extended to state agencies? What about to the private sector?  ... 
doi:10.1145/1124706.1121426 fatcat:bgxsypykzvepdhszkajstc2hg4

Accessibility first!

Brian J. Rosmaita
2006 Proceedings of the 37th SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education - SIGCSE '06  
This paper proposes an accessibility first pedogogy for web design, in which the course is organized around the requirement of implementing web pages accessible to visually impaired computer users.  ...  Of particular importance here is what the W3C identifies as the first of its long-term goals for the web: Universal Access: To make the Web accessible to all by promoting technologies that take into account  ...  If it's good for Federal agencies, should a similar policy be extended to state agencies? What about to the private sector?  ... 
doi:10.1145/1121341.1121426 dblp:conf/sigcse/Rosmaita06 fatcat:pi3odibo3ff4fl5tuoilbbqkem

Accessibility 2.0

Brian Kelly, David Sloan, Stephen Brown, Jane Seale, Helen Petrie, Patrick Lauke, Simon Ball
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 international cross-disciplinary conference on Web accessibility (W4A) - W4A '07  
The work of the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) is described in a set of technical guidelines designed to maximise accessibility to digital resources.  ...  Further activities continue to focus on technical developments, with current discussions exploring the potential merits of use of Semantic Web and Web 2.0 approaches.  ...  Acknowledgment that ultimate goal is accessibility for users:: The Web accessibility guidelines should explicitly state their limited scope in seeking to address the accessibility of Web resources, and  ... 
doi:10.1145/1243441.1243471 dblp:conf/w4a/KellySBSPLB07 fatcat:5zabrp4fk5b73gi3rd4xnd6pxq

Accessibility by demonstration

Jeffrey P. Bigham, Jeremy T. Brudvik, Bernie Zhang
2010 Proceedings of the 12th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility - ASSETS '10  
This paper describes an implementation of ABD as an extension to the WebAnywhere screen reader, and presents an evaluation with 15 web developers not experienced with accessibility showing that interacting  ...  Few web developers have been explicitly trained to create accessible web pages, and are unlikely to recognize subtle accessibility and usability concerns that disabled people face.  ...  Takagi et al. describes the problems of users not knowing what is not accessible to them as a challenge for IBM's Social Accessibility project [25] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/1878803.1878812 dblp:conf/assets/BighamBZ10 fatcat:nfune7tvlbgytbodegudvdykoe

Web accessibility

John T. Richards, Vicki L. Hanson
2004 Proceedings of the 13th conference on World Wide Web - WWW '04  
We believe this situation is due, in part, to the overly narrow definitions given both to those who stand to benefit from enhanced access to the Web and what is meant by this enhanced access.  ...  While we have quite specific aims in our technical work, we hope it can also serve as an example of how the technical conversation regarding Web accessibility can move beyond the narrow confines of limited  ...  This recognition is manifested in the enactment of legislation like that in the United States whose aim is to make the Web and other information technologies accessible to users with disabilities [18]  ... 
doi:10.1145/988672.988683 dblp:conf/www/RichardsH04 fatcat:rabfkaw67rhevfxacn4dgcq7ha

Access Rights and Access Wrongs

Deni Elliott, Pamela S. Hogle
2013 International Journal of Applied Philosophy  
We argue that requiring certification of service dog teams and furnishing qualified teams with state-issued ID tags, following a process similar to that for obtaining accessible-parking placards, is the  ...  Individuals with a variety of disabilities benefit greatly from the ADA provision of easy public access with their service dogs.  ...  It is undeniable that the requirement of a public access test would add a new burden for service-dog users and for states.  ... 
doi:10.5840/ijap20132716 fatcat:dsvwekffqjfe3k23xj2f2xrg3q

Crowdsourcing Accessibility: Human-Powered Access Technologies

Erin Brady, Jeffrey P. Bigham
2015 Foundations and Trends® in Human–Computer Interaction  
Sloan Foundation Fellowship, and by a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) (#90DP0061-01-00).  ...  What's the thermostat set to, and what is the current temperature? Figure 1 : The taxonomy of VizWiz question types.  ...  Description -State (on/off) The user has asked the state of an object -on or off, a dial setting, etc. Is a light on in this room?  ... 
doi:10.1561/1100000050 fatcat:m5nv2m55rnctndrgietkexypje

Web accessibility guidelines

Simon Harper, Alex Q. Chen
2011 World wide web (Bussum)  
We are interested in the human factors surrounding the evolution of the Web interface; and believe that the wait is always too long for new accessibility recommendations, guidelines, and technology to  ...  These multiple stake-holders ensure that the Web is a heterogeneous entity, not just in the nature of the content, but in the technology and agents used to deliver and render that content.  ...  Although Web guidelines direct designers and authors to best practice, currently, most Web sites have accessibility barriers that make it either difficult or near impossible for many people with disabilities  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11280-011-0130-8 fatcat:4jen3oila5dtxicdermdln2zzi

Automated Evaluation of Web Site Accessibility Using A Dynamic Accessibility Measurement Crawler [article]

Trevor Bostic, Jeffrey Stanley, John Higgins, Daniel Chudnov, Justin Brunelle, Brittany Tracy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With the growing reliance on dynamic web applications many organizations are finding it difficult to implement accessibility standards, often due to the inability of current automated testing tools to  ...  test the stateful environments created by dynamic web applications.  ...  This analysis of prior works establishes the current state-of-the-art in accessibility measurement and accessible web design.  ... 
arXiv:2110.14097v2 fatcat:dp5yvt747zfz7iqkkleyiq6hku

When Is Open Access Not Open Access?

Catriona J MacCallum
2007 PLoS Biology  
What you actually fi nd is that manuscripts that are currently in press are available for free but those published in the current issue are not.  ...  Not all of the confusion about open access that currently permeates the scholarly publishing industry is likely to be intentional (at least not all of it); much arises from a genuine misunderstanding of  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050285 pmid:17941723 pmcid:PMC2020500 fatcat:okdjjog4gzhg7efc3ygrh2227i
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