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Language

2001 Developmental Science  
Again, what is the role of complexity of the input or the language used by the child, and what is the role of the age of the child, in producing the typical, optimal organization for that language in the  ...  (Does more complex morphology produce more right hemisphere activation?) What is the effect of literacy and having a written form of the language (true of spoken languages but not signed languages)?  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00173 fatcat:3l4dkgq5ibbfbmq6ffg3n3bpb4

Language Contact And Language Change

William M Cotter
2016 Zenodo  
used for regular spoken communication within a community § Problems with this: § What if there's one speaker left?  ...  § Who constitutes a speaker? § What about language revival?  ...  status of Hebrew (Henkin 2011) § Language contact is a complex process § There is virtually always more than one source of contact induced change § And there are numerous different outcomes of contact  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.259985 fatcat:55jxwfcbqnfwzgjh7kjm7cbp6u

Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution [chapter]

Morten H. Christiansen, Nick Chater
2016 Creating Language  
This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form.  ...  Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms.  ...  Acknowledgments Nick Chater was supported by a Major Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust and by ESRC grant number RES-000-22-2768. Morten H. Christiansen was supported by a Charles A.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0003 fatcat:7hkzffcldvesnpq5zwfremouhm

Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution

Nick Chater, Morten H. Christiansen
2010 Cognitive Science  
This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form.  ...  Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms.  ...  Acknowledgments Nick Chater was supported by a Major Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust and by ESRC grant number RES-000-22-2768. Morten H. Christiansen was supported by a Charles A.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2009.01049.x pmid:21564247 fatcat:itm2ojeuwrfzperazpr7lemhe4

The Dynamics of Second Language Emergence: Cycles of Language Use, Language Change, and Language Acquisition

NICK C. ELLIS
2008 The Modern Language Journal  
Learning affects usage: (i) Where language is predominantly learned naturalistically by adults without any form focus, a typical result is a Basic Variety of interlanguage, low in grammatical complexity  ...  Such influences promote language maintenance. Form, user, and use are inextricable. LANGUAGE IS A DYNAMIC SYSTEM.  ...  It is no accident that Faroese, as a low-contact language not subject to adult language learning, has maintained a degree of inflectional complexity that Norwegian has lost.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-4781.2008.00716.x fatcat:4oupkgsx75hgjnwc4g3bneewqy

Language Contact and Language Change

J. Heath
1984 Annual Review of Anthropology  
In general, convergence of this type is problematic analytically, since the rearrangements in LI may be of a type compatible with nondiffusional (internal) language change.  ...  functionally and is related directly to a particular pattern of bilingualism in which Konkani is maintained as a symbolically distinct system (i.e. with its own lexicon) despite the local predominance  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This review is, in part, an outgrowth of the author's fieldwork in Australia, Morocco, and the Philippines, supported by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, the National Science  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.13.1.367 fatcat:mjlo4y7n2fc2td3kfylckwcudi

Language Contact and Language Change

J G Heath
1984 Annual Review of Anthropology  
In general, convergence of this type is problematic analytically, since the rearrangements in LI may be of a type compatible with nondiffusional (internal) language change.  ...  functionally and is related directly to a particular pattern of bilingualism in which Konkani is maintained as a symbolically distinct system (i.e. with its own lexicon) despite the local predominance  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This review is, in part, an outgrowth of the author's fieldwork in Australia, Morocco, and the Philippines, supported by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, the National Science  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.an.13.100184.002055 fatcat:5l3djtfh2jcwlny3zo4qrlkyme

On Language

Steven Pinker
1994 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Does your analysis suggest this first approximation is insufficient in light of what is now known about language organization?  ...  SP: If language, the quintessential higher cognitive process, is an instinct, maybe the rest of cognition is a bunch of instincts too-complex circuits designed by natural selection, each dedicated to solving  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.1994.6.1.92 pmid:23962333 fatcat:x7oxnckjprbjlpchhsmgg6sw7e

Automata and Formal Languages [chapter]

2014 Computing  
expressive power or computational complexity can be studied by relating them to formal language theory: languages, grammars, automata, . . . tradeoff between expressive power and computational complexity  ...  intersection"I of M and G check if there is a path from (s 0 , x) to (s f , y )Each step can be done in PTIME, so REGULAR PATH PROBLEM has PTIME complexity for R = citizenOf | ((bornIn | livesIn) · locatedIn  ... 
doi:10.1201/b17011-24 fatcat:lady5wjc4vebrhfge4co3pwhpm

Did language evolve through language change? On language change, language evolution and grammaticalization theory

José-Luis Mendívil-Giró
2019 Glossa  
Both models imply a very different assessment of what is changing when languages themselves change.  ...  I present an explicit model of what changes when languages change, and I show that the claim that language change is a crucial factor in explaining the evolution of human language, although suggestive  ...  The locus of language change To determine the locus of language change we need a global perspective of what a human language is, that is, a model of what components form any language and which of them  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.895 fatcat:lo3e626atfcbhgvvkfjksqw7ky

Ape Language

F. G. PATTERSON
1981 Science  
What is the language competence of an autistic child who shuns human contacts but is forcibly taught a language for a couple of hours each day?  ...  Of even greater importance is the lack of any evidence that Koko's use of sign language increased in complexity as her MLU increased.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.211.4477.86-a fatcat:ulyeck5jdvcwrcibby4ciqiu6e

When Language Resists. From Divergence to Language Dynamics

Katja Ploog
2017 Journal of Language Contact  
The contributions plead for a differential description of language development (variation, change, stability) insofar as a given contact phenomenon makes sense in a different way from various perspectives  ...  As convergence/divergence represent more/less structural harmony between languages in contact, the deeper sense of internal and external motivations (factors, mechanisms) of these dynamics is discussed  ...  What about regular, continuous change such as dom in Spanish?  ... 
doi:10.1163/19552629-01002013 fatcat:bofynbtjevcavhv4er3uewltwy

How language production shapes language form and comprehension

Maryellen C. MacDonald
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
The claim that language form stems in large degree from producers' attempts to mitigate utterance planning difficulty is contrasted with alternative accounts in which form is driven by language use more  ...  The PDC instead links basic features of comprehension to a different source: production processes that shape language form.  ...  This work greatly benefitted from comments by Gary Lupyan, Jenny Saffran, Mark Seidenberg, and members of the Language and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00226 pmid:23637689 pmcid:PMC3636467 fatcat:mpu6nlglxzfshax7jx6eyw74da

Naturalness in language Naturalness in language

John Sinclair
2008 Ilha do Desterro  
It is important to examine what the further restrictions might be, for at least three reasons: a- there is no reason to believe that the restrictions are any less central in language structure than those  ...  It is important to examine what the further restrictions might be, for at least three reasons: a- there is no reason to believe that the restrictions are any less central in language structure than those  ...  Example 7 is a natural response to a particular kind of request, but it is not well-formed by regular rules of English sentence structure.  ... 
doaj:df28c60db37a45c6ada851690f0bc915 fatcat:llk46ugkrvdahfjb6tj3lkfu4m

From Language Learning to Language Evolution [chapter]

Simon Kirby, Morten H. Christiansen
2003 Language Evolution  
what is being learned.  ...  A completely regular paradigm is perfectly stable, so there is no reason to expect that language must have irregulars (for example, Chinese is noted for the rarity of irregularity).  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244843.003.0015 fatcat:w7jwbamgqjbjfa4twktkvnbvdi
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