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Trump vs. Hillary: What went Viral during the 2016 US Presidential Election [article]

Kareem Darwish, Walid Magdy, Tahar Zanouda
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present quantitative and qualitative analysis of the top retweeted tweets (viral tweets) pertaining to the US presidential elections from September 1, 2016 to Election Day on November  ...  In all we analyzed the 3,450 most viral tweets that grabbed the most attention during the US election and were retweeted in total 26.3 million times accounting over 40% of the total tweet volume pertaining  ...  In the same context, Giglietto et al. [ ] studied the role played by "fake-news" circulating on social media during the US Presidential election.  ... 
arXiv:1707.03375v1 fatcat:qvrd5gfdfrhrtambrqnmyqxlqu

Trump vs. Hillary: What Went Viral During the 2016 US Presidential Election [chapter]

Kareem Darwish, Walid Magdy, Tahar Zanouda
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present quantitative and qualitative analysis of the top retweeted tweets (viral tweets) pertaining to the US presidential elections from September , to Election Day on November , .  ...  In all we analyzed the , most viral tweets that grabbed the most attention during the US election and were retweeted in total . million times accounting over % of the total tweet volume pertaining to the  ...  In the same context, Giglietto et al. [ ] studied the role played by "fake-news" circulating on social media during the US Presidential election.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67217-5_10 fatcat:inxgu7m5yjdabds4yq5c6fialm

Cybertools of Political Competition and the 2016 American Presidential Campaign

Marek Górka, Koszalin University of Technology
2018 Polish Political Science Yearbook  
Compared to the form of conducting election campaigns in the 20th century in the U.S., during the 2016 election campaign there were significant changes in the conduct of political struggle.  ...  The article is intended to deal with selected phenomena related to cybertechnology that were compared with other events from the U.S. election campaign in 2016.  ...  Creating fake news during the U.S. 2016 election campaign makes one think about the role and the meaning of cyberspace in a political system.  ... 
doi:10.15804/ppsy2018403 fatcat:pkbrmw57endprjvam45fbevlnm

Social Media and Fake News in the Post-Truth Era: The Manipulation of Politics in the Election Process

Turgay Yerlikaya
2020 Insight Turkey  
Examples from the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, France, Brexit, Germany, the UK and Turkey will be used to illustrate the risks that social networks pose to democracy, especially during election periods  ...  and fake news.  ...  A study describing how fake news peaked during the 2016 U.S. presidential election showed the ways in which the conspiracy theories that emerged in the public sphere three months before the election, fake  ... 
doi:10.25253/99.2020222.11 fatcat:jd7szfnst5epdcxwcw54mfh2f4

The Fake News Spreading Plague: Was it Preventable? [article]

Eni Mustafaraj, Panagiotis Takis Metaxas
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Then, we take this misinformation spreading recipe and indicate how it was successfully used to spread fake news during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.  ...  Among its findings were the discovery and documentation of what was termed a "Twitter-bomb", an organized effort to spread misinformation about the democratic candidate Martha Coakley through anonymous  ...  Spreading Fake News on Facebook After the surprise results of the 2016 U.S.  ... 
arXiv:1703.06988v1 fatcat:mhfvkmdvt5gbpjjapw4i4lqvhi

The Fake News Spreading Plague

Eni Mustafaraj, Panagiotis Takis Metaxas
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 ACM on Web Science Conference - WebSci '17  
Then, we take this misinformation spreading recipe and indicate how it was successfully used to spread fake news during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.  ...  Among its findings were the discovery and documentation of what was labeled a "Twitter bomb", an organized effort to spread misinformation about the democratic candidate Martha Coakley through anonymous  ...  Spreading Fake News on Facebook After the surprise results of the 2016 U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3091478.3091523 dblp:conf/websci/MustafarajM17 fatcat:qztiqdbjvrhuvaruuuubsbdnrq

How the Poor Data Privacy Regime Contributes to Misinformation Spread and Democratic Erosion

Wayne Unger
2021 The Columbia Science and Technology Law Review (STLR)  
This Article addresses a root cause of misinformation dissemination —the absence of strong data privacy protections in the U.S.—and its effects on democracy.  ...  However, when the public is misinformed, it lacks the autonomy to freely elect and check its representatives and the fundamental basis for democracy erodes.  ...  Furthermore, disinformation appears to spread wider than true information. 85 A study comparing fake and true news on Facebook during the 2016 U.S. presidential election found that the top fake stories  ... 
doi:10.52214/stlr.v22i2.8668 fatcat:w2wmhk3so5fbjaoram4k5qri5y

THE EUROPEAN APPROACH TO REGULATING DISINFORMATION

Anka Mihajlov Prokopovic, Marija Vujović
2021 Facta Universitatis Series Law and Politics  
This paper will present and analyze the European approach in combating disinformation, which has posed a major threat to democratic processes particularly after Brexit and the 2016 US presidential election  ...  , the Code of Practice on Disinformation (2018), two years after the US elections and Brexit, and a year before the European elections.  ...  During the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Facebook was a platform used by many known and unknown people to spread disinformation about U.S. presidential candidates, especially in those states where candidates  ... 
doi:10.22190/fulp2003175m fatcat:qjgsqc7lobfhzkm22qn5agn7gi

The Role of Social Media and Its Implication for Democracy in 2020 U.S. Elections

Andika Murdani, Halifa Haqqi, Satria Alchatib
2022 Ilomata International Journal of Social Science  
This paper explained that social media has a significant role in the United States democracy, including those of the 2020 U.S. presidential election.  ...  We can see the growing use of social media for politics through 2020 U.S. elections. This social media presence has the potential to shift the perspective of democracy.  ...  For example, on November 19, 2016, the New York Times published criticism of Facebook's social media failure in stopping lies spread ahead of the 2016 US Presidential Election (Garrett, 2019) .  ... 
doi:10.52728/ijss.v3i3.499 fatcat:szsqrf4vmjgqdocyttsmfzuuay

News production and the dangerous fake news noise

Fernanda Couto Araujo
2020 International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science  
The applied methodology was the bibliographic research, study of published works and investigation comparing the sources of false news with the publications of the correct sources.  ...  With globalization and technological evolution, there is also noise in communication: fake news. This work aims to address the challenge of producing information in the face of false news.  ...  Although fake news has been around since the man first came out and communicated, the term was used most often in 2016 during elections in the United States, in which Donald Trump was elected president  ... 
doi:10.22161/ijaers.79.58 fatcat:s4gkphitxbcilh7ytmlg7qri2i

Protecting elections from social media manipulation

Sinan Aral, Dean Eckles
2019 Science  
In social media, however, this type of targeting is possible and took place during the 2016 U.S. presidential election.  ...  Senate Intelligence Committee detail Russian misinformation campaigns targeting hundreds of millions of U.S. citizens during the 2016 presidential election.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aaw8243 pmid:31467206 fatcat:ygnv2gcvxranvgp2gndfyucrnq

IMPACT OF FAKE NEWS ON COVID-19: A STUDY ON THE YOUTH OF KOLKATA

Kausik
2020 Zenodo  
Fake news or false information is not new it has become a trending topic since 2017.  ...  However, the internet has enabled a whole new way to publish, share and consume information and news with very little regulation or editorial standards.  ...  Particularly during the 2016 US presidential elections last three months, fake stories about the candidates were generating more engagement on Face book than reports from main media news platforms.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3830508 fatcat:r3fepuyxsrhx5knmf43ghph3xy

Challenges Kenyan Television Journalists Face in Spotting Fake News

Kabucua John Mutugi, Nyakundi Nyamboga, Nguri Matu
2020 Journal of Development and Communication Studies  
Fake news has become a prominent subject of enquiry especially following its alleged influence of the 2016 general elections in US.  ...  The specific research question was; what are the challenges facing television journalists in spotting fake news in Kenya?  ...  According to Silverman (2016) , the social impact of fake news was best highlighted at the height of the 2016 general election in the U.S where the top 20 fake news on election made 8, 711,000 shares,  ... 
doi:10.4314/jdcs.v7i1-2.4 fatcat:2bgxw6ef3nb6vmlxmjhqjl4dyi

The Marketplace of Ideas Online

Dawn Carla Nunziato
2019 Social Science Research Network  
, POLITICO (June 15, 2016), https:// www.politico.com/blogs/swing-states-2016-election/2016/06/what-are-the-swing-states-in-2016-list-224327 (listing swing states for the 2016 presidential election); see  ...  § 3(10) (2017); PEW RESEARCH CTR., ELEC- TION 2016: CAMPAIGNS AS A DIRECT SOURCE OF NEWS 28 (2016). 45 Natasha Bertrand, Twitter Users Spreading Fake News Targeted Swing States in the Run-Up to Election  ...  °T hey were killed by law enforcement during commission of the mass or serial murder or during subsequent flight.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3405381 fatcat:wzp35kxfffhg3g2qano2736zx4

Casting shadows of doubt: Perspectives of reputable journalists on fake news

2018 Journal of Advances in Humanities and Social Sciences  
Mass communication Case study Fake news Journalists' perspectives Davao City  ...  Impact on Politics Fake News played a huge part during the 2016 elections in most countries.  ...  Unacceptable With fake news, the public will be forever ignorant of what is happening and what has happened.  ... 
doi:10.20474/jahss-4.6.4 fatcat:ka2f4vmdhzev7mjaxizy2gvlii
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