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Viable Threat on News Reading: Generating Biased News Using Natural Language Models [article]

Saurabh Gupta, Huy H. Nguyen, Junichi Yamagishi, Isao Echizen
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we use a threat model to demonstrate that the publicly available language models can reliably generate biased news content based on an input original news.  ...  Recent advancements in natural language generation has raised serious concerns.  ...  In this paper, we use a threat model (Figure 1 ) to demonstrate that publicly available language models can reliably generate biased news content based on original news.  ... 
arXiv:2010.02150v1 fatcat:tbboz4mrb5cpriipqamzwoobmi

Viable Threat on News Reading: Generating Biased News Using Natural Language Models

Saurabh Gupta, Hong Huy Nguyen, Junichi Yamagishi, Isao Echizen
2020 Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Computational Social Science   unpublished
In this paper, we use a threat model to demonstrate that the publicly available language models can reliably generate biased news content based on an input original news.  ...  Recent advancements in natural language generation has raised serious concerns.  ...  In this paper, we use a threat model (Figure 1 ) to demonstrate that publicly available language models can reliably generate biased news content based on original news.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.nlpcss-1.7 fatcat:3s6vfhgrx5bxxmptmh4hcjvrv4

Reading & writing

2006 Language Teaching  
language use: Perspectives on Pasifika language use in South Auckland.  ...  use while reading.  ...  In terms of methodology, to date most genre-based studies have employed one or the other of Swales ' (1981/1990 ) move-analytic models of text analysis to investigate whether or not the generic prototypical  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444806233317 fatcat:gsvwprv2w5hbbe6zvrrfcwdbg4

Reading and writing

2003 Language Teaching  
There has been a new emphasis in recent years on the role of the reader in top-down and interactive models of reading, together with a recognition of the part played by schema theory in reading comprehension  ...  This article uses a sociocultural framework to suggest task engagement as a viable construct in second language (L2) learning research.  ...  He offers an alternative model, one suggested by Cameron (1995) , as a means of carrying out wellreasoned debate on the use of the Spanish language for academic purposes in the United States.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444802231894 fatcat:5rp624cy3bdutfmmpgkob4zz4i

Reading and writing

2003 Language Teaching  
the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages: i.e., Communication, Cultures, Connections, Comparisons, Communities.  ...  A group of intermediate German students (N = 32) worked with the computer-mediated segment and rated the segment's effectiveness on a Likertscale questionnaire based on the goal standards of the 5 Cs of  ...  New theories in second language teaching and learning stress the impact of Universal Grammar on the natural acquisition of language.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444803231931 fatcat:jueck7f4s5eyhgku6tjweyq3om

Reading an uncertain future [chapter]

Colin White
2004 Strategic Management  
relevant to strategy making • learn how to read the general environment • understand what is involved in forecasting the future • identify the different kinds of risks to which the enterprise is exposed  ...  opportunities and manage the risk arising from unanticipated threats.  ...  The aim of reading the general environment is to identify, at least in general terms, opportunities and threats specific to the organization which might emerge in the future.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-230-55477-1_4 fatcat:ig5pl2mehnf57bmjfguz2f6ifi

3.2 Reading Shannon Jackson [chapter]

2020 Curating Contemporary Music Festivals  
a piece, but on the other a threat to job security because of its predisposition towards short-term contracts that tend to also skimp on employee benefits and social security.  ...  Mitchell's understanding implies fundamentally a lack of purity, an in-between state dependent on the nature of the encounter: all media are mixed media.  ... 
doi:10.14361/9783839452431-011 fatcat:tucp2i4c3fgobanz3yvxckiake

Who Should Read This Book [chapter]

2016 Securing the Outdoor Construction Site  
This is a viable option because, at the transaction layer, HTTP is very simple and general.  ...  Other languages generally follow one of these two models. There are a number of well-known environment variables you can expect to find defined on startup of a program from the Unix shell.  ...  The underlying problem is the same as 'big bag of bytes' Unix's object model is weak, leaving no natural places to put many auxiliary operations.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-802383-9.00019-8 fatcat:5cxlhe2k4fbjzfwouwq6qa7iqe

The empirical investigation of Perspective-Based Reading

Victor R. Basili, Scott Green, Oliver Laitenberger, Filippo Lanubile, Forrest Shull, Sivert S�rumg�rd, Marvin V. Zelkowitz
1996 Empirical Software Engineering  
The subjects read two types of documents, one generic in nature and the other from the NASA domain, using two reading techniques, a PBR technique and their usual technique.  ...  ., uncovers a wider range of defects, than the same number of readers using their usual technique.  ...  We also discuss several threats that we were unable to foresee, and the impact of those new threats on our results.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00368702 fatcat:kuycwbkzdrgfpljack4nsfy5fu

Language Connections: Writing and Reading across the Curriculum

Barbara C. Mallonee, Toby Fulwiler, Art Young
1985 College composition and communication  
; (7) using narration to shape experience; (8) readers and expressive language; (9) what every educator should know about reading research; ('10) reconciling readers and texts; (11) peer critiques, teacher  ...  A concluding chapter provides a select bibliography on language and learning across the curriculum. (FL)  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the people who helped us develop the "writing across the curriculum" program at Michigan Technological University and who helped create this book, which grew out  ... 
doi:10.2307/357448 fatcat:2jozwy2esza5pb5tkr2iitffkm

Parent Tutoring in Reading Using Literature and Curriculum Materials: Impact on Student Reading Achievement

Kelly A. Powell-Smith, Gary Stoner, Mark R. Shinn, Roland H. Good
2000 School psychology review  
New York: Guilford. Shinn, M. R. (1995). Best practices in curriculum-based measurement and its use in a problem-solving model. In A. Thomas & J.  ...  School Psychology Review 2000, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 5-27 GENERAL ISSUE Parent Tutoring in Reading Using Literature and Curriculum Materials: Impact on Student Reading Achievement Kelly A.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02796015.2000.12085995 fatcat:342zpsyvcvdcngizl4uvmuug3a

Self-Control Revisited: Or Why Doesn't Anyone Actually Read Skinner (1953)

T. A. Brigham
1980 The Behavior Analyst  
by the new language responses.  ...  What about the models to come? Unfortunately, there are no more models.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03391839 pmid:22478478 pmcid:PMC2741835 fatcat:3ib7wxg5frez7c2z5xkvnmisaa

The effect of contextual constraint on parafoveal processing in reading

Elizabeth R. Schotter, Michelle Lee, Michael Reiderman, Keith Rayner
2015 Journal of Memory and Language  
Its presence seems to depend on (at least) the language being read, visual properties of the text (e.g., initial letter capitalization), the type of relationship between preview and target, and as shown  ...  here, semantic constraint generated by the prior sentence context.  ...  We thank Jeff Elman, Denis Drieghe, and two anonymous reviewers for helpful feedback on previous drafts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2015.04.005 pmid:26257469 pmcid:PMC4525713 fatcat:cydyyzp4vrgwla5bioafummk64

Reading Rx: Better Teachers, Better Supervisors, Better Programs

M. Jean Greenlaw, Joseph S. Nemeth
1978 English Journal  
Twelve chapters in part one focus on teacher training, both preservice and inservice; seven chapters in part two concern reading specialists--qualifications and techniques.  ...  Part three, in seven chapters, treats specifically some of the reading programs which teachers implement as a consequence of their training. (JM)  ...  At the present time, there are those who indicate that the approach to teaching reading must make use of the child's natural language.  ... 
doi:10.2307/815094 fatcat:uv7q4tuc4negdccg2l7th6g444

Experimental Writing and Reading across Borders in Decolonizing Contexts

Diana Brydon
2016 Ariel: A Review of International English Literature  
Reading across epistemic borders in a globalizing world requires a revised understanding of how experimentation functions in decolonizing contexts by intervening to trouble the prevailing paradigms through  ...  new forms for representing cognitive justice in its many different potential manifestations, thus revealing the vitality of nonscalable worlds and the links between the scalable and the nonscalable.  ...  the generation of multispecies life" ("On Nonscalability" 523).  ... 
doi:10.1353/ari.2016.0001 fatcat:mk7o5p6eqjd5bjj7mamkenmxje
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