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Weather Types Affect Rain Microstructure: Implications for Estimating Rain Rate

Wael Ghada, Joan Bech, Nicole Estrella, Andreas Hamann, Annette Menzel
<span title="2020-10-31">2020</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
For this reason, separate equations are used to estimate rain intensity of convective and stratiform rain types.  ...  Significant variations in rain microstructure parameters were evident not only for rain types, but also for wind direction classes.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the Deutscher Wetterdienst (German Meteorological Service-DWD) for providing the disdrometer data, the classification of weather types, and the cloud observation data.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12213572">doi:10.3390/rs12213572</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kjblzf7qzfh4pk6btbl6witaym">fatcat:kjblzf7qzfh4pk6btbl6witaym</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201102002743/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/remotesensing/remotesensing-12-03572/article_deploy/remotesensing-12-03572.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/45/d1/45d16c1d79f96c8f38b719b86691d0e8f79bb2a5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12213572"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Toward elucidating the microstructure of warm rainfall: A survey

F. Y. Testik, Ana P. Barros
<span title="2007-05-12">2007</span> <i title="American Geophysical Union (AGU)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/d4tzjtnntrcrtgfasrkbihgihq" style="color: black;">Reviews of Geophysics</a> </i> &nbsp;
based on the mean and relative deviation of mass-weighted drop diameters along with rain rate. [39] The assumed form of DSD is critical for remote sensing of rainfall using weather radars.  ...  One of the key implications of recognizing spatial heterogeneity in rain structure is that rainfall estimates depend on the resolution of the measurement instruments used, and thus the nature of the statistical  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1029/2005rg000182">doi:10.1029/2005rg000182</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l5urzsoawzfulayrq7lniygakq">fatcat:l5urzsoawzfulayrq7lniygakq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160705171535/http://engineering.utsa.edu/~ftestik/files/Towards-elucidating-the-microstructure-of-rainfall-a-survey.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/85/b4/85b47f242f3d3477411dfd5505f376bd28cd635f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1029/2005rg000182"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Microstructure and composition of marine aggregates as co-determinants for vertical particulate organic carbon transfer in the global ocean

Joeran Maerz, Katharina D. Six, Irene Stemmler, Soeren Ahmerkamp, Tatiana Ilyina
<span title="2020-04-03">2020</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/sqg6wlenofcqpjpw2z6rnhi7xq" style="color: black;">Biogeosciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Marine aggregates are the vector for biogenically bound carbon and nutrients from the euphotic zone to the interior of the oceans.  ...  To improve the representation of this biological carbon pump in the global biogeochemical HAMburg Ocean Carbon Cycle (HAMOCC) model, we implemented a novel Microstructure, Multiscale, Mechanistic, Marine  ...  The loss of POM, opal and CaCO 3 due to sedimentation and subsequent burial was accounted for through homogeneously applied weathering rates which were adjusted for the standard run (and the M 4 AGO run  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1765-2020">doi:10.5194/bg-17-1765-2020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/keeu74d2fzdoxnajqtdcq57yyy">fatcat:keeu74d2fzdoxnajqtdcq57yyy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200404014626/https://www.biogeosciences.net/17/1765/2020/bg-17-1765-2020.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b5/4f/b54f93dd6801a4e138e51a4d4ed2f2c5fbd579d6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1765-2020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Variational Approach to Retrieve Rain Rate by Combining Information from Rain Gauges, Radars, and Microwave Links

Blandine Bianchi, Peter Jan van Leeuwen, Robin J. Hogan, Alexis Berne
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="American Meteorological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/i5od5eofrnhevoxsbkipb4pmxi" style="color: black;">Journal of Hydrometeorology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Accurate and reliable rain rate estimates are important for various hydrometeorological applications. Consequently, rain sensors of different types have been deployed in many regions.  ...  In this work, measurements from different instruments, namely, rain gauge, weather radar, and microwave link, are combined for the first time to estimate with greater accuracy the spatial distribution  ...  The radar rain product, the RSL, and the rain gauge data were kindly provided by J€ org Rieckermann from EAWAG.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-12-094.1">doi:10.1175/jhm-d-12-094.1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3txx4sumxfadzepzjoh6jpg2qe">fatcat:3txx4sumxfadzepzjoh6jpg2qe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170518160022/http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/JHM-D-12-094.1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4a/03/4a033f84a1aa0125948ca4868361de48a6b08cd4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-12-094.1"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Understanding the Variability of Z-R Relationships Caused by Natural Variations in Raindrop Size Distributions (DSD): Implication of Drop Size and Number

Abé D Ochou, Eric-Pascal Zahiri, Bakary Bamba, Manlandon Koffi
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Scientific Research Publishing, Inc,"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ustgghtb5bc6bk7sj5exdij4xa" style="color: black;">Atmospheric and Climate Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
In the issue of rainfall estimation by radar through the necessary relationship between radar reflectivity Z and rain rate R (Z-R), the main limitation is attributed to the variability of this relationship  ...  The present study is based on the analysis of disdrometer data collected at different seasons and places in Africa, and aims to show the degree of the raindrop size and number implication in regard to  ...  We are also grateful to the PASRES for their financial contribution.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4236/acs.2011.13017">doi:10.4236/acs.2011.13017</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fnn63ax3hbgbtkgtrldp4mpmyi">fatcat:fnn63ax3hbgbtkgtrldp4mpmyi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170923083554/http://file.scirp.org/pdf/ACS20110300001_93291595.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f4/fe/f4fe4f5fd4beed988a172d2ec0f3b3f09ffa84c0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4236/acs.2011.13017"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Nonstationarity in Intermittent Rainfall: The "Dry Drift"

Marc Schleiss, Sabine Chamoun, Alexis Berne
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="American Meteorological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/i5od5eofrnhevoxsbkipb4pmxi" style="color: black;">Journal of Hydrometeorology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Using high-resolution radar rain-rate maps and disdrometer data, they show how the dry drift affects the structure and the variability of intermittent rainfall fields.  ...  It manifests itself in the fact that the average rain rate varies with the distance to the surrounding dry areas.  ...  The authors acknowledge the financial support by the CCES project TRAMM2 (Grant 3022) and thank MeteoSwiss for providing the radar data used in this study.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-13-095.1">doi:10.1175/jhm-d-13-095.1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/d36nkpsdzvbg7ffq5wafa77w74">fatcat:d36nkpsdzvbg7ffq5wafa77w74</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170817213718/https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/201507/files/jhm-d-13-095.1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7b/9b/7b9b32705275e1337b2587230a5b86adc03e5113.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-13-095.1"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Weathering's beneficial effect on waste-stabilised rammed earth: a chemical and microstructural investigation

Alessandro Arrigoni, Renato Pelosato, Giovanni Dotelli, Christopher T.S. Beckett, Daniela Ciancio
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lafi7qlxwbhkhi6emksgb6lo3a" style="color: black;">Construction and Building Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the Australian Research Council (ARC) for providing the funding necessary to complete this work through the linkage project LP110100251.  ...  The authors wish also to acknowledge Paul Di Marco and Nathan Blackwell from the company Brikmakers, Justin Milton from Air Liquide and Bruce Hunter from Flyash Australia for their generous assistance  ...  Varying the stabiliser type will affect strength gain but also the environmental impact.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.009">doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zewd3fly2zbgzbjmhh4gkzvx2u">fatcat:zewd3fly2zbgzbjmhh4gkzvx2u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721161400/https://re.public.polimi.it/retrieve/handle/11311/1023786/206431/RG_2017%20-%20CBM%20-%20Arrigoni%20et%20al.%20-%20Weathering%27s%20beneficial%20effect.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6f/b4/6fb4d085e9b3592a520608ac10935c3ece52b892.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Effect of snow microstructure variability on Ku-band radar snow water equivalent retrievals

Nick Rutter, Melody J. Sandells, Chris Derksen, Joshua King, Peter Toose, Leanne Wake, Tom Watts, Richard Essery, Alexandre Roy, Alain Royer, Philip Marsh, Chris Larsen (+1 others)
<span title="2019-11-19">2019</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zmlr22chy5hs3designibcjvp4" style="color: black;">The Cryosphere</a> </i> &nbsp;
This allowed for robust assessment of the impact of estimation accuracy of unknown snow microstructural characteristics on the viability of SWE retrievals.  ...  Spatial variability in microstructure of depth hoar layers dominated SWE retrieval errors. A depth hoar SSA estimate of around 7 % under the median value was needed to accurately retrieve SWE.  ...  The warm period on 15 January 2018 coincided with reports of light freezing rain at Inuvik airport, the nearest weather observing station 49 km away.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3045-2019">doi:10.5194/tc-13-3045-2019</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hrpnyjmsfredlaclrln72phsvy">fatcat:hrpnyjmsfredlaclrln72phsvy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200319103513/https://researchportal.northumbria.ac.uk/files/22388813/TVC_paper_190919.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0a/67/0a679457c4507b60b4e3d2104c847b8621dc1d0b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3045-2019"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Effect of snow microstructure variability on Ku-band radar snow water equivalent retrievals

Nick Rutter, Melody J. Sandells, Chris Derksen, Joshua King, Peter Toose, Leanne Wake, Tom Watts, Richard Essery, Alexandre Roy, Alain Royer, Philip Marsh, Chris Larsen (+1 others)
<span title="2019-07-25">2019</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/d3rdown6lbctdap3ifmhbiws7m" style="color: black;">The Cryosphere Discussions</a> </i> &nbsp;
Mean horizontal correlation lengths were sub-metre for all layers.  ...  A depth hoar SSA estimate of around 7&amp;thinsp;% under the median value was needed to accurately retrieve SWE.  ...  The warm period on 15 January 2018 coincided with reports of light freezing rain at Inuvik airport, the nearest weather observing station 49 km away.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2019-167">doi:10.5194/tc-2019-167</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ub7l2zmcjff3tbl4hamprcrbya">fatcat:ub7l2zmcjff3tbl4hamprcrbya</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200208171133/https://www.the-cryosphere-discuss.net/tc-2019-167/tc-2019-167.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fc/0c/fc0c973677e599208b227b3c34a13dcfe9baa11a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2019-167"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Effect of disdrometer type on rain drop size distribution characterisation: a new dataset for south-eastern Australia

Adrien Guyot, Jayaram Pudashine, Alain Protat, Remko Uijlenhoet, Valentijn R. N. Pauwels, Alan Seed, Jeffrey P. Walker
<span title="2019-11-19">2019</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xjanl2qypjf63cwvjmqfpmzmra" style="color: black;">Hydrology and Earth System Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Specific ZH–R relations for drizzle and convective rainfall are also derived based on DSD collected for each instrument type.  ...  Variability of the DSD as observed by co-located instruments of the same manufacturer had little impact on the estimated ZH–R relationships for stratiform rainfall, but differs when considering convective  ...  Thanks to Valentin Louf for providing the suitable references for the observations of the DSD for the Darwin region.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-4737-2019">doi:10.5194/hess-23-4737-2019</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/aw36o53lanbs3lnu22lzbyw22m">fatcat:aw36o53lanbs3lnu22lzbyw22m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191127234629/https://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/23/4737/2019/hess-23-4737-2019.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/34/2b/342b3e97e6f8168046cae75a0bff199ed399ab83.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-4737-2019"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

The effects of cloud–aerosol interaction complexity on simulations of presummer rainfall over southern China

Kalli Furtado, Paul Field, Yali Luo, Tianjun Zhou, Adrian Hill
<span title="2020-04-30">2020</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lfbn66urafcixpkvliq6z3m3tq" style="color: black;">Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
These effects are shown to be related to a shortening of the timescale for converting cloud droplets to rain as the aerosol number concentration is decreased.  ...  Simulations for fewer aerosol particles outperform the more polluted simulations for surface rainfall but give poorer representations of top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiation.  ...  This supports the conclusion that (for these simulations) aerosols affect clouds by modifying the rate at which cloud droplets converts to rain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-5093-2020">doi:10.5194/acp-20-5093-2020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/obldtba2uzawpenu6oosj4a2ra">fatcat:obldtba2uzawpenu6oosj4a2ra</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200504204434/https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/20/5093/2020/acp-20-5093-2020.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2c/87/2c878bbf3d338fadaddca766b7cf9a79613cf457.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-5093-2020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Tracking a Rain-Induced Low-Salinity Pool in the South China Sea Using Satellite and Quasi-Lagrangian Field Observations

Zhiyong Cao, Zhendong Hu, Xiaolin Bai, Zhiyu Liu
<span title="2022-04-23">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
The thermohaline structure favored development of diffusive convection, which is evidenced by the observation that the diapycnal diffusivity for heat (KT) was one order of magnitude larger than that for  ...  restricted by the strong stratification at its base, which appeared to have prohibited development of convective instabilities as indicated by the observed vertical variation of the turbulent dissipation rate  ...  We thank Zhipeng Fu at Nanjing University for helping download the GPM data.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14092030">doi:10.3390/rs14092030</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tuyhyymeerbdbimdureegwkciq">fatcat:tuyhyymeerbdbimdureegwkciq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220425023310/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/remotesensing/remotesensing-14-02030/article_deploy/remotesensing-14-02030.pdf?version=1650706870" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6b/99/6b99cf47a94ab4fad91e4fa64122812bebeb4c14.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14092030"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Preventing desert locust plagues: optimizing management interventions

Arnold van Huis, Keith Cressman, Joyce I. Magor
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bxjqwtmuzffspbwfe57mopfozq" style="color: black;">Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata</a> </i> &nbsp;
In many years, sparse and erratic seasonal rains support phase change and local outbreaks at only a few sites.  ...  Their annual migration circuit takes them downwind to breed sequentially where winter, spring, and summer rains fall.  ...  They rise to 200 000 km 2 when rain-affected areas were estimated (Bennett, 1976) .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x">doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7oei4c52dzdsxouxrhqro3wi6u">fatcat:7oei4c52dzdsxouxrhqro3wi6u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180722195434/http://edepot.wur.nl/26545" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/85/b9/85b9c12c4eb138afe8e64550ebdd5439e796172a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Getting the Word Out, Rain or Shine: The Impact of Message Features and Hazard Context on Message Passing Online

Jeannette Sutton, Scott L. Renshaw, Sarah C. Vos, Michele K. Olson, Robert Prestley, C. Ben Gibson, Carter T. Butts
<span title="2019-06-25">2019</span> <i title="American Meteorological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/inyk7oayd5hefokfggnb7gz5za" style="color: black;">Weather, Climate, and Society</a> </i> &nbsp;
Our analysis employs a census of tweets sent by 12 NWS Weather Forecast Offices in spring 2016 and uses a combination of manual and automated coding to identify engagement content and microstructure features  ...  In contrast, messages that include forecast and nowcast content and messages that are sent in reply to other users have a lower passing rate.  ...  This research was supported by the National Science Foundation program on Infrastructure Management for Extreme Events (CMMI-IMEE 1536347 and CMMI-IMEE 1536319).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/wcas-d-19-0021.1">doi:10.1175/wcas-d-19-0021.1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nnlx7isjl5eqpbrzgqwbhoeeei">fatcat:nnlx7isjl5eqpbrzgqwbhoeeei</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210427101741/https://journals.ametsoc.org/downloadpdf/journals/wcas/11/4/wcas-d-19-0021_1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a3/4a/a34ad25d9e690395577f54c05a883e811943b64e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1175/wcas-d-19-0021.1"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

On the Material Characterisation of Wind Turbine Blade Coatings: The Effect of Interphase Coating–Laminate Adhesion on Rain Erosion Performance

Enrique Cortés, Fernando Sánchez, Anthony O'Carroll, Borja Madramany, Mark Hardiman, Trevor Young
<span title="2017-09-28">2017</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ltuemt6stzfvldwwwy3crx2o74" style="color: black;">Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
The EU objective to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% by 2050 has severe implications for the energy sector [1].  ...  Rain erosion damage, caused by repeated droplet impact on wind turbine blades, is a major cause for concern, even more so at offshore locations with larger blades and higher tip speeds.  ...  Blade rain erosion is now identified as one of the major blade issues, affecting all wind turbine types [3] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10101146">doi:10.3390/ma10101146</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28956841">pmid:28956841</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5666952/">pmcid:PMC5666952</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mdfopklltzfdlaxiqfvdsm3ska">fatcat:mdfopklltzfdlaxiqfvdsm3ska</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180723064349/https://ulir.ul.ie/bitstream/handle/10344/6136/O&#39;Carroll_2017_Material.pdf;jsessionid=878EF4ED624628227612074EE2EA493F?sequence=2" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b6/43/b643c41f4ba14b90ab85abd48806021129be4cb2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10101146"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5666952" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
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