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Viewpoint: When Will AI Exceed Human Performance? Evidence from AI Experts

Katja Grace, John Salvatier, Allan Dafoe, Baobao Zhang, Owain Evans
2018 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
Here we report the results from a large survey of machine learning researchers on their beliefs about progress in AI.  ...  Researchers predict AI will outperform humans in many activities in the next ten years, such as translating languages (by 2024), writing high-school essays (by 2026), driving a truck (by 2027), working  ...  We thank the Future of Humanity Institute (Oxford), the Future of Life Institute, and the Open Philanthropy Project for supporting this work.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.1.11222 fatcat:svz2aektrnbkfhktl42xs2zpua

Landing AI on Networks: An equipment vendor viewpoint on Autonomous Driving Networks [article]

Dario Rossi, Liang Zhang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
AI has achieved in other fields.  ...  The tremendous achievements of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in computer vision, natural language processing, games and robotics, has extended the reach of the AI hype to other fields: in telecommunication  ...  From a hardware viewpoint, these AI tasks can leverage a large fleet of cloud resources, spanning several type of AI accelerators.  ... 
arXiv:2205.08347v1 fatcat:vnu5wrf4ujcwpcmxqb2jii3ifu

Does the Whole Exceed its Parts? The Effect of AI Explanations on Complementary Team Performance [article]

Gagan Bansal, Tongshuang Wu, Joyce Zhou, Raymond Fok, Besmira Nushi, Ece Kamar, Marco Tulio Ribeiro, Daniel S. Weld
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, prior studies observed improvements from explanations only when the AI, alone, outperformed both the human and the best team.  ...  Many researchers motivate explainable AI with studies showing that human-AI team performance on decision-making tasks improves when the AI explains its recommendations.  ...  In a team setting, when given an input, the human uses (usually imperfect) recommendations from an AI model to make the final decision.  ... 
arXiv:2006.14779v3 fatcat:763byqoxrrdttm3wyhhzys3qla

Machine Performance and Human Failure: How Shall We Regulate Autonomous Machines?

Horst G. M. Eidenmueller
2019 Social Science Research Network  
1 ABSTRACT Machines powered by artificial intelligence ("AI") are on the rise. In many use cases, their performance today already exceeds human capabilities.  ...  A pure welfarist conception of "the good" will tend to move a society into a direction in which autonomous systems will eventually take a prominent role.  ...  INTRODUCTION Machines powered by artificial intelligence ("AI") are on the rise. 2 In many use cases, their performance today already exceeds human capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3414602 fatcat:gatzcrh6cjgnbffit4eapd3lha

Performance-Enhancing Drugs

Jonathan T. Finnoff, Gary P. Chimes, Thomas H. Murray
2010 PMR  
21 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 22 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 23 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 25 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:  ...  55 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 57 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 59 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:06 PM Page 61 AI Performance Drugs INT 8/7/02 2:  ...  WADA has begun conducting unannounced, out-of-competition tests that it believes will reduce the prevalence of drugs in the Olympics and other international competitions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.03.016 pmid:20430331 fatcat:vf3ixvet65hyvppoke6v2sfmou

Cognitive Technologies: The Design of Joint Human-Machine Cognitive Systems

David D. Woods
1986 The AI Magazine  
It is insufficient to say, "human diagnostic performance (even by experts) is not as good as I would like, therefore I will build a machine for diagnosis."  ...  The analysis of a hypothetical computer consultant from the joint cognitive system viewpoint reveals some of the kinds of problemsolving errors that can occur when one attempts to build a problem-solving  ... 
dblp:journals/aim/Woods86 fatcat:dgiu44mhqndehgfirqcpfcebwe

Special Issue Editorial: Artificial Intelligence in Organizations: Implications for Information Systems Research

Hind Benbya, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, Stella Pachidi, Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa, Cambridge JudgeBusiness School, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, McCombs School of Business, University of Texas at Austin, U.S.A.
2021 Journal of the AIS  
Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies offer novel, distinctive opportunities and pose new significant challenges to organizations that set them apart from other forms of digital technologies.  ...  We discuss the differentiated effects that AI brings about and the implications for future IS research.  ...  Human vs. Machine Bias Often, managers assume that automating decisions with AI will remove humans from the loop, thus reducing or eliminating human bias.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00662 fatcat:qh37poidffhtffllg33lqcbgca

On Assessing Trustworthy AI in Healthcare. Machine Learning as a Supportive Tool to Recognize Cardiac Arrest in Emergency Calls

Roberto V. Zicari, James Brusseau, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Helle Collatz Christensen, Megan Coffee, Marianna B. Ganapini, Sara Gerke, Thomas Krendl Gilbert, Eleanore Hickman, Elisabeth Hildt, Sune Holm, Ulrich Kühne (+28 others)
2021 Frontiers in Human Dynamics  
By leveraging an interdisciplinary team, we aim to expose the complex trade-offs and the necessity for such thorough human review when tackling socio-technical applications of AI in healthcare.  ...  To guide future developments in AI, the High-Level Expert Group on AI set up by the European Commission (EC), recently published ethics guidelines for what it terms "trustworthy" AI.  ...  In this context "too low" is when the AI system performs poorer than the dispatchers, hence will not be of any help.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fhumd.2021.673104 fatcat:tjcu5mrkufajtmz4qr6ohxsvhe

IN-SEASON HEAD-COACH DISMISSALS AND THE PERFORMANCE OF PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL TEAMS

Jan C. van Ours, Martin A. van Tuijl
2015 Economic Inquiry  
From this we conclude that replacement of head-coaches does not improve team performance.  ...  We exploit data from the highest level of Dutch professional football during 14 successive seasons.  ...  The results are mostly significant from a statistical viewpoint, but fairly small from a business viewpoint. 1 Professional (association) football presents a fruitful soil for the analysis of major management  ... 
doi:10.1111/ecin.12280 fatcat:h5ssx5axazfa7dred3u4hsw2pm

A Historical Interaction between Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy [article]

Youheng Zhang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper reviews the historical development of AI and representative philosophical thinking from the perspective of the research paradigm.  ...  Additionally, it considers the methodology and applications of AI from a philosophical perspective and anticipates its continued advancement.  ...  Much specialized work has been performed an umpteen times before becoming a human expert. Once a machine has reasoned, it encounters concerns that might no less than a human expert.  ... 
arXiv:2208.04148v1 fatcat:abk5poa3k5gkjoxezj4d6wynuu

Nursing in the Age of Artificial Intelligence: Protocol for a Scoping Review

Christine Buchanan, M Lyndsay Howitt, Rita Wilson, Richard G Booth, Tracie Risling, Megan Bamford
2020 JMIR Research Protocols  
In addition to the electronic database searches, a targeted website search will be performed to access relevant grey literature.  ...  A symposium will be held to share insights gained from this scoping review with key thought leaders and a cross section of stakeholders from administration, clinical care, education, policy, and research  ...  authors have suggested that global spending on digital health technologies that incorporate AI will exceed $36 billion by 2025 [9] .  ... 
doi:10.2196/17490 pmid:32297873 pmcid:PMC7193433 fatcat:zgjmgfopdvaw3kwqzpfqtgaioe

How Smart Technology Affects the Well-Being and Supportive Learning Performance of Logistics Employees?

Fei Jiang, Li Wang, Jian-Xin Li, Jie Liu
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
Using the S-O-R model as a framework, the researchers argue that smart technology (Stimuli) will increase corporate trust, self-efficacy, and well-being (Organism), resulting in improved learning performance  ...  The respondents (n = 516) in the present study are made up of employees from 10 logistics companies located in China. The data analysis is conducted using the AMOS software.  ...  Evolutionary psychology can provide an alternative (or additional) explanation for the potential variations in interest sparked by human learning partners and AI.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.768440 pmid:35126235 pmcid:PMC8810824 fatcat:qtrvfk5yfrcdlcrb6ig5foesn4

The Ethical Considerations of Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Decision Support

Taran John
2022 Proceedings of the Wellington Faculty of Engineering Ethics and Sustainability Symposium  
Proponents of AI based CDS argue that range of evidence utilised by ML based methods exceed that of a HCP.  ...  Although people ranging from computer science experts to politicians are touting AI as a key part of the medical crisis solution, the ethical considerations of such technologies are still hotly debated  ... 
doi:10.26686/wfeess.vi.7649 fatcat:wtsfyqzpszhq3dgmphybvjdmaq

Understanding and Common Sense: Two Sides of the Same Coin? [chapter]

Kristinn R. Thórisson, David Kremelberg
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The concept of "common sense" ("commonsense") has had a visible role in the history of artificial intelligence (AI), primarily in the context of reasoning and what's been referred to as "symbolic knowledge  ...  possibly share a common mechanism, a large majority of efforts to implement common sense in machines has taken an orthogonal approach to understanding proper, with different aims, goals and outcomes from  ...  While humans have many domains and resources to draw from, programs fail when situations exceed their limitations (Lenat et al. 1990 ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-63703-7_19 fatcat:cjwtxkvzdnhrlgiaqzpnl2leti

Differing Methodological Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence

Rogers P. Hall, Dennis F. Kibler
1985 The AI Magazine  
For a reader of the AI literature, an understanding of the various methodological perspectives will be of immediate benefit, giving a framework for understanding and evaluating research reports In addition  ...  It is argued that researchers should make their methodological orientations explicit when communicating research results, to increase both the quality of research reports and their comprehensibility for  ...  In the case of MACSYMA, program performance actually exceeds that of all but a few human experts.  ... 
dblp:journals/aim/ChandrasekaranS85a fatcat:5wvyemwgxzhupdkfxisssqylx4
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