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Estimating heading direction from monocular video sequences using biologically-based sensors

Michael J. Cree, John A. Perrone, Gehan Anthonys, Aden C. Garnett, Henry Gouk
2016 2016 International Conference on Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ)  
We present an alternative scheme which uses the properties of motion sensitive cells in the primate brain to derive the image motion and the camera heading vector.  ...  The traditional computer vision approach to this problem tracks visual features across frames in order to obtain 2-D image motion estimates from which the camera motion can be derived.  ...  One of the main goals of this line of research is to obtain 3-D depth estimates from the monocular 2-D video input, something that humans can do with very brief stimulus exposures.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ivcnz.2016.7804435 dblp:conf/ivcnz/CreePAGG16 fatcat:g664aogylna3rdeudguppl6kre

Testing a Biologically-Based System for Extracting Depth from Brief Monocular 2-D Video Sequences

John A. Perrone, Michael J. Cree, M. Hedayati, Dale Corlett
2018 2018 International Conference on Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ)  
This allows us to recover depth information from monocular video sequences and here we report on a series of tests that assess the accuracy of this novel approach to 3-D depth recovery.  ...  We have solved these two problems and can now obtain image flow and heading direction using mechanisms based on the properties of motion sensitive neurones in the brain.  ...  DISCUSSION We have shown that 3-D depth information can be recovered from an eight frame, monocular video sequence using a model based on the properties of neurons in the primate visual system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ivcnz.2018.8634781 dblp:conf/ivcnz/PerroneCHC18 fatcat:5lpmllaxyzdnvmahc3zx4pbyzm

The Analysis of Stereopsis

G. Poggio
1984 Annual Review of Neuroscience  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to thank the Neuroscience Research Institute of the Neuroscience Research Program for the kind hospitality and for the facilities provided to us during the writing of this review  ...  INTRODUCTION Our eyes capture different 2-D images of the objects around us and our brain uses these images to recover a description of the 3-D structure of the environ ment.  ...  ) to formulate the computa tional goal of human stereopsis as the extraction of disparity information from a pair of images, without the need of monocular cues.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.7.1.379 fatcat:u5abjgmz4jhaze3bhhvlbesxay

The Analysis of Stereopsis

G F Poggio, T Poggio
1984 Annual Review of Neuroscience  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to thank the Neuroscience Research Institute of the Neuroscience Research Program for the kind hospitality and for the facilities provided to us during the writing of this review  ...  INTRODUCTION Our eyes capture different 2-D images of the objects around us and our brain uses these images to recover a description of the 3-D structure of the environ ment.  ...  ) to formulate the computa tional goal of human stereopsis as the extraction of disparity information from a pair of images, without the need of monocular cues.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.ne.07.030184.002115 pmid:6370081 fatcat:u36fqxpesbbmpibsue3p3npzxa

From Whole-Brain Data to Functional Circuit Models: The Zebrafish Optomotor Response

Eva A. Naumann, James E. Fitzgerald, Timothy W. Dunn, Jason Rihel, Haim Sompolinsky, Florian Engert
2016 Cell  
Pretectal and brain stem projections of the medial terminal nucleus of the accessory optic system of the rabbit and rat as studied by anterograde and retrograde neuronal tracing methods. J. Comp.  ...  We thus reveal how distributed neurons collaborate to generate behavior and illustrate a paradigm for distilling functional circuit models from whole-brain data.  ...  Misha Ahrens, Isaac Bianco, and Martin Haesemeyer helped with useful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.10.019 pmid:27814522 pmcid:PMC5111816 fatcat:l73q2k5v6bfzdo37nygfsjx5eu

Pose Estimation Through Cue Integration: A Neuroscience-Inspired Approach

E. Chinellato, B. J. Grzyb, A. P. del Pobil
2012 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part B (Cybernetics)  
Experimental results suggest that the integration of multiple monocular and binocular cues can make robot sensory systems more reliable and versatile.  ...  The same results, compared with simulations and data from human studies, show that the model is able to reproduce some well-recognized neuropsychological effects.  ...  to what can be estimated simply using the inclination of segments in the 2-D image).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcb.2011.2168952 pmid:22027389 fatcat:oocdt4p24rhl5ghqj73mdqgtnu

Vision is required for the formation of binocular neurons prior to the classical critical period [article]

Liming Tan, Dario L. Ringach, S. Lawrence Zipursky, Joshua T. Trachtenberg
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Depth perception emerges from the development of binocular neurons in primary visual cortex. Vision is required for these neurons to acquire their mature responses to visual stimuli.  ...  This progressively changes the population of neurons in the binocular pool and this plasticity is sensitive to interocular differences prior to the critical period.  ...  Acknowledgement We thank all members of the Zipursky lab and Trachtenberg lab for constructive criticism of the manuscript. We thank Asavari Tiku for mouse genotyping.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.06.15.448591 fatcat:lq2n5q2cyzfspckfpyg522exfi

A neural model of how the brain computes heading from optic flow in realistic scenes

N. Andrew Browning, Stephen Grossberg, Ennio Mingolla
2009 Cognitive Psychology  
The current article develops a model that does both. The ViSTARS neural model describes interactions among neurons in the primate magnocellular pathway, including V1, MT + , and MSTd.  ...  Animals avoid obstacles and approach goals in novel cluttered environments using optic flow to compute heading with respect to the environment.  ...  Acknowledgements NAB, SG and EM were supported in part by CELEST, an NSF Science of Learning Center (NSF SBE-0354378) and the Office of Naval Research (ONR N00014-01-1-0624).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogpsych.2009.07.002 pmid:19716125 fatcat:bjv6l5zvrbbxlengselvpl26vq

Bio-inspired computer vision: Towards a synergistic approach of artificial and biological vision

N. V. Kartheek Medathati, Heiko Neumann, Guillaume S. Masson, Pierre Kornprobst
2016 Computer Vision and Image Understanding  
vision tasks from a biological per spective: image sensing, segmentation and optical flow.  ...  the two communities leading to the development of synergistic models of artificial and biological vision.  ...  GS M is supported by the European Union (Brainscales, FP7-FET-2010-269921), the french ANR (SPEED, ANR-13-SHS2-0 0 06 ) and CNRS.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2016.04.009 fatcat:lad5bwlqgbb5nhgtnxj6d32mc4

Extraction of Surface-Related Features in a Recurrent Model of V1-V2 Interactions

Ulrich Weidenbacher, Heiko Neumann, Eshel Ben-Jacob
2009 PLoS ONE  
One way for the human visual system to infer monocular depth cues could be to extract and interpret occlusions.  ...  The projection from 3D to 2D leads partially to occlusions of surfaces depending on their position in depth and on viewpoint.  ...  Processing of real-world data In order to examine how the model performs for real-world camera images we used an image taken from a desk scene where several papers and a transparent foil are arranged such  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005909 pmid:19526061 pmcid:PMC2691604 fatcat:ein3tfiffrec5alpvuw7mrhcu4

Temporal dynamics of binocular integration in primary visual cortex

Michele A. Cox, Kacie Dougherty, Jacob A. Westerberg, Michelle S. Schall, Alexander Maier
2019 Journal of Vision  
The neuronal basis for this brief period of fusion during incompatible binocular stimulation is unclear.  ...  In contrast, responses to compatible stimuli were either suppressed or enhanced (binocular facilitation) depending on the neurons' ocularity (selectivity for one eye over the other) and laminar location  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank S. Amemori, Dr. T.  ... 
doi:10.1167/19.12.13 pmid:31622471 pmcid:PMC6797477 fatcat:ut7l4eybnvgcjn5r7ezv2g42xa

Gain Modulation as a Mechanism for Coding Depth from Motion Parallax in Macaque Area MT

HyungGoo R. Kim, Dora E. Angelaki, Gregory C. DeAngelis
2017 Journal of Neuroscience  
To compute from motion parallax whether an object appears nearer or farther than the point of fixation requires combining retinal image motion with signals related to eye rotation, but the neurobiological  ...  Motion parallax is a monocular cue to depth that commonly arises during observer translation.  ...  For each combination of depth ratio and image speed, eye velocity was computed using the motion/pursuit law (Nawrot and Stroyan, 2009 ): d f Ϸ d␣/dt d/dt (10) d␣/dt Ϸ d f d/dt, where d is the depth of  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.0393-17.2017 pmid:28739582 pmcid:PMC5566866 fatcat:swe7kdldufh2fg4vtgolklagky

Contralateral Bias of High Spatial Frequency Tuning and Cardinal Direction Selectivity in Mouse Visual Cortex

Kirstie J. Salinas, Dario X. Figueroa Velez, Jack H. Zeitoun, Hyungtae Kim, Sunil P. Gandhi
2017 Journal of Neuroscience  
Studies in the primary visual cortex of carnivores and primates have confirmed that eye-specific neuronal response properties are largely matched.  ...  Using calcium imaging in awake mice of both sexes, we show that the spatial frequency preference of cortical responses to the contralateral eye is ϳ35% higher than responses to the ipsilateral eye.  ...  Image sequences typically covered a field of ϳ700 m ϫ 500 m and were acquired at 7.7 or 15.4 Hz (1024 lines) using Scanbox acquisition software (Scanbox) at a depth of 200 -250 m below the pia.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1484-17.2017 pmid:28924011 pmcid:PMC5647770 fatcat:w5hxf3ilu5fvtprmolk27r3mkm

Visual–vestibular estimation of the body's curvilinear motion through the world: A computational model

John A. Perrone
2018 Journal of Vision  
Yet the eye's rotation relative to the world needs to be measured accurately and its effect removed from the combined translation-rotation image motion in order for successful navigation to occur.  ...  The resultant image motion (vector flow field) is no longer purely radial, and it is difficult to infer the heading direction from such combined translation-plus-rotation flow fields.  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks to Aden Garnett, Dorion Liston, Frans Verstraten, and Hamish MacDougall for feedback and helpful discussions regarding the model.  ... 
doi:10.1167/18.4.1 pmid:29614151 fatcat:nkud67cehrcjblr6qiqcwrggui

Active estimation of distance in a robotic system that replicates human eye movement

Fabrizio Santini, Michele Rucci
2007 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
Many visual cues, both binocular and monocular, provide 3D information. When an agent moves with respect to a scene, an important cue is the different motion of objects located at various distances.  ...  This study proposes a method for estimating distance on the basis of the parallax that emerges from rotations of a camera.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the National Science Foundation grants BIC-0432104 and CCF-0130851.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2006.07.001 fatcat:z4jnhnb2nndz3n6jmq6exjbgf4
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