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Vision-Based Gait Analysis for Senior Care [article]

David Xue, Anin Sayana, Evan Darke, Kelly Shen, Jun-Ting Hsieh, Zelun Luo, Li-Jia Li, N. Lance Downing, Arnold Milstein, Li Fei-Fei
2018 arXiv   pre-print
As the senior population rapidly increases, it is challenging yet crucial to provide effective long-term care for seniors who live at home or in senior care facilities.  ...  In this paper, we present a method to perform gait analysis from a single camera placed within the home.  ...  To close this gap, an automated, passive, vision-based system for long-term monitoring of senior's gait can facilitate early diagnosis of neurodegeneration via long-term gait characterization.  ... 
arXiv:1812.00169v1 fatcat:lmbn7wkwejfjdidqyt6e3xuwxe

Special Issue on New Advances in Video-Based Gait Analysis and Applications: Challenges and Solutions

Liang Wang, Gouying Zhao, Nasir Rajpoot, Mark S. Nixon
2010 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part B (Cybernetics)  
Her research interests include gait analysis, dynamic texture recognition, facial expression recognition, human motion analysis, and person identification. Dr  ...  Since July 2005, she has been a Senior Researcher with Machine Vision Group, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.  ...  , which are underway to make significant contributions to the area of vision-based gait analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcb.2010.2046351 pmid:20403785 fatcat:2pgn2t7rzzakbl6otdzmw63oka

Toward a Passive Low-Cost In-Home Gait Assessment System for Older Adults

Fang Wang, E. Stone, M. Skubic, J. M. Keller, C. Abbott, M. Rantz
2013 IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics  
In this paper, we propose a webcam-based system for in-home gait assessment of older adults.  ...  These findings provide support for continuous gait assessment in the home for capturing habitual gait.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors acknowledge the contribution and support of the MU eldertech research team and the reviewers for their helpful comments in improving the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jbhi.2012.2233745 pmid:24235111 pmcid:PMC3831173 fatcat:fmu33acrkvahhhpn2vqya5d7pe

Risk Factors for Falling Among Community-Based Seniors Using Home Care Services

P. C. Fletcher, J. P. Hirdes
2002 The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences  
All participants ( N ϭ 2304) in this study were receiving home care services from 10 community-based agencies (Community Care Access Centres) in Ontario, Canada.  ...  Despite the plethora of information concerning risk factors for falls, limited research efforts have focused on the issue of the differences in risk factors for falls based on fall status, or more specifically  ...  The MDS-HC is a comprehensive assessment instrument developed and owned by interRAI, a not-for-profit network of researchers and clinicians.  ... 
doi:10.1093/gerona/57.8.m504 pmid:12145363 fatcat:alzmw5bgqra7njgve3zexbj4nu

Computer Vision-based Human Activity Recognition for Elderly Home Care

In this paper, we propose a novel approach to develop smart monitoring system for elderly people using computer vision techniques.  ...  Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) based algorithm is used for background and foreground separation inorder to track the activities of human object.  ...  The alternate solution for wearable sensors is using video sensors for life care and health care of senior persons.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.a1061.1191s19 fatcat:tdvt6iem2bcjrhe2h2kjo5pvye

Restriction in activity associated with fear of falling among community-based seniors using home care services

P. C. Fletcher
2004 Age and Ageing  
Community care access centres act as gatekeeping organisations assessing need and contracting out for a broad range of community-based services.  ...  Conclusions: the results from this study provide information about a group void in the literature pertaining to activity restriction from fear of falling -community-based seniors receiving home care services  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge the Wnancial contribution from the Health Transition Fund, Health Canada and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR).  ... 
doi:10.1093/ageing/afh077 pmid:15082433 fatcat:5ntt5sw5lfd4zi7rvxjr24fusi

Quantitative Gait Measurement With Pulse-Doppler Radar for Passive In-Home Gait Assessment

Fang Wang, Marjorie Skubic, Marilyn Rantz, Paul E. Cuddihy
2014 IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  
These lab results demonstrate the capability of the system to be used as a daily gait assessment tool in home environments, useful for fall risk assessment and other health care applications.  ...  In this paper, we propose a pulse-Doppler radar system for in-home gait assessment of older adults.  ...  Vision sensors are a rich source of information that can be used for gait analysis; vision-based gait analysis has been an active research topic in the computer vision community.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbme.2014.2319333 pmid:24771566 pmcid:PMC4238914 fatcat:jif2mthrozdbpdyn2555jrjebq

Digital assessment of falls risk, frailty, and mobility impairment using wearable sensors

Barry R. Greene, Killian McManus, Stephen J. Redmond, Brian Caulfield, Charlene C. Quinn
2019 npj Digital Medicine  
Current methods for assessing falls risk can be subjective, inaccurate, have low inter-rater reliability, and do not address factors contributing to falls (poor balance, gait speed, transfers, turning)  ...  risk prediction and stratification, driving more patients towards clinical and community-based falls prevention activities.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS Data analysis was carried out by B.R.G. and K.Mc.M. All authors contributed to manuscript preparation and analysis plan.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41746-019-0204-z pmid:31840096 pmcid:PMC6906412 fatcat:wxhy4ig2vbblhnitctf4vcrwwe

Is independence of older adults safe considering the risk of falls?

Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska – Tobis
2017 BMC Geriatrics  
According to logistic regression the main risk of fall determinants (p <0.05) in the study group were: age, previous falls, feet problems, lack of regular care, impaired vision, urinary incontinence, pain  ...  Gait fluency evaluated in TUG scale found slow and unsteady gait in 33.7% of the subjects. 27.5% of the subjects used mobility aids when walking.  ...  These actions should be based on evaluation of mental and physical condition, analysis of functioning abilities of the elderly, and introduction of gait improving exercises.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12877-017-0461-0 pmid:28288563 pmcid:PMC5348870 fatcat:llaojypgy5ebvivjhp55uzqqey

Balance and gait performance after maximal and submaximal endurance exercise in seniors: is there a higher fall-risk?

Lars Donath, Lukas Zahner, Ralf Roth, Livia Fricker, Mareike Cordes, Henner Hanssen, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Oliver Faude
2012 European Journal of Applied Physiology  
No significant differences were found for gait parameters. Alterations of SBALP after exhaustive exercise might lead to higher fallrisk in seniors.  ...  Impaired balance and gait performance increase fall-risk in seniors. Acute effects of different exercise bouts on gait and balance were not yet addressed.  ...  Temporal and spatial gait analysis data A significant time 9 condition interaction was merely found for double stance phase (p = 0.004).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00421-012-2471-0 pmid:22915174 fatcat:yohuo2t6s5asfg6xcgzthfixqm

Ambient Assisted Living and Ambient Intelligence for Health

Pino Caballero-Gil, Lilia Georgieva, Ljiljana Brankovic, Mike Burmester
2018 Mobile Information Systems  
Gait analysis, using computer vision based on cloud platform and mobile device, is the topic of the paper by M. Nieto-Hidalgo et al.  ...  Technology can support daily interaction and be integrated in the health care of senior citizens, which are both vital to ensure their health and happiness.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/7560465 fatcat:e3lkn5dq45egbfpbhrr7dkq7ti

A national survey of services for the prevention and management of falls in the UK

Sarah E Lamb, Joanne D Fisher, Simon Gates, Rachel Potter, Matthew W Cooke, Yvonne H Carter
2008 BMC Health Services Research  
The majority of services were based in acute or community hospitals, with only a few in primary care or emergency departments.  ...  Services varied extensively in the way that interventions were delivered, and particular concern is raised about interventions for vision, home hazard modification, medication review and bone health.  ...  The funder had no role in design of the study, its conduct, or analysis and interpretation of the results.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-233 pmid:19014488 pmcid:PMC2596121 fatcat:qh37ubnvynhsjj6uzyvz2pb4ea

Radar walking speed measurements of seniors in their apartments: Technology for fall prevention

P. E. Cuddihy, T. Yardibi, Z. J. Legenzoff, Liang Liu, C. E. Phillips, C. Abbott, C. Galambos, J. Keller, M. Popescu, J. Back, M. Skubic, M. J. Rantz
2012 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society  
In this paper, we deploy a Doppler radar-based gait measurement system into the apartments of thirteen seniors.  ...  The radar is a promising sensing technology for gait velocity in a day-to-day senior living environment. 978-1-4577-1787-1/12/$26.00 ©2012 IEEE  ...  Also deployed in the senior living apartments and used as a gold standard in a portion of the walks is a Kinect-based gait analysis system described in [10, 11] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/embc.2012.6345919 pmid:23365880 dblp:conf/embc/CuddihyYLLPAGKP12 fatcat:ydjit3kpsvbahphuelptgzidt4

Group based exercise reduced falls in community dwelling people >=70 years of age

S. Fields
2003 Evidence-Based Medicine  
Vision improvement required eye testing with referral to the usual eye care provider if the vision tested below predetermined criteria.  ...  Main results Analysis was by intention to treat.  ... 
doi:10.1136/ebm.8.2.57 fatcat:hmf5pjtrmbh6tdrbyuwhvitmra

Defining a Fall and Reasons for Falling: Comparisons Among the Views of Seniors, Health Care Providers, and the Research Literature

A. A. Zecevic, A. W. Salmoni, M. Speechley, A. A. Vandervoort
2006 The gerontologist  
In communication between health care providers and seniors, an appropriate definition increases the possibility for early detection of seniors in greater need of care and services.  ...  In order to capture patterns in conceptualized thinking, we used content analysis to develop codes and categories for a fall definition and reasons for falling.  ...  Joseph Lella, for his advice and assistance with the qualitative analysis; and Dr. Gareth Jones, for reviewing the article. Aleksandra A.  ... 
doi:10.1093/geront/46.3.367 pmid:16731875 fatcat:ifcizvtki5dnxir4r5gv2t42p4
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