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What Is Considered Complete for Visual Recognition? [article]

Lingxi Xie, Xiaopeng Zhang, Longhui Wei, Jianlong Chang, Qi Tian
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We hope to deliver a key message that current visual recognition systems are far from complete, i.e., recognizing everything that human can recognize, yet it is very unlikely that the gap can be bridged  ...  This is an opinion paper.  ...  Weichao Qiu, Huiyu Wang, Yanwei Li, Peng Zhou, and Yunjie Tian for instructive discussions.  ... 
arXiv:2105.13978v1 fatcat:q7tnnpzae5alhgcx7xmr5n5l3y

Phrasal Recognition

Ali Farhadi, Mohammad Amin Sadeghi
2013 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
We introduce a dataset suitable for phrasal recognition that uses familiar PASCAL object categories, and demonstrate significant experimental gains resulting from exploiting visual phrases.  ...  for objects.  ...  Our contributions are: 1. introducing visual phrases as categories for recognition, 2. introducing a novel dataset for phrasal recognition, 3. showing that considering visual phrases provides a significant  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2013.168 pmid:24136426 fatcat:g6okbafv5vdjxmcgomtfam32zu

Auditory recognition memory is inferior to visual recognition memory

M. Cohen, T. Horowitz, J. Wolfe
2010 Journal of Vision  
Visual memory for scenes is surprisingly robust. We wished to examine whether an analogous ability exists in the auditory domain.  ...  This suggests that there exists either a fundamental difference between auditory and visual stimuli, or, more plausibly, an asymmetry between auditory and visual processing.  ...  We thank Christina Chang, Karla Evans, Yair Pinto, Aude Oliva, and Barbara Shinn-Cunningham for helpful comments and suggestions on the project, and Antonio Torralba for providing the degraded images used  ... 
doi:10.1167/9.8.568 fatcat:skbziavddbhijbyquaq2rxulga

Auditory recognition memory is inferior to visual recognition memory

M. A. Cohen, T. S. Horowitz, J. M. Wolfe
2009 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Visual memory for scenes is surprisingly robust. We wished to examine whether an analogous ability exists in the auditory domain.  ...  This suggests that there exists either a fundamental difference between auditory and visual stimuli, or, more plausibly, an asymmetry between auditory and visual processing.  ...  We thank Christina Chang, Karla Evans, Yair Pinto, Aude Oliva, and Barbara Shinn-Cunningham for helpful comments and suggestions on the project, and Antonio Torralba for providing the degraded images used  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0811884106 pmid:19307569 pmcid:PMC2667065 fatcat:qfwdero4rrde3enadbymyezlym

Explainable Face Recognition [article]

Jonathan R. Williford, Brandon B. May, Jeffrey Byrne
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This provides ground truth for quantifying what image regions contribute to face matching.  ...  Explainable face recognition is the problem of explaining why a facial matcher matches faces.  ...  Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purpose notwithstanding any copyright annotation thereon.  ... 
arXiv:2008.00916v1 fatcat:cife4mpxfnfgldhqkgeihw7cqa

Perception, representation and recognition: A holistic view of recognition

Chris Christou, Heinrich Bülthoff
2000 Spatial Vision  
available in the retinal image during experimental tests and whether this information is suf cient for the task at hand.  ...  From a strictly empiricist standpoint what is not sensed cannot be represented; except as a combination of things that have been experienced.  ...  This may account for the special emphasis (greater weight) that the visual system places on 2D detail and hence explains why recognition performance is better for views of objects that have been previously  ... 
doi:10.1163/156856800741081 pmid:11198237 fatcat:jvcmyx7ptrdkzio3bkbtgtiy3e

Scanpaths and Pattern Recognition

H. H. Spitz, L. Stark, D. Noton
1971 Science  
to externalize part of the visual pattern recognition process and thus to make it available for objective measurement and scientific study.  ...  If a nonsense figure, never before seen by the subject, is exposed tachistoscopically at an exposure time too short to allow for eye movements, or if it subtends a visual angle of less than 2°( eye movements  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.173.3998.753 pmid:5568511 fatcat:jwrdzi23yfhe7gktfucjllunde

Introduction to Object Recognition [chapter]

2016 2D and 3D Image Analysis by Moments  
for each object, and the use of transformation mechanisms.  ...  Finally, we discuss how differ ences in viewpoint dependence that are often observed for within-category and betweencategory recognition tasks could be due to differences in the types o f features that  ...  Priming is a useful phenom enon for investigating what features are used in object recognition because priming is believed to occur only if the same visual features are processed in the same way during  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119039402.ch2 fatcat:pbvgrq4oujcezmesqaslgthcfi

Untangling invariant object recognition

James J. DiCarlo, David D. Cox
2007 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
We use this perspective to show that the primate ventral visual processing stream achieves a particularly effective solution in which singleneuron invariance is not the goal.  ...  Finally, we speculate on the key neuronal mechanisms that could enable this solution, which, if understood, would have far-reaching implications for cognitive neuroscience.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank N Kanwisher, N Li, N Majaj, N Rust, J Tenenbaum and three anonymous referees for helpful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2007.06.010 pmid:17631409 fatcat:ug6egmtxnrfmfdasnbwby6nggy

Attention links sensing to recognition

Albert L. Rothenstein, John K. Tsotsos
2008 Image and Vision Computing  
This paper presents arguments that explicit strategies for visual attentional selection are important for cognitive vision systems, and shows that a number of proposals currently exist for exactly how  ...  visual performance.  ...  ALR is partially funded by NSERC. JKT holds the Canada Research Chair in Computational Vision. The authors thank the two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.imavis.2005.08.011 fatcat:al6fcjnwqza43ol4azju7iobai

Grounded Situation Recognition [article]

Sarah Pratt, Mark Yatskar, Luca Weihs, Ali Farhadi, Aniruddha Kembhavi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Moreover, unlike in captioning, GSR is straightforward to evaluate.  ...  Finally, we show initial findings on three exciting future directions enabled by our models: conditional querying, visual chaining, and grounded semantic aware image retrieval.  ...  While situation recognition addresses what is happening in an image, who is playing a part in this and what their roles are, it does not address a critical aspect of visual understanding: where the involved  ... 
arXiv:2003.12058v1 fatcat:ie3bvs2abbgbpodq46xmashkxu

Visual Speech Recognition [chapter]

Ahmad B. A. Hassanat
2011 Speech and Language Technologies  
Its main aim is to recognise spoken word(s) by using only the visual signal that is produced during speech.  ...  VSR has received a great deal of attention in the last decade for its potential use in applications such as human-computer interaction (HCI), audio-visual speech recognition (AVSR), speaker recognition  ...  highest score is considered the face location.  ... 
doi:10.5772/19361 fatcat:f3ai5mkknnbu5ici22y42rta3a

Naval ship recognition

I. Camino García, U. Zölzer
2012 Advances in Radio Science  
</strong> Object recognition is a very interesting task with multiple applications and for that reason it has been dealt with very intensively in the last years.  ...  The camouflage of ships in the military context is also an issue to take into account. Therefore, it is difficult to propose a simple method that is valid for every image.  ...  Analysis of the problem Since the final task is the recognition of a ship within an image (see Fig. 1 ), it is essential to consider what this involves.  ... 
doi:10.5194/ars-10-141-2012 fatcat:apwykv2ugbdybibwzzbd4nhv2e

Recognition

Arthur Allin
1896 American Journal of Psychology  
Even in lying down on a sofa for a complete rest, the same phenomena occur.  ...  For the subject, however, it is at the time no proper recognition.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1411584 fatcat:lh27qcus45dlzjbtl3owrmb45q

Fingerprint Recognition

2016 International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)  
First, an overview of the state of the art in fingerprint recognition is presented, including current issues and challenges. Fingerprint databases and evaluation campaigns, are also summarized.  ...  The NFIS2 software is also used to obtain the fingerprint scores for the multimodal experiments conducted within the BioSecure Multimodal Evaluation Campaign (BMEC'2007) reported in Chap. 11.  ...  Fierrez is supported by a Marie-Curie Fellowship from the European Commission.  ... 
doi:10.21275/v5i6.nov164302 fatcat:jazdi7vxgrg5xmttkyhzfznfc4
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