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Well-structured languages

Gilles Geeraerts, Jean-François Raskin, Laurent Van Begin
2007 Acta Informatica  
The languages in this class are called well-structured languages: Definition 7 A language L is a well-structured language (WSL for short) if and only if L ∈ L G (WSTS).  ...  Then, we define well-quasi orderings and well-structured transitions systems that form the basis of our definition of well-structured languages.  ...  3 (b n 3 a n 3 ) i 1 (b n 1 a n 1 ) i 2 (b n 2 a n 2 ) i 3 a n 2 with 2 Thanks to these two lemmata, and thanks to Lemma 10, we can now prove Proposition 7, that states that no PN+NBA can accept the language  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00236-007-0050-3 fatcat:o2ynn2rqqbgrffybm3u44o3gna

Have the Modal Verb Phrase Structures Been Well Presented in Malaysian English Language Textbooks?

Laleh Khojasteh, Reza Kafipour
2012 English Language and Literature Studies  
To see if Malaysian English language textbooks are free from these issues, this study compared the ways in which modal verb phrase structures are presented in these textbooks and real language use.  ...  To date, many studies focused on the behavior of English grammatical structures in various national and international textbooks and questioned the authenticity of the language and the grammar presented  ...  According to Kennedy (2002) , the above mentioned structures including structure 1 (modal alone) should take priority in language pedagogy.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ells.v2n1p35 fatcat:zciw7v6ngnfyta4644xscwqub4

What exactly did the judge decide? Clear language and well-arranged structure lead to better comprehensible court judgments

Marieke Geerlings, André van Montfort
2020 Archives of Business Research  
Clear language and well-arranged structure lead to better comprehensible court judgments. Archives of BusinessResearch, 8(1),[248][249][250][251][252][253][254][255][256][257][258][259][260]  ...  Clear formulations and a well-arranged structure led to a better comprehensible judgment.  ... 
doi:10.14738/abr.81.7752 fatcat:2wkx7ddkpzd6loha23laddoa6y

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Deconstructing Power Structures in Premchand's "Thakur's Well" Denial of Place and Rights for Dalits and Women in Indian Society

M Thirumalai, B Mallikarjun, Sam, B A Sharada, A R Fatihi, Lakhan, Marie Jennifer, S M Bayer, G Ravichandran, L Baskaran, Ramamoorthy, Ashok Verma (+1 others)
2011 unpublished
Many Facets of Power Language in India www.languageinindia.com 11 : 7 July 2011 Ashok Verma and Gulab Singh Deconstructing Power Structures in Premchand"s "Thakur"s Well" 196 Power can be seen as evil  ...  Language in India www.languageinindia.com 11 : 7 July 2011 Ashok Verma and Gulab Singh Deconstructing Power Structures in Premchand"s "Thakur"s Well" 198 The Swarnas However our contention in this paper  ... 
fatcat:dgwmyrpytffqtiverlxlunkhl4

Page 137 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 14, Issue 4 [page]

1982 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
This paper describes a simple language suitable for the design of well-structured program modules.  ...  THE LANGUAGE The language is intended to be simple in structure, to include features which assist in writing well-structured programs and most importantly to facilitate proofs of their correctness.  ... 

From Differentiation of the Expressive Effects to Conscious Use of Rhetorical Language

Yulan Gu
2018 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
The double predicate structures in English are examples of rhetorical use of language.  ...  Since the identification of a language structure is the prerequisite for its appropriate use, due attention in English teaching and learning should be paid to the delicate differences among similar language  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was part of the research achievements of the Project "Corpus-driven Studies of the Cultivation of Rhetorical Language Competence in English Writing" (16SA0107), supported by Scientific  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.0903.22 fatcat:abz2awa5djdmhcro4kb5nlpvyu

Transformational Linguistics and the Implication Towards Second Language Learning

Noor Khasanah
2016 Register Journal  
Keywords: Surface Structure; Deep Structure; Constituent; Transformation  ...  The essence of Chomsky's approach to language is the claim that there are linguistic universals in domain of syntax. He felt confident to show that syntax can be defined for any given language.  ...  well-formed in the language, and also properly describes the syntactic, semantic, morphological, and phonological structure of the sentences in the language in such a way as to provide a principal account  ... 
doi:10.18326/rgt.v3i1.23-36 fatcat:apm5mmqlp5bydixizpc5vhf4fq

Transformational Linguistics and the Implication Towards Second Language Learning

Noor Khasanah
2016 Register Journal  
Thus, the learners are expected to be able to avoid such ambiguity in interpreting the deep structure of a sentence since ambiguity will lead other people as the listeners or hearers of the speakers to  ...  The essence of Chomsky's approach to language is the claim that there are linguistic universals in domain of syntax. He felt confident to show that syntax can be defined for any given language.  ...  well-formed in the language, and also properly describes the syntactic, semantic, morphological, and phonological structure of the sentences in the language in such a way as to provide a principal account  ... 
doi:10.18326/rgt.v3i1.439 fatcat:qkfes2evtjawraqlouj2e6h4em

Examination Text Structure as an Indicator of Examination Task Type and Complexity (On the Basis of GCSE English Language Unit 1 Section A Reading)

Yuliya N. Gorelova, Ekaterina O. Zalyaeva, Dilyana D. Sungatullina
2015 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
Thorough investigation of their structural features, content and keywords as well as tasks accompanying the texts revealed that text structure has a direct impact on the type of tasks and questions proposed  ...  This paper investigates expository and narrative structures of examination texts for reading purposes implemented in General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) English Language Unit 1 Section A  ...  Thus, we will look upon the texts implemented in GCSE English Language Unit 1 Section A Reading from the point of view of their textual structures as well as the task type accompanying them, i.e. linguistic  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3s2p414 fatcat:rlnkrvgkpfesdgpvzkp33zqlsq

A sufficient condition to polynomially compute a minimum separating DFA

Manuel Vázquez de Parga, Pedro García, Damián López
2016 Information Sciences  
Abstract The computation of a minimal separating automaton (MSA) for regular languages has been studied from many different points of view, from synthesis of automata or Grammatical Inference to the minimization  ...  We now relate the class of well-structured languages to other well-known subclasses of regular languages. Let us first consider the class of aperiodic  ...  We consider any well-structured regular language L ∪ and any regular language L + .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ins.2016.07.053 fatcat:mlaamrkexnba3cvicmzppcieni

Teaching Model Driven Language Handling

Terje Gjøsæter, Andreas Prinz
2010 Electronic Communications of the EASST  
as well as in computer science.  ...  In this article, we share some experiences from teaching a course in computer language handling where the focus is on MDD principles.  ...  Starting from a well-defined language structure, it is convenient to define one or more textual and/or graphical presentations for the language, as well as to define code generation into executable target  ... 
doi:10.14279/tuj.eceasst.34.591 dblp:journals/eceasst/GjosaeterP10 fatcat:nujxtiesovfnxcksjz2svgiogy

THE EFFECT OF SIZE OF ARTICULATION SPACE ON THE EMERGENCE OF COMBINATORIAL STRUCTURE

HANNAH LITTLE, BART DE BOER
2014 The Evolution of Language  
Language displays structure on two levels, on a compositional (morphosyntactic) level, as well as on a combinatorial (phonological) level. This is known as "duality of patterning".  ...  The emergence of structure on a phonological level has been hypothesised to be the result of pressures imposed when the number of meanings increases, as language needs a more efficient way to create new  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814603638_0103 fatcat:xpof7mvozzftbjvikyq2nrdnpi

Learnability in Optimality Theory Bruce Tesar and Paul Smolensky (Rutgers University and The Johns Hopkins University) Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2000, vii+140 pp; hardbound, ISBN 0-262-20126-7, $25.00

Walter Daelemans
2001 Computational Linguistics  
The basic mechanism is simple and elegant: given an initial constraint ordering, and pairs of well-formed structural descriptions (winners) and competing not-well-formed structural descriptions (losers  ...  This hierarchy assigns harmony values to structural descriptions of language input (depending on which constraints are broken), and the analyses with maximal harmony are the well-formed ones.  ...  The basic mechanism is simple and elegant: given an initial constraint ordering, and pairs of well-formed structural descriptions (winners) and competing not-well-formed structural descriptions (losers  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli.2000.27.2.316 fatcat:htaffl6jkngjfcfl5rdvtv4f2y

Page 152 of Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning Vol. 47, Issue 1 [page]

1971 Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning  
The factors studied were length of phonological units, patterns of structure, movables and subordination, as well as the relationship be- tween the structure of oral language and the variables of age,  ...  Increased use of common patterns of structure, of movables, of elements of subor- dination, and of fewer short utterances as well as ability to vary fixed slots and movables appeared to be indications  ... 

A Study of the Transitive Construction of Chinese Dream

Min Lian
2018 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was part of the research achievements of the Project "Corpus-driven Studies of the Cultivation of Rhetorical Language Competence in English Writing" (16SA0107), supported by Scientific  ...  items as well as that of using language rhetorically. 1.  ...  those who can properly use the advanced language skills can perform well in the less advanced ones.  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.0903.18 fatcat:yfl5amqni5g7zhfs7eofo2m56a
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