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Verbal explanations by collaborating robot teams

Avinash Kumar Singh, Neha Baranwal, Kai-Florian Richter, Thomas Hellström, Suna Bensch
2020 Paladyn: Journal of Behavioral Robotics  
AbstractIn this article, we present work on collaborating robot teams that use verbal explanations of their actions and intentions in order to be more understandable to the human.  ...  Our setup is a robot team collaborating to achieve a common goal while explaining in natural language what they are currently doing and what they intend to do.  ...  A collaborating robot team For brevity, the basic mechanisms of plan derivation and plan execution are described by referring to an example with a team of three robots before we introduce our approach  ... 
doi:10.1515/pjbr-2021-0001 fatcat:2lkpdr73cndonfeblqiiktwgfe

A Survey of Mental Modeling Techniques in Human–Robot Teaming

Aaquib Tabrez, Matthew B. Luebbers, Bradley Hayes
2020 Current Robotics Reports  
Summary This paper provides a structured overview of mental model theory and methodology as applied to human-robot teaming.  ...  Mental models provide a formal mechanism for achieving fluent and effective teamwork during human-robot interaction by enabling awareness between teammates and allowing for coordinated action.  ...  -Effective communication: Information exchange, either verbal or non verbal, is pivotal for collaboration.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s43154-020-00019-0 fatcat:ieaqcv5mj5fxlkq4vvbc45id6q

The Influence of Robot Verbal Support on Human Team Members: Encouraging Outgroup Contributions and Suppressing Ingroup Supportive Behavior

Sarah Sebo, Ling Liang Dong, Nicholas Chang, Michal Lewkowicz, Michael Schutzman, Brian Scassellati
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
We conducted a between-subjects experiment (N = 39 groups, 117 participants) where the robot team member either (A) gave verbal support or (B) did not give verbal support to the human team members of a  ...  human-robot team comprised of 2 human ingroup members, 1 human outgroup member, and 1 robot.  ...  Another possible explanation for why verbal support from a robot reduces the amount of verbal backchannels received by an outgroup member is that the robot backchanneling the outgroup member makes the  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.590181 pmid:33424708 pmcid:PMC7793683 fatcat:np6hy7apavepzgs2ymgdbm2oue

Planning with Verbal Communication for Human-Robot Collaboration [article]

Stefanos Nikolaidis, Minae Kwon, Jodi Forlizzi, Siddhartha Srinivasa
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Human collaborators coordinate effectively their actions through both verbal and non-verbal communication. We believe that the the same should hold for human-robot teams.  ...  Human subject experiments show that enabling the robot to issue verbal commands is the most effective form of communicating objectives, while retaining user trust in the robot.  ...  Verbal communication in Human-Robot Teams Verbal communication in human-robot teams has been shown to affect collaboration, as well as people's perception of the robot (Mavridis, 2015; Thomaz et al.,  ... 
arXiv:1706.04694v1 fatcat:li6bld222fapblvpnlketptdle

How Robot Verbal Feedback Can Improve Team Performance in Human-Robot Task Collaborations

Aaron St. Clair, Maja Mataric
2015 Proceedings of the Tenth Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction - HRI '15  
We detail an approach to planning effective verbal feedback during pairwise human-robot task collaboration.  ...  The approach is motivated by social science literature as well as existing work in robotics and is applicable to a variety of task scenarios.  ...  Based on their transcribed verbalizations, these three types of communication were widely used across different teams and are wellsupported by our task model.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2696454.2696491 dblp:conf/hri/ClairM15 fatcat:pbm3fbz7qbh4zfptkxa3bv6ft4

Teaching and learning robotic surgery at the dual console: a video-based qualitative analysis

Hélène Cristofari, Minoa Karin Jung, Nadja Niclauss, Christian Toso, Laure Kloetzer
2021 Journal of Robotic Surgery  
Our analysis highlights the skills-in-construction of the surgeon in training regarding communication with the operating team, fluency of working with three hands, and awareness of the whole operating  ...  It also shows the divergent necessities of enabling verbalization for professional training, while ensuring a quiet and efficient environment for medical performance.  ...  Finally, collaboration modes are transformed during robotic intervention.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11701-021-01224-5 pmid:33723791 pmcid:PMC8863707 fatcat:nqybls7sgvdptodzasaptcexs4

Explainable Goal-Driven Agents and Robots – A Comprehensive Review [article]

Fatai Sado, Chu Kiong Loo, Wei Shiung Liew, Matthias Kerzel, Stefan Wermter
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Recent applications of autonomous agents and robots, such as self-driving cars, scenario-based trainers, exploration robots, and service robots have brought attention to crucial trust-related challenges  ...  Studies addressing the increasingly pervasive goal-driven agents and robots are still missing.  ...  Acknowledgment This research was supported by the Georg Forster Research Fellowship for Experienced Researchers from Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung/Foundation and Impact Oriented Interdisciplinary Research  ... 
arXiv:2004.09705v8 fatcat:ytz7hlwwdjd4na2h23rge3waqe

Explanations From a Robotic Partner Build Trust on the Robot's Decisions for Collaborative Human–Humanoid Interaction

Misbah Javaid, Vladimir Estivill-Castro
2021 Robotics  
We can create effective interactions that generate trust by augmenting robots with an explanation capability. The explanations provide justification and transparency to the robot's decisions.  ...  Our explanation-generation mechanism produces natural-language sentences that translate the decision taken by the robot into human-understandable terms.  ...  Activity 2 Robot provides verbal static explanations (see Figure 1b ): The robot provided verbal Static explanations of how to play the game to the human participants.  ... 
doi:10.3390/robotics10010051 fatcat:vswaksgbvvdm3npyugxtyt6u7i

Exploring the Implications of Virtual Human Research for Human-Robot Teams [chapter]

Jonathan Gratch, Susan Hill, Louis-Philippe Morency, David Pynadath, David Traum
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We consider challenges in advancing the effectiveness of human-robot teams makes recommendations for enhancing this by facilitating synergies between robotics and virtual human research.  ...  This article briefly explores potential synergies between the fields of virtual human and human-robot interaction research.  ...  This work is supported by the Army Research Laboratory.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-21067-4_20 fatcat:knrmpnwm4nc6liu2sfsnr5pc74

Designing a Social Robot to Support Children's Inquiry Learning: A Contextual Analysis of Children Working Together at School

Daniel P. Davison, Frances M. Wijnen, Jan van der Meij, Dennis Reidsma, Vanessa Evers
2019 International Journal of Social Robotics  
We observed a total of 22 primary school children working in pairs on a collaborative inquiry learning assignment in a real world situation at school.  ...  More and more, designers look towards robots and other social agents as viable educational tools.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecomm, which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-019-00555-6 fatcat:bheptszhknf7xi44bvpbfwv5uq

An Ethnomethodological Study of a Museum Guide Robot's Attempt at Engagement and Disengagement

Madhumita Ghosh, Hideaki Kuzuoka
2014 Journal of Robotics  
Most prominently, we found that a verbal gesture called "summative assessment" and a nonverbal gesture called the "lean-back" gesture are very effective as tools of disengagement.  ...  These tools help a robot guide to manage the audience in the same way as a human guide.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank their collaborators, Professor Paul Luff and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/876439 fatcat:26laok4t55b6dcxlb5iq2i6tma

The Role of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication in a Two-Person, Cooperative Manipulation Task

Sarangi P. Parikh, Joel M. Esposito, Jeremy Searock
2014 Advances in Human-Computer Interaction  
Motivated by the differences between human and robot teams, we investigated the role of verbal communication between human teammates as they work together to move a large object to a series of target locations  ...  Only one member of the group was told the target sequence by the experimenters, while the second teammate had no target knowledge.  ...  III was informed by the apparent ubiquity of the leader-follower architecture in both human-human and human-robot collaborative tasks (Sect. II-C). A.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/375105 fatcat:lvucxnekkbgg7pmn6mtet4ujwe

Designing Human-Agent Collaborations: Commitment, responsiveness, and support

Nazli Cila
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
., smart products, robots, software agents) are increasingly capable of working closely together with humans in a variety of ways while benefiting from each other.  ...  These human-agent collaborations have gained growing attention in the HCI community; however, the field lacks clear guidelines on how to design the agents' behaviors in collaborations.  ...  [26] and Hoffman and Breazeal [69] built dynamic collaborative frameworks for human-robot teams by adapting SCA.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491102.3517500 fatcat:calvcgbnjfcytcnsce52am7c3a

The Game of Thinking. Interactions Between Children and Robots in Educational Environments [chapter]

Luisa Zecca
2021 Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems  
AbstractEducational robotics (ER) fits into a constructivist perspective that aims to overcome the dichotomy between researchers and practitioners through collaborative research.  ...  The Laboratory of Robotics for the Cognitive and Social Sciences of the University of Milano-Bicocca, directed by Professor Edoardo Datteri, conducted a series of activities within this framework.  ...  guided by a verbal explanation of what movements the robot should make; 7. indifference to problems, which enables children to choose other strategies to reach the objective; 8. distress call and listening  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-77040-2_12 fatcat:lj36j2klyzc4rimbni2ijwwpoa

"Can You Cure me? Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Playing a Doctor Game With a Social Robot"

Ramona Simut, Cristina A. Costescu, Johan Vanderfaeillie, Greet van de Perre, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber
2016 International Journal of School Health  
Results: Although the children with ASD were more interested in and entertained by the robotic partner, the children did not have better performance in the game, and did not show significantly more collaborative  ...  The symbolic play task and the experimental setup were designed to test whether the children would engage in more collaborative behaviors while playing the doctor game with a social robot than performing  ...  A program created by the engineer of the team created a simple randomization sequence such that 16 children started with the robot condition and ended with the adult condition, while the other 14 started  ... 
doi:10.17795/intjsh-29584 fatcat:awai7piumreuda7glyzy2kg6dq
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