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What do CNNs gain by imitating the visual development of primate infants?

Shantanu Jaiswal, Dongkyu Choi, Basura Fernando
2020 British Machine Vision Conference  
Primate visual development is characterized by low visual acuity and colour sensitivity as well as high plasticity and neuronal growth in the first year of infancy, prior to the development of specific  ...  However, their training methodology still remains in contrast to the process of primate visual development, and we believe that it can benefit from being more aligned with this natural process.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of A*STAR.  ... 
dblp:conf/bmvc/JaiswalCF20 fatcat:angu54psizhztahm5tpasesfku

Sensorimotor Representation Learning for an "Active Self" in Robots: A Model Survey

Phuong D. H. Nguyen, Yasmin Kim Georgie, Ezgi Kayhan, Manfred Eppe, Verena Vanessa Hafner, Stefan Wermter
2021 Künstliche Intelligenz  
Finally, we analyze what is missing from these robotics models and propose a theoretical computational framework, which aims to allow the emergence of the sense of self in artificial agents by developing  ...  Toward the next generation of robots with bio-inspired capacities, in this paper, we first review the developmental processes of underlying mechanisms of these abilities: The sensory representations of  ...  YKG and VVH were funded by the DFG -"Prerequisites for the Development of an Artificial Self" (402790442).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13218-021-00703-z fatcat:rs5pdqct2ra7ljg2gl77nipime

Visual Sensation and Perception Computational Models for Deep Learning: State of the art, Challenges and Prospects [article]

Bing Wei, Yudi Zhao, Kuangrong Hao, Lei Gao
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, this paper also summarizes the current challenges of visual perception and predicts its future development trends.  ...  Then, some points of view about the prospects of the visual perception computational models are presented.  ...  [110] presented a framework mimicking the visual active and dynamic learning and recognition process of the primate visual cortex.  ... 
arXiv:2109.03391v1 fatcat:xtgda2x6azd2laun45tqfj77gi

8th European Federation for Primatology Meeting

2019 Folia primatologica  
Primates are not an Folia Primatol The environment of primate juveniles is very challenging, especially when parents do not carry infants.  ...  Given that global commodity resource extraction is predicted to more than double, from 85 bn tons today to 186 bn by the year 2050, reversing the current trend of primate population decline and extinction  ...  ; 3) what do we do with the rescued gibbons and 4) can we effectively stop the trade at source?  ... 
doi:10.1159/000502392 pmid:31487734 fatcat:lzryxmot2jeqzemspeubyssiem

Joint Attention in Driver-Pedestrian Interaction: from Theory to Practice [article]

Amir Rasouli, John K. Tsotsos
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Today, one of the major challenges that autonomous vehicles are facing is the ability to drive in urban environments.  ...  The interaction between road users is a form of negotiation in which the parties involved have to share their attention regarding a common objective or a goal (e.g. crossing an intersection), and coordinate  ...  Joint Attention in Early Childhood Development In 1975, Scaife and Bruner [84] were the first to discover the joint visual attention mechanism and its role in early developmental processes in infants  ... 
arXiv:1802.02522v2 fatcat:nzeq5eleajcktjl32m2kyqu7rq

Symbol Emergence in Cognitive Developmental Systems: a Survey

Tadahiro Taniguchi, Emre Ugur, Matej Hoffmann, Lorenzo Jamone, Takayuki Nagai, Benjamin Rosman, Toshihiko Matsuka, Naoto Iwahashi, Erhan Oztop, Justus Piater, Florentin Worgotter
2018 IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems  
emergence, symbol grounding. ters (written or spoken) has to be translated into a series of motor actions by the robot, with reference to the context and the environment.  ...  In the context of artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive systems, the symbol grounding problem has been regarded as one of the central problems related to symbols.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Dr. M. Tamosiunaite and H. Basgol for their critical comments on this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcds.2018.2867772 fatcat:7qglt3rxurhevia7ys3xdlym5i

Symbol Emergence in Cognitive Developmental Systems: a Survey [article]

Tadahiro Taniguchi, Emre Ugur, Matej Hoffmann, Lorenzo Jamone, Takayuki Nagai, Benjamin Rosman, Toshihiko Matsuka, Naoto Iwahashi, Erhan Oztop, Justus Piater, Florentin Wörgötter
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We first introduce the notion of a symbol in semiotics from the humanities, to leave the very narrow idea of symbols in symbolic AI.  ...  Additionally, we describe the challenges facing the creation of cognitive systems that can be part of symbol emergence systems.  ...  What do we have in mind here?  ... 
arXiv:1801.08829v2 fatcat:de6kxpbqkjhvdczzzhtxlxm6bq

VIHAR 2019 proceedings [article]

Ricard Marxer
2019 Figshare  
Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, 29-30 August 2019, London, UK  ...  Grenoble Alpes) for their support during the development of the experimenter's interface and for annotating the data.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This project was supported by the Leon Levy Foundation, the National Science Foundation's Big Data grant 1633206, and a travel grant from the University of Jyväskylä (KO). 5/6 Proc.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.9905030 fatcat:w3cr5ok235ak3kz4xospoey5dy

Program of the 89th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

2020 American Journal of Physical Anthropology  
Broken down by sub eld, these include Bioarchaeology (Primates often face seasonal shortages of their preferred foods.  ...  Fecal hormones were extracted in the eld followed by radioimmunoassay at the University of Michigan.  ...  Foundation (1826656) The developmental basis for variation in the human shoulder Kinetics of stone tool production in novice and expert toolmakers  ... 
doi:10.1002/ajpa.24023 pmid:32058585 fatcat:gulriykcvbgdbikcya2xflv73a

Center for nonverbal studies

2003 ChoiceReviews  
Every effort has been made to cite their work in the text. Definitions, meanings, and interpretations left uncredited are those of the author.  ...  Gestures and consumer products with (1 of 2) [27/04/02 05:54:42] The current trademark registrations are identified with the ® symbol.  ...  He served as Resident Anthropologist and Director of Information Services and Programs at the American Anthropological Association in Washington, D.C. from 1985-97, and is currently developing the Center  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.40sup-0079 fatcat:zi5s5wxf2nhene2zyhbbhfsulu

Deep Learning Techniques for Visual Counting [article]

Luca Ciampi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Given that the budget for labeling is limited, data scarcity still represents an open problem that prevents the scalability of existing solutions based on the supervised learning of neural networks and  ...  In particular, we tackled the challenge related to the lack of data needed for training current DL-based solutions.  ...  For instance, since current benchmarks do not perform well on young children due to a lack of training data, Xia et al. [242] proposed to transfer the knowledge from adults to infants.  ... 
arXiv:2206.03033v2 fatcat:johyxd4slrcjlad36qwwbk7l3q

Modeling Transformative AI Risks (MTAIR) Project – Summary Report [article]

Sam Clarke, Ben Cottier, Aryeh Englander, Daniel Eth, David Manheim, Samuel Dylan Martin, Issa Rice
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This builds on an earlier diagram by Ben Cottier and Rohin Shah which laid out some of the crucial disagreements ("cruxes") visually, with some explanation.  ...  This report outlines work by the Modeling Transformative AI Risk (MTAIR) project, an attempt to map out the key hypotheses, uncertainties, and disagreements in debates about catastrophic risks from advanced  ...  Acknowledgments The MTAIR project (formerly titled, "AI Forecasting: What Could Possibly Go Wrong?") was originally  ... 
arXiv:2206.09360v1 fatcat:cnyefpmnajcs5bxd4kfby2ka5i

39th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) 2016 Barcelona

2016 Perception  
The just observed (typically second) gesture was imitated.  ...  contagious yawning in primates elicited by the visual perception of a non-human agent -an android The main function of yawning remains disputed (Wilkinson et al., 2011) .  ...  What are the visual processes supporting this ability? Previous research suggest separate neural substrates are supporting the recognition of facial identity and actions.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0301006616671273 fatcat:el2dmsuk6zd25pedijucuexl5m

29th Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2020

2020 BMC Neuroscience  
by visual experience, and (iii) how patterns of neural activity in the zebrafish brain develop to facilitate precisely targeted hunting behaviour.  ...  BMC Neuroscience 2020, 21(Suppl 1):K1 The last few years have seen some dramatic developments in artificial intelligence research. What implications might these have for neuroscience?  ...  Acknowledgements: This research is funded by the National Science Foundation (grants #1822517 and #1921515 to SJ), the National Institute of Mental Health (grant #MH117488 to SJ), the California Nano-Systems  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12868-020-00593-1 pmid:33342424 fatcat:edosycf35zfifm552a2aogis7a

28th Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2019

2019 BMC Neuroscience  
supercritical Hopf bifurcation, that in presence of the theta forcing is excited, giving rise to gamma oscillations super imposed on the theta rhythm, somehow similarly to what previously found in [8].  ...  We have recently revealed the presence of dynamical invariants in the pyloric CPG in the form of cycle-by-cycle linear relations among specific time intervals and the instantaneous period [4].  ...  In all CNNs, the order of maximum correlations with neural data corresponds well with the flow of visual information along the visual pathway.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12868-019-0538-0 fatcat:3pt5qvsh45awzbpwhqwbzrg4su
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