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What Should We Optimize in Participatory Budgeting? An Experimental Study [article]

Ariel Rosenfeld, Nimrod Talmon
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process in which voters decide how to allocate a common budget; most commonly it is done by ordinary people – in particular, residents of some municipality – to decide  ...  We also identify a few possible discrepancies between what non-experts consider desirable and how they perceive the notion of "fairness" in the PB context.  ...  Acknowledgements Nimrod Talmon was supported in part by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF; Grant No. 630/19).  ... 
arXiv:2111.07308v1 fatcat:v4rdlr5xdzgalirfql4owog75m

The Core of the Participatory Budgeting Problem [article]

Brandon Fain, Ashish Goel, Kamesh Munagala
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We use our theoretical insights to perform experiments on real participatory budgeting voting data.  ...  In participatory budgeting, communities collectively decide on the allocation of public tax dollars for local public projects.  ...  We thank Anilesh Krishnaswamy for useful discussions, and the Stanford Crowdsourced Democracy Team for the use of their data.  ... 
arXiv:1610.03474v2 fatcat:6piychd6erbabnl5pdmanzqs2i

Knapsack Voting for Participatory Budgeting

Ashish Goel, Anilesh K. Krishnaswamy, Sukolsak Sakshuwong, Tanja Aitamurto
2019 ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation  
We address the question of aggregating the preferences of voters in the context of participatory budgeting.  ...  We study its strategic properties - we show that it is strategy-proof under a natural model of utility (a dis-utility given by the $\ell_1$ distance between the outcome and the true preference of the voter  ...  We also thank Tim Roughgarden for useful discussions. References  ... 
doi:10.1145/3340230 fatcat:vokt7xyzc5h5hptnbkq7xwrcde

The Participatory Budgeting Towards a New Governance and Accountability

Christian Rainero, Valerio Brescia
2018 Zenodo  
In the analysis through the comparison between representative and participatory democracy, we try to highlight the right path to defining the participatory budget and the choices of the citizen.  ...  In particular, the research analyzes the main characteristics and functions of the participatory budget as an instrument of accountability.  ...  The Participatory Budgeting should not be considered as an exclusive "tool" to stimulate an active sense of citizenship, and the participation of the inhabitants in the choices concerning their territories  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3483343 fatcat:324d4kk3yjcn7k5by4yasactoi

Threshold uncertainty in discrete public good games: an experimental study

Michael McBride
2009 Economics of Governance  
In an experiment designed to test these predictions, I find only limited verification of the prediction.  ...  Recent theoretical work shows that an increase in threshold uncertainty will increase (decrease) equilibrium contributions when the public good value is sufficiently high (low).  ...  This basic set-up, including n = 5 and uniform threshold range, matches that used in the previous experimental studies of threshold uncertainty mentioned earlier.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10101-009-0069-8 fatcat:2uedvswcurdzlhsnmijmrmt7lu

A Global Assessment of Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives [chapter]

Debbie Budlender
2002 Gender Budgets Make Cents  
At the time of writing, I had been personally involved in gender responsive budget (GRB) initiatives in more than ten countries, from playing a lead role to making comments on proposals or documents.  ...  Given this involvement, I have not attempted an evaluation. Instead, I have tried to provide an honest assessment of experiences and initiatives.  ...  If we compare what was planned with what was actually achieved in country initiatives to date, there would almost certainly be variances -some positive, some negative.  ... 
doi:10.14217/9781848597648-6-en fatcat:qtd3cl6zjnbxjgw7sozuabn37m

Internet data budget allocation policies for diverse smartphone applications

Saidur Rahman, Anika Anzum Prima, Md. Abdur Razzaque, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Abdulhameed Alelaiwi, Majed Alrubaian, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
2016 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
In this paper, we develop a prioritized and dynamic budget allocation policy framework for ensuring an optimal budget allocation to each app as well as improving system performance.  ...  We formulate the optimal Internet data budget management (O-IDM) problem as a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem, which maximizes the resource utilization and minimizes user penalties.  ...  We implemented both O-IDM and H-IDM algorithms on an Android device. Experimental setup Now, we present our testbed implementation environment and dataset used in the evaluation.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13638-016-0727-9 fatcat:djkp2bf2xjfu7drjn7b363fnf4

Sustaining a democratic innovation: a study of three e-participatory budgets in Belo Horizonte

Stephen Coleman, Rafael Cardoso Sampaio
2016 Information, Communication & Society  
This article explores the transition from democratic innovation to institutionalised political process of e-participatory budgeting in Belo Horizonte, Brazil between 2006 and 2013.  ...  It considers how the proponents and organisers of ePB conceive its function in relation to the representative mechanisms that surround it; how the citizens of Belo Horizonte have responded to it in relation  ...  city to adopt digital participatory budgeting'.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1369118x.2016.1203971 fatcat:2p6uskzpd5d3rpy7spxovgxiye

QoI-Aware Multitask-Oriented Dynamic Participant Selection With Budget Constraints

Zheng Song, Chi Harold Liu, Jie Wu, Jian Ma, Wendong Wang
2014 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  
Second is the multitask-orientated QoI optimization problem for participant selection, where task budgets are treated as the constraint, and the goal is to select a minimum subset of participants to best  ...  First is the QoI satisfaction metric, where the required QoI metrics of the collected data are quantified in terms of data granularity and quantity.  ...  that sensing resources should lean toward satisfying those tasks affording higher budgets.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvt.2014.2317701 fatcat:4sy3hferjbhrhlrduktozicaz4

The Lisbon Participatory Budget: results and perspectives on an experience in slow but continuous transformation

Giovanni Allegretti, Sofia Antunes
2014 Field Actions Science Reports  
included in a predetermined slice of the city council's budget.  ...  Since 2008, Lisbon has been the first European capital to adopt a Participatory Budget (PB) process at a municipal scale to involve its inhabitants in the elaboration and ranking of the proposals to be  ...  In Lisbon, an experience with participatory budgeting was already in place, albeit only of an advisory nature. Located in the Parishes of Carnide, it was run by a coalition of opposition parties.  ... 
doaj:0f11b50648ca4f3b8efeb0cea599a344 fatcat:bdmggjusljhvxlmbs5tzfjsybi

Assessing the Potential Effectiveness of Pictorial Messages to Deter Young Women from Indoor Tanning: An Experimental Study

Jennah M. Sontag, Seth M. Noar
2017 Journal of health communication  
Using an experimental design with 266 adult participants, this study manipulates online story context.  ...  Based on this evidence, the present study aims to test nostalgic emotional appeal for smoking prevention. The study employed an experimental between subjects design.  ...  We additionally investigated differences in ads placed in publications with and without an established youth readership.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10810730.2017.1281361 pmid:28266905 fatcat:fb5ifk6zabfh7hdmviufbu5nba

Price of Fairness in Budget Division and Probabilistic Social Choice

Marcin Michorzewski, Dominik Peters, Piotr Skowron
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
We show that no division rule satisfying IFS can guarantee to achieve more than an O(1/√m) fraction of maximum utilitarian welfare, in the worst case.  ...  We study the price of imposing such fairness axioms on utilitarian social welfare.  ...  We thank Ayumi Igarashi for useful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i02.5594 fatcat:wq2lxcyqqvg2vo4n2c6yvk2qta

"Public Budget Dialogue" – An Innovative Approach to E-Participation [chapter]

Stefanie Roeder, Annika Poppenborg, Susanne Michaelis, Oliver Märker, Stefan René Salz
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
as an instrument to inform and consult the public about the municipal budget.  ...  Where examples can be found, they are of an experimental nature; online public participation is still in its infancy.'  ...  "Public Budget Dialogue"-An Innovative Approach to E-participation 7 Timing of the consultation: Generally, internet-based participation procedures should be carried out as early in the respective process  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-32257-3_5 fatcat:xnzpq534rvbg3ki7b7eqf7yz4y

Does Performance Budgeting Work? An Analytical Review of the Empirical Literature

Marc Robinson, Jim Brumby
2005 IMF Working Papers  
This paper attempts to ascertain what light the empirical literature sheds on the efficacy of performance budgeting.  ...  This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.  ...  The problem is, however, not an unusual one in the social sciences, where causality is complex and experimental methods generally impossible.  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781451862294.001 fatcat:f6ubv24rh5cgjh2tqwrvo6ig2m

Participatory Governance of Smart Cities

Marciele Berger Bernardes, Francisco Pacheco de Andrade, Paulo Novais, Nuno Vasco Lopes
2018 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance - ICEGOV '18  
Słowa kluczowe public governance, cities, participatory urban governance, innovation in governance, Poland, participatory budgeting Streszczenie Problem badawczy podjęty w przedłożonym artykule stanowi  ...  Aldona Wiktorska-Święcka author reflects the call for the "right to the city for the citizens," i.e. an approach whereby cities should develop not only in order to support the economy but also to be able  ...  What can be regarded as an optimistic sign is the fact that in each of the case studies in question participatory budgeting turned out to be a mechanism for improving solutions adopted earlier, which reflects  ... 
doi:10.1145/3209415.3209464 dblp:conf/icegov/BernardesANL18 fatcat:xnxopjhq7bb35k7aum4qzu2b7u
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