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Leveraging artificial intelligence to assist the ethical and science-based distribution of COVID-19 vaccines

Sheng Wu, Andreas Alois Reis, Sameer Pujari, Derrick Muneene, John Reeder
2021 Journal of Global Health  
To ensure timely administration of the vaccine, many countries and local authorities have prepared their COVID-19 vaccine distribution plan, with the prioritized groups and implementation phases identified  ...  W hile the COVID-19 vaccines are rolling out globally, the battle against COVID-19 has reached a breaking point, where 'decisions made by leaders and citizens will determine when the acute phase of the  ...  WHO issues its first emergency use validation for a Covid-19 vaccine and emphasizes need for equi-  ... 
doi:10.7189/jogh.11.03124 pmid:34912546 pmcid:PMC8645219 fatcat:7b7rvvlw4ngmdoq6zky6fqaaay

Transfer Learning for the Detection and Diagnosis of Types of Pneumonia including Pneumonia Induced by COVID-19 from Chest X-ray Images

Yusuf Brima, Marcellin Atemkeng, Stive Tankio Djiokap, Jaures Ebiele, Franklin Tchakounté
2021 Diagnostics  
It is essential to design affordable and accessible solutions to distinguish pneumonia caused by COVID-19 from other types of pneumonia.  ...  Accurate early diagnosis of COVID-19 viral pneumonia, primarily in asymptomatic people, is essential to reduce the spread of the disease, the burden on healthcare capacity, and the overall death rate.  ...  Several COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for vaccination and are being used in many countries around the world for COVID-19 immunization.  ... 
doi:10.3390/diagnostics11081480 fatcat:gwajuaxlsngfzn5ysmwk577bk4

A mathematical programming approach for equitable COVID-19 vaccine distribution in developing countries

Madjid Tavana, Kannan Govindan, Arash Khalili Nasr, Mohammad Saeed Heidary, Hassan Mina
2021 Annals of Operations Research  
This study presents a mixed-integer linear programming model for equitable COVID-19 vaccine distribution in developing countries.  ...  Developing countries scramble to contain and mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and world leaders demand equitable distribution of vaccines to trigger economic recovery.  ...  They validated their model using data from a cholera vaccine distribution chain.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10479-021-04130-z pmid:34099948 pmcid:PMC8172366 fatcat:e4zrdag7nvbjjj2mlq5fnz7hpu

Intention to receive a COVID-19 vaccine: results from a population-based survey in Canada

Gina S Ogilvie, Shanlea Gordon, Laurie W Smith, Arianne Albert, C Sarai Racey, Amy Booth, Anna Gottschlich, David Goldfarb, Melanie C M Murray, Liisa A M Galea, Angela Kaida, Lori A Brotto (+1 others)
2021 BMC Public Health  
to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.  ...  Two multivariable logistic regression models were conducted to determine factors associated with intention to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.  ...  Background The development of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines is a critical step in ending the pandemic [1, 2] . Across Canada vaccine distribution has commenced.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-021-11098-9 pmid:34051770 fatcat:tyrbmzt54rff7ody4lp4mrvr7e

Targeted COVID-19 Vaccination (TAV-COVID) Considering Limited Vaccination Capacities-An Agent-Based Modeling Evaluation

Beate Jahn, Gaby Sroczynski, Martin Bicher, Claire Rippinger, Nikolai Mühlberger, Júlia Santamaria, Christoph Urach, Michael Schomaker, Igor Stojkov, Daniela Schmid, Günter Weiss, Ursula Wiedermann (+10 others)
2021 Vaccines  
(1) Background: The Austrian supply of COVID-19 vaccine is limited for now.  ...  We aim to provide evidence-based guidance to the authorities in order to minimize COVID-19-related hospitalizations and deaths in Austria. (2) Methods: We used a dynamic agent-based population model to  ...  Acknowledgments: The project team was advised by members of the Standing Policy and Expert Panel (SPEP TAV-COVID) and other national and international experts on the selection of methods and interpretation  ... 
doi:10.3390/vaccines9050434 pmid:33925650 fatcat:wwo6rhwkijhzddq2rzt4loygyu

COVID-19 AGENT-BASED MODEL: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SIMULATOR APPLIED IN VACCINATION SCENARIOS FOR QUEZON CITY, PHILIPPINES

V. P. Bongolan, K. K. Ang, J. J. Celeste, J. M. Minoza, S. Caoili, R. L. Rivera, R. de Castro
2021 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
COVID-19 vaccines are rolling out in the Philippines but the supply remains limited; there is a need to optimize the distribution.  ...  In this study, we developed a COVID-19 agent-based model for Quezon City, a COVID-19 hotspot in the country.  ...  Validation of the recovery age distributions for the no vaccination scenario. Figure 3 . 3 Figure 3. Validation of the death age distributions for the no vaccination scenario.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-xlvi-4-w6-2021-65-2021 fatcat:7aofgqfaufdf5f5zz4gtolhgxi

Optimization in the Context of COVID-19 Prediction and Control: A Literature Review

Elizabeth Jordan, Delia E. Shin, Surbhi Leekha, Shapour Azarm
2021 IEEE Access  
Four new and different frameworks are proposed that capture the essence of analyzing COVID-19 (or any pandemic for that matter) and the relevant optimization models.  ...  From these studies, it is observed that since COVID-19 is a multifaceted problem, it cannot be studied from a single perspective or framework, and neither can the related optimization models.  ...  For example, the optimal treatment of COVID-19 patients, vaccine development and distribution, and COVID-19 transmission dynamics.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3113812 fatcat:z4cgdqiqzjblbawkfz7vb6fdb4

Leveraging Artificial Intelligence and Big Data to Optimize COVID-19 Clinical Public Health and Vaccination Roll-Out Strategies in Africa

Bruce Mellado, Jianhong Wu, Jude Dzevela Kong, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Ali Asgary, Mary Kawonga, Nalamotse Choma, Kentaro Hayasi, Benjamin Lieberman, Thuso Mathaha, Mduduzi Mbada, Xifeng Ruan (+2 others)
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
COVID-19 is imposing massive health, social and economic costs.  ...  -19-related CPH interventions.  ...  In South Africa the national government is responsible for COVID-19 vaccine procurement and distribution to the nine provinces where provincial governments are responsible for storage, distribution to  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18157890 fatcat:p5vewp2ip5edbb4k4ndoptfwnm

Optimizing spatial allocation of COVID‐19 vaccine by agent‐based spatiotemporal simulations

Shuli Zhou, Suhong Zhou, Zhong Zheng, Junwen Lu
2021 GeoHealth  
This study aims to examine the spatial heterogeneity of COVID-19 transmission in the city naturally, and optimize vaccine distribution strategies considering spatial prioritization.  ...  Optimizing allocation of vaccine, a highly scarce resource, is an urgent and critical issue during fighting against on-going COVID-19 epidemic.  ...  It tests theoretical hypothesis that (1) the herd immunity rate is spatially heterogeneous in a city when COVID-19 is spreading naturally; (2) the vaccine distribution can be optimized by a spatial heterogeneous  ... 
doi:10.1029/2021gh000427 pmid:34179672 pmcid:PMC8207830 fatcat:gja27nkjhfgphldzyf2lunli2i

Exploring the Power and Promise of In Silico Clinical Trials with Application in COVID-19 Infection

Abdelrahman H. Abdelmoneim, Safinaz I. Khalil, Hiba Awadelkareem Osman Fadl, Ayesan Rewane, Sahar G. Elbager
2021 Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences  
Conclusion: In silico clinical trials can be used in refining clinical trials for COVID-19 infection. Keywords: in silico, clinical trials, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, vaccine How  ...  COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically engulfed the world causing catastrophic damage to human society.  ...  Proposed ISCT protocol for COVID-19 vaccine Building on the previous evidence, we believe ISCTs could be a plausible option in the current COVID-19 pandemic, as the software and models needed can be tested  ... 
doi:10.18502/sjms.v16i3.9697 fatcat:qmaw3blnqrfcti2o3mwmbmujru

Comparison of COVID-19 vaccine prioritization strategies in the United States [article]

Lloyd A. C. Chapman, Poojan Shukla, Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer, Priya B. Shete, Tomas M. Leon, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, George W. Rutherford, Robert Schechter, Nathan C. Lo
2021 medRxiv   pre-print
A critical question in the COVID-19 pandemic is how to optimally allocate the first available vaccinations to maximize health impact.  ...  We calibrated the model to demographic and location data on 28,175 COVID-19 deaths in California up to December 30, 2020, and incorporated variation in risk by occupation and comorbidity status using published  ...  Results Demographic patterns of cases and deaths, model calibration, and validation As of December 30, 2020, 2,215,972 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 28,175 COVID-19 deaths had occurred in California.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.03.04.21251264 fatcat:o6lpzpx4cfcg5ldbnyv4qqrpbq

Optimal Allocation of the Limited COVID-19 Vaccine Supply in South Korea

Eunha Shim
2021 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
Herein, an age-structured model of COVID-19 spread in South Korea is parameterized to understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19.  ...  The model determines optimal vaccine allocation for minimizing infections, deaths, and years of life lost while accounting for population factors, such as country-specific age distribution and contact  ...  This study demonstrates the use of a mathematical model of disease transmission and optimization process to evaluate vaccine prioritization strategies against COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jcm10040591 pmid:33557344 fatcat:m7iorz6gbjdu7fxcklyskaqoau

Evaluation of Vaccination Strategies to Compare Efficient and Equitable Vaccine Allocation by Race and Ethnicity Across Time

Patricia Kipnis, Lauren Soltesz, Gabriel J. Escobar, Laura Myers, Vincent X. Liu
2021 JAMA Health Forum  
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We developed and internally validated the risk of COVID-19 infection and risk of hospitalization models on randomly split training and validation data sets.  ...  IMPORTANCE Identifying the most efficient COVID-19 vaccine allocation strategy may substantially reduce hospitalizations and save lives while ensuring an equitable vaccine distribution.  ...  Recent studies on COVID-19 vaccine distribution have focused on policies and practices to support the equity, transparency, accountability, availability, and access to COVID-19 vaccines. 27 While Schmidt  ... 
doi:10.1001/jamahealthforum.2021.2095 fatcat:pmhc6hu65bbdpkrq2qg5w4uphe

Forecasting COVID-19 Vaccination Trends in Indonesia using Machine Learning

Ahmad Fauzan Aqil, Hsi-Chieh Lee, Sofi Ismarilla Wardani
2021 Indonesian Scholars Scientific Summit Taiwan Proceeding  
The Prophet model results achieved an RMSE score of 0.176, which these results contained vaccines distributed in Indonesia.  ...  Medical treatment has resulted in vaccine findings that work as an immune system to block the COVID-19 reaction process.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Total COVID-19 cases per Daily. (Left) COVID-19 cases before distribution vaccines and (Right) COVID-19 cases before distribution vaccines.  ... 
doi:10.52162/3.2021118 fatcat:62ddf7c5efflpjxvtawwrhmywq

Assessing vaccination priorities for different ages and age-specific vaccination strategies of COVID-19 using an SEIR modelling approach

Cong Yang, Yali Yang, Yang Li, Sanjay Kumar Singh Patel
2021 PLoS ONE  
We build a dynamic model with vaccination which is extended the classical SEIR model.  ...  With the research and application of vaccines, there is an urgent need to develop some optimal vaccination strategies.  ...  In section 3, the validity of the model was verified, and the unknown parameters are estimated by fitting COVID-19 epidemic data.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0261236 pmid:34936650 pmcid:PMC8694484 fatcat:7337gzdclbh2ppiomgzxvhtaty
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