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How Do New Languages Arise? A Comparison of Romanization and Gallicization

Adrienn Gulyás
2020 Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae  
Based on the comparison, it will be claimed that new languages arise when a language undergoes vehicularization and subsequently shifts from one speech community to another.  ...  The Founder Principle determines key ecological factors in the formation of creole vernaculars, such as the founding populations and their proportion to the whole, language varieties spoken, and the nature  ...  Strategies second language learners use in a spontaneous learning context seem to result in restructurations and changes similar to the ones that can be found in languages that underwent vehicularization  ... 
doi:10.1556/068.2019.59.1-4.3 fatcat:yy4vvgurv5b2dl5cpbsalg7uuu

Le Vernaculaire: A Brief Lexical History in French [chapter]

Christina Kullberg
2018 World Literatures: Exploring the Cosmopolitan-Vernacular Exchange  
Alexander Beecroft argues that "a language is a dialect with a literature" and that the process of language emerging through and with the creation of literature is best described in terms of vernacularisation  ...  This chapter proposes to trace French early modern understandings of the word vernacular in order to see what kinds of conceptual possibilities lie in the very history of the word.  ...  distinct from vehicular language by virtue of it being restricted to a region and its culture.  ... 
doi:10.16993/bat.c fatcat:detmhw6qyvfr5ji2ueajmv2zne

Significance of Informal Trading Activities in The Emergence of Urban Spatial Vernacular: Case Study of Lagos Island, Nigeria

Adekoyejo Babatunde Jolaoso, Onolaja O. A
2021 Local Wisdom Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal  
Keywords : informal trading; urban space; built environment; vernacular; sustainability  ...  indigenous Ibo language is used as secondary language for communication.  ...   Comprises of roadway, pedestrian path/building setback and a major vehicular and pedestrian link way, hence, a multifunctional route designed for vehicular and pedestrian traffic (plate. 6).  ... 
doi:10.26905/lw.v13i1.5177 fatcat:iizjxeevmjdsngjszfkdzih5ai

Page 195 of The Library Vol. 10, Issue 2 [page]

2009 The Library  
Their confi dence and pride in French even ran to suggesting that it would be useful both as a vehicular as well as a vernacular language and that it would be unwis« tor scholars across Europe to ignore  ...  French was, they argued, an appropriate language for the full range of intellectual endeavours covering subjects such as literature, philosophy, theology, and history.  ... 

Page 1401 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 27, Issue 3 [page]

1993 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
of Acculturation and Languages of Identity.  ...  is divided into distinct vernacular & integrative functions, the latter expressing per- sonality; & the combination of language system & language as social fact is rejected.  ... 

Page 9 of Literature East and West Vol. 12, Issue 1 [page]

1968 Literature East and West  
Without this the reader will fail to spot unconscious (or conscious) translations by the writer from his vernacular to the vehicular European language. 2.  ...  Understanding of the literature of the metropolitan country and vehicular language which the African writer employs, to trace sources and influences arising from the writer's education—which by its very  ... 

Impact of Standardisation and Vehicularization: The case of Tɔŋúgbe in South-Eastern Ghana and Fula (Adamawa) in Northern Cameroon

Jean Pierre Boutché, Promise Dodzi Kpoglu
2017 Histoire Epistémologie Langage  
We demonstrate in the light of Tɔŋúgbe in south-eastern Ghana and vehicular Fula in Northern Cameroon that natural languages are social objects in motion, which can be institutionally and/or socially subjected  ...  and phonology.  ...  Unlike vernacular Fula, vehicular Fula Adamawa tends to break the law of nominal class agreement (NCA).  ... 
doi:10.1051/hel/2017390104 fatcat:wa3lxxcddjb3ve375f27u42sve

Plural Toponyms: When Place Names Coexist

Frédéric Giraut
2020 EchoGéo  
The tautological neo-toponym thus associates a demotivated endonym in the former vernacular with a neonym of the same meaning in the vehicular language.  ...  One of the most obvious lessons from this set of studies and analyses is the richness and political power of vernacular language when it competes with official language, in contexts as diverse as cities  ... 
doi:10.4000/echogeo.20760 fatcat:uhcxp642afek3fjgr5ucdz2b4y

Linguistic and Political Ferment in the Franco-Italian Epic: TheGeste Francoras Minor Literature

Luke Sunderland
2011 Exemplaria : A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies  
Prestige, referential and mythical languages are combined with vernacular and vehicular tongues of more pragmatic value.  ...  For Kafka, the vernacular was Czech, German was a vehicular language, the classical German of Goethe was referential, and the mythical language beyond was Hebrew (Kafka 46).  ... 
doi:10.1179/174963111x13009808981910 fatcat:nimtli5bvvft7h6w6zbjgqccfa

Regional Shift to Bahasa Indonesia: �Old Vernacular� in a New Identity

Ninuk Kleden Probonegoro, Imelda - Imelda
2017 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities  
uenced their Gamkonoran language and culture. Through ethnographic studies, the authors found that two languagesIndonesian and Gamkonoranhave di?erent roles in their culture.  ...  The use of these languages is related to the residual traces of the powers that have ruled the area in the history of North Maluku: the Ternate sultanate, European colonialists and Indonesian central government  ...  Gobard (in Johnston 1992: 52-53) determines the affinity between language and culture through his concepts about language functions: vernacular, vehicular, referential and mythic functions.  ... 
doi:10.14203/jissh.v5i1.29 fatcat:giywmqbykve2fntfgxfu6nx3c4

The Place of Literary Writings in Fiji's Education System An Overview of Hindi Writings in Fiji

Ravnil Narayan
2018 International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature  
The teaching of vernacular languages or mother tongues in the Pacific island countries is one of the most neglected and vulnerable areas in education.  ...  What used to be one's identity is now treated as a vehicular language, only to be used for conversational purposes.  ...  years six, seven and eight, leading up to Year 13 in high schools, students do better in English than in vernacular languages.  ... 
doi:10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.5p.43 fatcat:zmk64qnf3zdgjot72jffbrijay

The creation and critique of a Central African myth

William Samarin
1998 Revue française d histoire d outre-mer  
language when Europeans arrived.  ...  His I characterize as mythic, motivated by ideology and not grounded on historic and linguistic facts.  ...  Although Diki-Kidiri argues that the vehicular language took off from and is but an extension of the vernacular called Dendi, he insinuates a change by adding quotation marks, whose significance is ambiguous  ... 
doi:10.3406/outre.1998.3601 fatcat:2vnreaj3tzetbbuxs37y6mcwfi

El multilingüismo y el contexto checoslovaco de «Literatura menor»

2013 1616  
Drawing on the work of Henri Gobard, they propose (1986, 23) four functions of language (vernacular, vehicular, mythic, and referential) defined by location: «vernacular is here; vehicular language is  ...  In Prague, the «vernacular» Czech is the everyday language of most of the population, the «vehicular» German serves an official function in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the «mythic» Hebrew is limited  ... 
doaj:72aba3195f07429989b4d8e36453d775 fatcat:kijls2xfprc2bghmoe7dwbpi6y

Page 78 of The Journal of Negro Education Vol. 3, Issue 1 [page]

1934 The Journal of Negro Education  
What should be the vehicular language for the subject people?  ...  It seems gen- erally agreed that the European lan- guage must be taught at some time and that it will virtually displace the native vernacular in the more ad- vanced education by means of which the native  ... 

Ethnographic encounters: towards a minor politics of field access

Jeremy Aroles
2018 Culture and Organization  
Positioned as an ethnography of field access, this paper highlights the enmeshment of codes, practices and trajectories in the negotiation of field access and seeks to set the lines of a 'minor politics  ...  This paper aims to explore the insight that can be brought by Deleuze and Guattari's concept of minor literature with regards to questions of field access within the context of organizational ethnography  ...  In relation to Kafka, the vernacular language is Czech, the vehicular language is the German of Prague, the referential language is High German, and the mythical language is Hebrew.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14759551.2018.1443103 fatcat:cfapnnoz2baz5ffkkqqlphx7xm
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