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Visual Material Traits: Recognizing Per-Pixel Material Context

Gabriel Schwartz, Ko Nishino
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Workshops  
We learn convolution kernels in an unsupervised setting to recognize complex material trait appearances at each pixel.  ...  We demonstrate the use of material traits in material recognition and image segmentation. To our knowledge, this is the first method to extract and use such per-pixel material information.  ...  Our goal is to recognize per-pixel, object-independent visual material traits. To this end, we choose to learn convolutional features so that we may extract them at any pixel in an image.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccvw.2013.121 dblp:conf/iccvw/SchwartzN13 fatcat:fsauzaa3wrdj5c2l5rhyt74mpe

Automatically discovering local visual material attributes

Gabriel Schwartz, Ko Nishino
2015 2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)  
Previous frameworks attempt to recognize these cues (as visual material traits) using fully-supervised learning.  ...  This would allow us to use materials as a context for other vision tasks, such as object recognition. Humans are intuitively able to find visual cues that describe materials.  ...  Per-pixel visualizations show that the discovered attributes exhibit the same desirable properties as those of visual material traits.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2015.7298979 dblp:conf/cvpr/SchwartzN15 fatcat:fd3q5ft62ja3vaelq62gww6foy

Dynamic Audio-Visual Biometric Fusion for Person Recognition

Mohammad Ghalandari, Ibrahim Mahariq, Farhad Ghadak, Oussama Accouche, Fahd Jarad
2022 Computers Materials & Continua  
Biometric recognition refers to the process of recognizing a person's identity using physiological or behavioral modalities, such as face, voice, fingerprint, gait, etc.  ...  quality assessment of face images is mainly based on the existence of occlusion, whereas the assessment of voice data quality is substantially based on the calculation of signal to noise ratio (SNR) as per  ...  Motivated by the challenging context of recognizing low-quality face and voice probe data besides the increased and urgent needs for developing such robust capabilities, we propose two dynamic featurelevel  ... 
doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.021608 fatcat:c7t3wrbwujdmdpy523qmedric4

Deep Learning for Surface Material Classification Using Haptic And Visual Information [article]

Haitian Zheng, Lu Fang, Mengqi Ji, Matti Strese, Yigitcan Ozer, Eckehard Steinbach
2016 arXiv   pre-print
More importantly, such a haptic signal is complementary to the visual appearance of the surface, which suggests the combination of both modalities for the recognition of the surface material.  ...  Experiments performed on the TUM surface material database demonstrate that our method achieves state-of-the-art classification accuracy robustly and efficiently.  ...  There has been increasing interest to recognize surface materials using robots [7] [12] [14] [15] and to recreate the haptic feel of real surfaces.  ... 
arXiv:1512.06658v2 fatcat:4tsjynmxqnhxveogtok7bkdhum

Deep Learning for Surface Material Classification Using Haptic and Visual Information

Haitian Zheng, Lu Fang, Mengqi Ji, Matti Strese, Yigitcan Ozer, Eckehard Steinbach
2016 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
More importantly, such haptic acceleration signals can be used together with surface images to jointly recognize the surface material.  ...  Experiments performed on the TUM surface material database demonstrate that our method achieves state-of-the-art classification accuracy robustly and efficiently.  ...  There has been increasing interest to recognize surface materials using robots [7] [12] [14] [15] and to recreate the haptic feel of real surfaces.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2016.2598140 fatcat:zdumxqs6rff6zoyljrhajzs4cq

Venetian Technical Traits Assimilated Into The Cretan Idiosyncrasy Of Domenikos Theotokopoulos

Sophia Sotiropoulou, Stergios Stassinopoulos
2020 Zenodo  
Per una nuova geografia dei soggiorni di Domínikos Theotokópoulos tra Creta e l'Italia.", Bettona, 28-30 September 2018.  ...  he used and on his painting technique in this period, reveals essential constant and identifiable traits in his work: they form the connective tissue of a transition from the post-Byzantine (Cretan) tradition  ...  study and also as a pool for comparative studies in a wider context.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6405648 fatcat:2uqdq2sqkbfflpoybprnz2i77m

Taxon and trait recognition from digitized herbarium specimens using deep convolutional neural networks

Sohaib Younis, Claus Weiland, Robert Hoehndorf, Stefan Dressler, Thomas Hickler, Bernhard Seeger, Marco Schmidt
2018 Botany Letters  
for species and trait recognition.  ...  We are using digital images of herbarium specimens in order to identify taxa and traits of these collection objects by applying convolutional neural networks (CNN).  ...  We further want to thank all contributors to our trait data in the context of the FLOPO knowledge base and African Plants -a photo guide.  ... 
doi:10.1080/23818107.2018.1446357 fatcat:2cl4y42uibhn7albuliyhnljsi

Do Personality Traits Modulate the Effect of Emotional Visual Stimuli on Auditory Information Processing?

Solange Mardaga, Michel Hansenne
2009 Journal of Individual Differences  
Recently, DePascalis, Awari, Matteucci, and Mazzocco (2005) reported that personality traits modulated the effect of the emotional visual stimuli on the mismatch negativity (MMN).  ...  The present findings suggest that the modulation by personality of change detection in the unattended environment as a function of context valence is limited to unpleasant context.  ...  visual context has a positive valence.  ... 
doi:10.1027/1614-0001.30.1.28 fatcat:lbxnnhgq2bagppjcxpxu2nrv7y

Mucins Suppress Virulence Traits of Candida albicans

Nicole L. Kavanaugh, Angela Q. Zhang, Clarissa J. Nobile, Alexander D. Johnson, Katharina Ribbeck
2014 mBio  
We also show that corresponding traits are suppressed, rendering C. albicans impaired in forming biofilms on a range of different synthetic surfaces and human epithelial cells.  ...  Here, we show that the main components of mucus, mucin glycoproteins, suppress virulence attributes of C. albicans at the levels of gene expression and the corresponding morphological traits.  ...  Biofilm formation assay and visualization.  ... 
doi:10.1128/mbio.01911-14 pmid:25389175 pmcid:PMC4235211 fatcat:dx4moxjy6jfnxmcst22jq6u26m

Automatic Prediction of Facial Trait Judgments: Appearance vs. Structural Models

Mario Rojas Q., David Masip, Alexander Todorov, Jordi Vitria, Chris I. Baker
2011 PLoS ONE  
In psychology, face perception has been recognized as a key component of this evaluation system. Multiple studies suggest that observers use face information to infer personality characteristics.  ...  State of the art machine learning methods are applied to a) derive a facial trait judgment model from training data and b) predict a facial trait value for any face.  ...  Figure 1 summarizes the performance for the three methods implemented per classifier for all the traits.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023323 pmid:21858069 pmcid:PMC3157350 fatcat:wk5vjibefjbzzj36vtx5xc7mxm

Autistic traits predict poor integration between top-down contextual expectations and movement kinematics during action observation

L. Amoruso, A. Finisguerra, C. Urgesi
2018 Scientific Reports  
Correlational analysis revealed no association between autistic traits and the facilitation for congruent contexts.  ...  of actions embedded in congruent, incongruent and ambiguous contexts.  ...  In addition, kinematics observed in ambiguous contexts was better recognized than that observed in incongruent ones (p = 0.0001). MEP Results.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-33827-8 fatcat:7gws3lvqjjd2ppladeq3w2gtbe

Dysfunctions in Infants' Statistical Learning are Related to Parental Autistic Traits

Bettoni Roberta, Valentina Riva, Chiara Cantiani, Elena Maria Riboldi, Massimo Molteni, Viola Macchi Cassia, Hermann Bulf
2021 Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders  
Using a visual habituation task, we tested infant offspring of adults (non-diagnosed) who show high (HAT infants) versus low (LAT infants) autistic traits.  ...  Results demonstrated that LAT infants learned the statistical structure embedded in a visual sequence, while HAT infants failed.  ...  The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10803-021-04894-0 pmid:33582879 pmcid:PMC8531064 fatcat:fjqo4jrxbfcgvgsrl5ivvam7ue

Weaker McGurk Effect for Rubin's Vase-Type Speech in People With High Autistic Traits

Yuta Ujiie, Kohske Takahashi
2021 Multisensory Research  
In this study, we investigated the relationship between autistic traits (Autism-Spectrum Quotient; AQ) and the influence of visual speech on the recognition of Rubin's vase-type speech stimuli with degraded  ...  In contrast, audiovisual speech perception was less susceptible to facial speech perception among individuals with high rather than low autistic traits.  ...  The visual stimuli (720 × 576 pixels, 29.97 frames/s) were recordings of the right or left side of the speakers' faces using a digital video camera (GZ-EX370, JVC Kenwood, Yokohama, Japan).  ... 
doi:10.1163/22134808-bja10047 pmid:33873157 fatcat:h6ucfj5x2naqlnxnmxrmlnf62q

Sperm Traits Negatively Covary with Size and Asymmetry of a Secondary Sexual Trait in a Freshwater Crayfish

Paolo Galeotti, Guido Bernini, Lisa Locatello, Roberto Sacchi, Mauro Fasola, Diego Rubolini, Sean Walker
2012 PLoS ONE  
Sperm competition theory predicts a negative relationship between investment in body traits favouring mate acquisition (secondary sexual characters, SSCs) and investment in ejaculate size or quality, due  ...  [44, 59] , but also visually, perhaps through variation in body colour linked to stream substrate (PG, pers. obs.; [60] ).  ...  arcsine-transformed and are thus expressed in degrees (u) (see Materials and Methods).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043771 pmid:22916304 pmcid:PMC3423389 fatcat:avt3hd5o7vad7ff5533wi7dwnm

Associations Between Cannabis Use, Abdominal Fat Phenotypes and Insulin Traits

Charlotte E. Stuart, Juyeon Ko, Gisselle C. Alarcon Ramos, Andre E. Modesto, Jaelim Cho, Maxim S. Petrov
2020 Journal of Clinical Medicine Research  
The options for this question were: 1) Occasionally; 2) Less than once per week; 3) Once per week; 4) 2 -3 times per week; and 5) Daily.  ...  Total muscle area and intramuscular fat area were calculated by multiplying the selected total pixel content with pixel surface area.  ... 
doi:10.14740/jocmr4165 pmid:32587654 pmcid:PMC7295553 fatcat:r6nrbn4byzcqxcv4mcdnlitiiu
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