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What Constitutes a Scientific Database?

John L. Pfaltz
2007 International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management  
We propose that a scientific database should be inherently different from, say a business database.  ...  We claim that such a structure can be incrementally created and that the hypotheses formed will adapt to new data.  ...  Introduction What constitutes a "scientific" database? For example, it is in any way different from a "business" database? To a large extent it depends on what one regards as "science".  ... 
doi:10.1109/ssdbm.2007.25 dblp:conf/ssdbm/Pfaltz07 fatcat:7ksirdcswnfgpjdpx637zbaxbe

Database contamination

RODRIGO LOPEZ, TOM KRISTENSEN, HANS PRYDZ
1992 Nature  
What should be done to contaminated sequences? First, such sequences constitute a very small percentage of the total database.  ...  Correspondence SCIENTIFIC Correspondence is a relatively informal section of Nature in which matters of general scientific interest, not necessarily those arising from papers appearing in Nature, are  ... 
doi:10.1038/355211a0 pmid:1731216 fatcat:czyhc47uxfbojkqmq2rn5mxd3m

Unfolding frictions in database projects

Florian Jaton, Dominique Vinck
2016 Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances  
Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances -2016/4 a sPeCial rePort « WHat Data make Humanities Do (anD viCe-versa) » unfolDing friCtions in Database ProjeCts florian JATON Dominique VINCK The Dead Sea Scrolls  ...  Today they constitute a corpus of about 950 manuscripts, probably written between the end of the third century BCE and the middle of the first century CE.  ...  We would like to thank the participants of the LaDHUL (Laboratory of Digital Humanities of the University of Lausanne) workshop on databases held in October 2015 as well as the institutions that supported  ... 
doi:10.3917/rac.033.a fatcat:7ic7sqgwj5f2jnpkfzcy5o5qae

Genomic sequence databases

Michael S. Waterman
1990 Genomics  
It is probably important to realize at the outset that these databases will never completely satisfy a very large percentage of the user community.  ...  The range of interests within biology itself suggests the difficulty of constructing a database that will satisfy all the potential demands on it.  ...  What I think should happen in a well-designed world is that the sequencing efforts manage their own raw data, passing sequence to central DNA databases when a given length and quality have been attained  ... 
doi:10.1016/0888-7543(90)90508-r pmid:2341159 fatcat:a3otsctyhrfczetfpbmnnfzuem

Mobile databases

Guy Bernard, Pascal Molli, Philippe Pucheral, Claudia Roncancio, Patricia Serrano-Alvarado, Patrick Valduriez, Jalel Ben-othman, Luc Bouganim, Gérôme Canals, Sophie Chabridon, Bruno Defude, Jean Ferrié (+2 others)
2004 SIGMOD record  
This paper reports on the main results of a specific action on mobile databases conducted by CNRS in France from  ...  But how to characterize a conflict and what happens to conflicting updates?  ...  The existence of so many tools doing a similar task raises important issues: Is there a generic synchronizer? Is there a theory of synchronization? What is a correct synchronization?  ... 
doi:10.1145/1024694.1024708 fatcat:hlc4utswi5f6dkbgdbo4mumk3q

Experiment Databases [chapter]

Joaquin Vanschoren, Hendrik Blockeel
2010 Inductive Databases and Constraint-Based Data Mining  
Experiment databases are similar to regular inductive databases, but operate at a higher level of abstraction.  ...  We also describe the (principled) design of a pilot experiment database, and illustrate its use.  ...  In a regular IDB, this would not make sense, as the model itself is what the user is interested in.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-7738-0_14 fatcat:66sk7shyhjdzrkbfzwfkaeoehu

The FBI's national DNA database

Russ Hoyle
1998 Nature Biotechnology  
For now, the FBI is not saying what constitutes the "full potential" of the new database-or even how long it will take to become fully operational.  ...  What happens when genetic material from a deceased person becomes is requested for an unanticipated purpose, such as genetic research?  ...  COMMENTARY FORENSICS The FBI's national DNA database Russ Hoyle 1998 Nature America Inc. • http://biotech.nature.com 1998 Nature America Inc. • http://biotech.nature.com  ... 
doi:10.1038/3402 pmid:9831012 fatcat:jdjyvsm4lnc53mctlu6lr7qdq4

Data Mining Citation Databases

Peter Z. Revesz
2014 Proceedings of the 19th International Database Engineering & Applications Symposium on - IDEAS '15  
Based on the new citation index, a new algorithm that identifies emerging scientific leaders is also proposed.  ...  A new citations index measure that combines total citations and hindex values is proposed.  ...  There are many theories about what constitutes a scientific leader. Some older scientists have established a reputation based on a single highly cited publication.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2790755.2790763 dblp:conf/ideas/Revesz15 fatcat:r3ovtmwpzjaqvece4cvu4gzd2e

Developing indigenous knowledge databases in India

Shiva Kanaujia Sukula
2006 Electronic library  
knowledge Need for Indigenous Knowledge Database For any developing country like India, scientific/technical information is a critical national resource.  ...  What are some roles of the ICTs?  ...  and decision-preparing agents so as to make aware of what exists, and the delivery at all levels of components of the capital stock that constitutes national information so that it can be fully utilized  ... 
doi:10.1108/02640470610649263 fatcat:pm4qeghuz5fjhlfbvirrrzyxtu

Where's the database in digital ethnography? Exploring database ethnography for open data research

Ryan Burns, Grace Wark
2019 Qualitative Research  
This is the case as well within the emergent phenomenon of the 'smart city,' where open data are a key strategy for achieving 'smartness,' and increasingly constitute a fundamental dimension of urban life  ...  This approach centers the database as a key site for the production and materialization of social meaning.  ...  I mean, we're just trying to keep a fairly consistent theme with what everyone else is doing Additionally, Open Calgary staff have diverse backgrounds, often of a scientific nature, which shapes their  ... 
doi:10.1177/1468794119885040 fatcat:kiu6da3ytzffvophuwrnxztgfu

Longevity of Biological Databases

Teresa K. Attwood, Bora Agit, Lynda B.M. Ellis
2015 EMBnet journal  
Over 60% were dead within that time period, and a further 14% were archived, no longer updated.  ...  Many new databases are born each year; but how long do they live? This study looked at the 18-year survival of 326 databases.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank the legions of scientists and educators who have developed and maintained biological Web-based databases, past and present.  ... 
doi:10.14806/ej.21.0.803 fatcat:x46gmsptcfdhzogq26rhgc2rvi

Database description with SDM: a semantic database model

Michael Hammer, Dennis Mc Leod
1981 ACM Transactions on Database Systems  
as a conceptual database model in the database design process; and, it can be used as the database model for a new kind of database management system.  ...  SDM is a high-level semantics-based database description and structuring formalism (database model) for databases.  ...  In particular, Diane and John Smith helped the authors realize some of the weaknesses of an earlier version of SDM vis-a-vis relativism.  ... 
doi:10.1145/319587.319588 fatcat:pfjlq4uxhrhlzprl4brbudaqxm

DNA Databases and Big Data [chapter]

Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
2020 Forensic Genetics in the Governance of Crime  
It also outlines a comprehensive mapping of the main ethical, social and political challenges related to the growing uses of DNA databases and Big Data at a global scale.  ...  Criminal DNA databases are expanding in different regions of the world to support the activities of the criminal justice system.  ...  As a result, the law is expected to respond to the following questions: which individuals and under what circumstances shall profiles be inserted into the DNA database?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-2429-5_5 fatcat:osrsipjggbhe7fdyltu7ru5xqa

Scientific death-knell against databases? Errors induced by database manipulations and its consequences

Christian C. EMIG, Maria Aleksandra BITNER, Fernando ÁLVAREZ
2015 Carnets de Géologie  
The decrease of the specialists in systematics and their replacement by IT specialists question the scientific reliability of the online databases as well as the specimen labelling in museums.  ...  scientific requirements, except if verifying all the desired data.  ...  The change could only have been made by the WoRMS staff, who ensure technical maintenance of the database WBD, unbeknownst to the editors; that action constitutes a professional misconduct.  ... 
doi:10.4267/2042/57949 fatcat:cdyhammrnbeg3po2oxdcxwaimm
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