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Virtual Reality Therapy: an Effective Treatment for the Fear of Public Speaking

Max M. North, Sarah M. North, Joseph R. Coble
1998 International Journal of Virtual Reality  
The major goal of this research was to investigate the efficacy of virtual reality therapy (VRT) in the treatment of the fear of public speaking.  ...  The authors concluded that VRT was successful in reducing the fear of the public speaking.  ...  To the best of our knowledge, this is the first known controlled study of the effectiveness of virtual reality therapy in the treatment of subjects who suffer from the fear of public speaking.  ... 
doi:10.20870/ijvr.1998.3.3.2625 fatcat:edpqm2yb5fbtnl4jomwodncshy

Virtual Reality Therapy in Social Anxiety Disorder

Paul M. G. Emmelkamp, Katharina Meyerbröker, Nexhmedin Morina
2020 Current Psychiatry Reports  
This review provides an overview of current methods and important aspects to consider when applying virtual worlds in the treatment of social anxiety disorder (SAD).  ...  Results of these studies are promising. Few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have investigated the efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) in SAD.  ...  Two situations were used in the virtual reality BAT: one representing the fear of small talk with unknown people and the other representing fear of speaking in public.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11920-020-01156-1 pmid:32405657 fatcat:w23r2lkwojdvnmqcdac2atukmi

Virtual Reality Therapy for Social Phobia: A Scoping Review

Elham Salehi, Mahdi Mehrabi, Farhad Fatehi, Asiyeh Salehi
2020 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
Virtual reality (VR) has become an interesting alternative for the treatment of social phobia.  ...  Treatment approaches to social phobia included virtual reality exposure therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, exposure group therapy, in vivo exposure therapy, and waiting list.  ...  VR is an effective method for the treatment of a variety of phobias such as social phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, claustrophobia, arachnophobia and fear of heights [10, 11, 12] .  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti200253 pmid:32570476 fatcat:sa7o7b7brvhujljqnipu7zc2zu

Virtual reality exposure therapy of anxiety disorders: A review

M Krijn, P.M.G Emmelkamp, R.P Olafsson, R Biemond
2004 Clinical Psychology Review  
Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) is an altered form of behavioral therapy and may be a possible alternative to standard in vivo exposure.  ...  Evidence is found that VRET is effective for participants with fear of heights and of flying. For other phobias, research to date is not conclusive.  ...  Fear of public speaking/social phobia Anxiety-provoking virtual environments have been developed for treatment of patients with public speaking anxiety Lee et al., 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2004.04.001 pmid:15245832 fatcat:2ziq43fgpjf35kv5kzunbbfkk4

Virtual reality therapy: an effective treatment for psychological disorders

M M North, S M North, J R Coble
1997 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
over a river, and in the presence of an animal [a black cat] in a dark room), and fear of public speaking.  ...  The chapter also describes how to use virtual reality in the treatment of specific phobias: fear of flying, fear of heights, fear of being in certain situations (such as a dark barn, an enclosed bridge  ...  of the fear of heights).  ... 
pmid:10175343 fatcat:lxl2dv5ldfaibgbjmcgkpqvkvy

Better, Virtually: the Past, Present, and Future of Virtual Reality Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Philip Lindner
2020 International Journal of Cognitive Therapy  
Virtual reality (VR) is an immersive technology capable of creating a powerful, perceptual illusion of being present in a virtual environment.  ...  the capabilities and scalability of VR for mental health.  ...  The author wishes to thank Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41811-020-00090-7 fatcat:47zybq7ab5hztoe4ntfqirudla

Virtual Reality Therapy Versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Phobia: A Preliminary Controlled Study

E. Klinger, S. Bouchard, P. Légeron, S. Roy, F. Lauer, I. Chemin, P. Nugues
2005 CyberPsychology & Behavior  
Virtual reality technologies are an interesting alternative to the standard exposure in social phobia, especially since studies have shown its usefulness for the fear of public speaking.  ...  The effect-sizes comparing the efficacy of VRT to the control traditional group-CBT revealed that the differences between the two treatments are trivial. 76  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The presented work is part of the VEPSY Updated (IST-2000-25323) research project ( It is funded by the Commission of the European Communities.  ... 
doi:10.1089/cpb.2005.8.76 pmid:15738695 fatcat:kpd5dla2d5cffnv7mq5t36tqmi

Application of 'Virtual Realities' in Psychotherapy: Possibilities, Limitations and Effectiveness [chapter]

Christiane Eichenberg
2010 Virtual Reality  
Conclusion First studies show that virtual realities are an effective instrument within behavior therapy treatment of anxiety disorders.  ...  There are no indications that VR treatment of fear of heights and fear of flying, for example, are less effective than traditional in-vivo exposure therapy.  ...  The most typical fields for the application of virtual reality are medicine and engineering.  ... 
doi:10.5772/12914 fatcat:i7q2fhqjffbfpbjybsav6kygga

Virtual reality and psychotherapy

Cristina Botella, Soledad Quero, Rosa M Baños, Conxa Perpiñá, Azucena García Palacios, Giuseppe Riva
2004 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
Virtual Reality (VR) is a new technology consisting on a graphic environment in which the user, not only has the feeling of being physically present in a virtual world, but he/she can interact with it.  ...  Especially interesting for us is the use of VR as a therapeutic tool in the treatment of psychological disorders.  ...  North's group at the University of Clark Atlanta is studying the usefulness of VR for the treatment of fear of public speaking.  ... 
pmid:15295145 fatcat:4wfooztlr5dq5cpgbdrgbrmimu

Cloud Based Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy Service for Public Speaking Anxiety

Justas Šalkevičius, Audronė Miškinytė, Lukas Navickas
2019 Information  
Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) can help solve these problems by placing the patient in a simulated 3D environment.  ...  Public speaking anxiety is commonly treated using cognitive behavioral therapy.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to give special thanks to psychologist Ilona Laukiene for consultations. She helped us to conduct VRET sessions that were described in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info10020062 fatcat:jmr5eaad5nhsbktpgotcjlni5i

DJINNI: A Novel Technology Supported Exposure Therapy Paradigm for SAD Combining Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Maher Ben-Moussa, Marius Rubo, Coralie Debracque, Wolf-Gero Lange
2017 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
feasible and effective AR/virtual reality-based exposure therapy.  ...  DJINNI also comprises an innovative virtual reality exposure therapy system that is adaptive and customizable to the demands of the in vivo experience and therapeutic progress.  ...  heights; fear of open spaces; audiences for fear of speaking in public, etc.), virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has become a tangible solution (3) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00026 pmid:28503155 pmcid:PMC5408008 fatcat:t2mndsesufgq3ij7xxcc2bpawi

Virtual Reality

Jesse Fox, Dylan Arena, Jeremy N. Bailenson
2009 Journal of Media Psychology  
Specifically, we review the literature on the study of VR as an object, wherein we discuss the effects of the technology on human users; VR as an application, wherein we consider real-world applications  ...  In this article, we provide the nontechnical reader with a fundamental understanding of the components of virtual reality (VR) and a thorough discussion of the role VR has played in social science.  ...  We would like to thank all of our coders for their hard work on this project: Liz Tricase, Deonne Castaneda, Amanda Zhang, Suejung Shin, Brandon Herzog, Amanda Le, Maddy Coon, Jeff Wear, and Nicole Fernandez  ... 
doi:10.1027/1864-1105.21.3.95 fatcat:6eml75ucjzhzjlws4nso5rf52e

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: Small Samples and No Controls?

Sarah Page, Matthew Coxon
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
In a VRET treatment protocol, an individual is immersed into a virtual environment that allows for sensory exposure to the feared stimuli via computer-generated displays.  ...  Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) has the potential to help clinicians manage a range of symptoms related to anxiety disorders (e.g., Rothbaum et al., 1995; North et al., 1996) .  ...  This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00326 pmid:27014137 pmcid:PMC4786550 fatcat:wuxwyq4vvbambpqx7rg36jhhkm

Editorial: The Use of Virtual-Reality Interventions in Reducing Anxiety

Preethi Premkumar, Nadja Heym, Page Lyn Anderson, David Brown, Alexander Sumich
2022 Frontiers in Virtual Reality  
Wechsler et al. examined the effect of external-focus attention training in participants with high public-speaking anxiety.  ...  INTRODUCTION Virtual-reality (VR) therapy for anxiety disorders has emerged with the advent of VR technology.  ...  Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frvir.2022.853678 doaj:7a5cbde8b58d4ece8f15c39d72da596f fatcat:syshdo5fabfejisrlg5yrlejna

Virtual Reality in Psychotherapy: Review

Giuseppe Riva
2005 CyberPsychology & Behavior  
This review outlines the current state of clinical research relevant to the development of virtual environments for use in psychotherapy.  ...  More than a decade has passed since the first clinical applications-which were focused mainly on the treatment of specific phobias, that is "virtual exposure"-were brought to the attention of academic  ...  Virtual reality system for treatment of the fear of public speaking using image-based rendering and moving pictures. CyberPsychology & Behavior 5:191-195. 21.  ... 
doi:10.1089/cpb.2005.8.220 pmid:15971972 fatcat:dxbdkjruw5hnlhcnidn46spogy
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