69 Hits in 6.6 sec

The neuroanatomy of general intelligence: sex matters

Richard J. Haier, Rex E. Jung, Ronald A. Yeo, Kevin Head, Michael T. Alkire
2005 NeuroImage  
Compared to men, women show more white matter and fewer gray matter areas related to intelligence.  ...  In men IQ/gray matter correlations are strongest in frontal and parietal lobes (BA 8, 9, 39, 40), whereas the strongest correlations in women are in the frontal lobe (BA10) along with Broca's area.  ...  Acknowledgment The UCI portion of this work was funded by a grant from NICHD to Dr. Haier (HD037427).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.11.019 pmid:15734366 fatcat:mqveo3xfy5dc7ejt6p76ykc3aa

Linking Brain Biology to Intellectual Endowment: A Review on the Associations of Human Intelligence With Neuroimaging Data

Aslan Satary Dizaji, Bruno Hebling Vieira, Mohmmad Reza Khodaei, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Elahe Parham, Gholam Ali Hosseinzadeh, Carlos Ernesto Garrido Salmon, Hamid Soltanianzadeh
2021 Basic and Clinical Neuroscience  
Then, we provide a survey of literature that has used multimodal DWI-fMRI to shed light on intelligence.  ...  about neural correlates of intelligence in humans.This review summarizes recent findings on the associations of human intelligence with neuroimaging data.  ...  (2012) 30 (16 M, 14 F) 18-26 22.8± 1.5 HAWIE-R A negative correlation between FA of Broca's area and VIQ, Positive association between Broca's area cortical thickness and VIQ Broca's Area  ... 
doi:10.32598/bcn.12.1.574.1 pmid:33995924 pmcid:PMC8114859 fatcat:vkdjjavpyzgs7ejma2ajog77ua

The Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) of intelligence: Converging neuroimaging evidence

Rex E. Jung, Richard J. Haier
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
linked through the expression of intelligence and reason.  ...  Overall, we conclude that modern neuroimaging techniques are beginning to articulate a biology of intelligence.  ...  That being said, DTI studies potentially may result in substantial contributions linking higher cortical functioning, including intelligence, to white matter fidelity.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07001185 pmid:17655784 fatcat:24xus3ep2bbejfxkzgrnm26nxa

Relating Inter-Individual Differences in Verbal Creative Thinking to Cerebral Structures: An Optimal Voxel-Based Morphometry Study

Feifei Zhu, Qinglin Zhang, Jiang Qiu, Xi-Nian Zuo
2013 PLoS ONE  
In the present work, optimal voxelbased morphometry (VBM) was employed to identify the structure that correlates verbal creativity (measured by the verbal form of Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking) across  ...  Overall, a highly verbal creative individual with superior verbal skills may demonstrate a greater computational efficiency in the brain areas involved in high-level cognitive processes including language  ...  In addition, language production and comprehension are known to be mediated by Broca's area (BA44 and BA45), which is a part of the left IFG [24] [25] [26] .  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079272 pmid:24223921 pmcid:PMC3818430 fatcat:xzele2wufncjnbczqafdrvoxk4

Early gray-matter and white-matter concentration in infancy predict later language skills: A whole brain voxel-based morphometry study

Dilara Deniz Can, Todd Richards, Patricia K. Kuhl
2013 Brain and Language  
Potential links between these structural predictors and infants' linguistic functions are discussed.  ...  Keywords: Voxel-based morphometry Infancy Cerebellum Hippocampus Posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) Cerebral peduncle Expressive language Receptive language a b s t r a c t Magnetic Resonance  ...  Acknowledgments Funding for the research was provided by the Santa Fe Institute Consortium, a grant to P.K.K. from the National Institutes of Health (HD37954), and funding for the University of Washington's  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2012.10.007 pmid:23274797 pmcid:PMC3551987 fatcat:jg6ni3h5g5c5td7nzdjincghgu

Neural Plasticity following Abacus Training in Humans: A Review and Future Directions

Yongxin Li, Feiyan Chen, Wenhua Huang
2016 Neural Plasticity  
The human brain has an enormous capacity to adapt to a broad variety of environmental demands.  ...  We concluded that although current studies have provided us with information about the mechanisms of abacus training, more research on abacus training is needed to understand its neural impact.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors acknowledge grant support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 31270026, no. 61427807) and support from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M572337  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/1213723 pmid:26881089 pmcid:PMC4736326 fatcat:p6elf7lksjew3k5tclrmorrlhu

Cognition in Friedreich's ataxia: a behavioral and multimodal imaging study

Imis Dogan, Eugenie Tinnemann, Sandro Romanzetti, Shahram Mirzazade, Ana S. Costa, Cornelius J. Werner, Stefan Heim, Kathrin Fedosov, Stefanie Schulz, Dagmar Timmann, Ilaria A. Giordano, Thomas Klockgether (+2 others)
2016 Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology  
Fifteen of each underwent structural and functional MRI using a verbal-fluency task with phonemic and semantic conditions.  ...  damage in FRDA. neurodegenerative disorder is caused by a homozygous pathological expansion of GAA-triplet repeats in the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene.  ...  KR and SR positions are funded partly by the Excellence Initiative of the German federal and state governments, and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF 01GQ1402 to KR).  ... 
doi:10.1002/acn3.315 pmid:27606341 pmcid:PMC4999591 fatcat:neqqxtgghfdr5mofjj3e32l3dq

The structure and connectivity of semantic memory in the healthy older adult brain

Greig I. de Zubicaray, Stephen E. Rose, Katie L. McMahon
2011 NeuroImage  
Here, using principal components analyses (PCA) of a battery of conceptual and non-conceptual tests coupled with voxel based morphometry (VBM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in a sample of healthy  ...  The anterior temporal lobes (ATLs) have been proposed to serve as a "hub" linking amodal or domain general information about the meaning of words, objects, facts and people distributed throughout the brain  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to B. O'Dowd and the late J.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.058 pmid:20807579 fatcat:2cde2nwszfc55bau4eb7h562ni

What Do Language Disorders Reveal about Brain–Language Relationships? From Classic Models to Network Approaches

Nina F. Dronkers, Maria V. Ivanova, Juliana V. Baldo
2017 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
In the 19th century, a series of famous case studies linked distinct speech and language functions to specific portions of the left hemisphere of the brain, regions that later came to be known as Broca's  ...  and Wernicke's areas.  ...  This article was also prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics and supported within the framework of a subsidy by the Russian  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617717001126 pmid:29198286 fatcat:umpkglvjxnbqvgojz54l3drm74

Gray and White Matter Distribution in Dyslexia: A VBM Study of Superior Temporal Gyrus Asymmetry

Marjorie Dole, Fanny Meunier, Michel Hoen, Emmanuel Andreas Stamatakis
2013 PLoS ONE  
We also identified a region in the left posterior STG in which the white matter distribution asymmetry was correlated to speech-in-noise comprehension abilities in dyslexic adults.  ...  These deficits are associated with known neurophysiological correlates, such as a reduction in the functional activation or a modification of functional asymmetry in the cortical regions involved in speech  ...  Moreover, the authors thank the three anonymous reviewers for invaluable assistance with the previous versions of the manuscript. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076823 pmid:24098565 pmcid:PMC3788100 fatcat:f6y7sxhitjgutj4onupnvnzexi

Neural Correlates of Developmental Speech and Language Disorders: Evidence from Neuroimaging

Frédérique Liégeois, Angela Mayes, Angela Morgan
2014 Current Developmental Disorders Reports  
Disorders of speech and language arise out of a complex interaction of genetic, environmental, and neural factors. Little is understood about the neural bases of these disorders.  ...  The variability in neuroimaging approach and heterogeneity within and across participant samples restricts our full understanding of the neurobiology of these conditions-reducing the potential for devising  ...  SLI (n=36; 24 M) TD (n=36; 24 M) SLI: 10.58(5-17) TD: 10.88 (5-17) VBM Older SLI : negative correlation btw verbal IQ and GM R perisylvian region, PPVT + GM occipital petalia None Increased  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40474-014-0019-1 pmid:25057455 pmcid:PMC4104164 fatcat:hoqashueofc37ktefbuwnrkzx4

Metabolic and Structural Signatures of Speech and Language Impairment in Corticobasal Syndrome: A Multimodal PET/MRI Study

Jacy Bezerra Parmera, Isabel Junqueira de Almeida, Marcos Castello Barbosa de Oliveira, Marcela Lima Silagi, Camila de Godoi Carneiro, Adalberto Studart-Neto, Carla Rachel Ono, Egberto Reis Barbosa, Ricardo Nitrini, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki, Artur Martins Coutinho
2021 Frontiers in Neurology  
Relative to the phonemic verbal fluency, we found a positive correlation at the left frontal opercular gyrus (p = 0.0003, R 2 = 0.3685), the inferior (p = 0.0004, R 2 = 0.3537), and the middle temporal  ...  Speech and language are commonly impaired, encompassing a broad spectrum of deficits. We aimed to investigate CBS speech and language impairment patterns in light of a multimodal imaging approach.  ...  All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2021.702052 pmid:34526958 pmcid:PMC8435851 fatcat:lfcej65j6nh23aywqi3fhcg6iq

Cerebral Asymmetry: A Quantitative, Multifactorial, and Plastic Brain Phenotype

Miguel E. Rentería
2012 Twin Research and Human Genetics  
Thanks to recent advances in neuroimaging, a series of studies documenting variation in symmetry and asymmetry as a function of age, gender, brain region, and pathological state, have been published in  ...  Given the prominent role that cerebral asymmetry plays in the organization of the brain, and its possible implication in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, further research in this area is  ...  Acknowledgments M.E.R. is supported by an Endeavour International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) and by a University of Queensland Research Scholarship (UQRS). Special thanks to Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1017/thg.2012.13 pmid:22856374 fatcat:xvc2bimjovasboybg32uzrwfoa

Mapping anatomical correlations across cerebral cortex (MACACC) using cortical thickness from MRI

Jason P. Lerch, Keith Worsley, W. Philip Shaw, Deanna K. Greenstein, Rhoshel K. Lenroot, Jay Giedd, Alan C. Evans
2006 NeuroImage  
The principal topic of investigation is whether the thickness of one area of the cortex changes in a statistically correlated fashion with changes in thickness of other cortical regions.  ...  Taking Brodmann Area (BA) 44 as a seed region revealed MACACC patterns strikingly similar to tractography maps obtained from diffusion tensor imaging.  ...  Jason Lerch is funded by a K.M. Hunter/CIHR Doctoral Research Award. We thank Dr. Alex Zijdenbos for his many insightful comments on this work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.01.042 pmid:16624590 fatcat:7qbrq4f4wndl5kwgjfmpivomx4

Structural magnetic resonance imaging data do not help support DSM-5 autism spectrum disorder category

Laura Pina-Camacho, Sonia Villero, Leticia Boada, David Fraguas, Joost Janssen, Maria Mayoral, Cloe Llorente, Celso Arango, Mara Parellada
2013 Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders  
Research in Autism Spectrum Abstract: This systematic review aims to determine whether or not structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) data support the DSM-5 proposal of an Autism Spectrum Disorder  ...  Regarding the notion of a spectrum, some studies support that AS and AD are similar but "quantitatively different" diagnostic categories, whereas others support that they are "qualitatively different"  ...  Broca's area (Jou et al., 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2012.08.013 fatcat:kso7f3ecsbcrzo7v4cmkhnhofu
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 69 results