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Using qualitative reasoning for social simulation of crowds

Natalie Fridman, Gal A. Kaminka
2013 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
In this paper we describe a first attempt to use qualitative reasoning techniques to model demonstrations.  ...  We develop qualitative models consistent with the partial, qualitative social science literature, allowing us to model the interactions between different factors that influence violence in demonstrations  ...  Thus, we use a qualitative reasoning approach for integrating together these partial models. To the best of our knowledge, QR techniques have never been used for modeling crowd behavior phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2483669.2483687 fatcat:u4ozlmweu5dddknlcckl5vxzm4

Qualitative Methods of Validating Evacuation Behaviors [chapter]

Tomoichi Takahashi
2015 Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Modeling and Simulation, plus Econophysics Colloquium 2014  
Multi-agent simulations (MAS) have been used to study the dynamics of social systems. Disaster-related simulation is one of application fields.  ...  Making use of the simulation results to plan disaster-prevention measure, we need to verify that the simulation results that are reasonable at scenarios that are not confirmed from real data and observations  ...  Open Access This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20591-5_21 fatcat:ybgaofmsdjf7jivykbnawm65q4

Social Force Model-Based Group Behavior Simulation in Virtual Geographic Environments

Lin Huang, Jianhua Gong, Wenhang Li, Tao Xu, Shen Shen, Jianming Liang, Quanlong Feng, Dong Zhang, Jun Sun
2018 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
The social force model (SFM) can simulate interactions among individuals, but it has not sufficiently accounted for inter-group and intra-group behaviors which are important components of crowd dynamics  ...  Crowd simulation provides a method for VGEs to represent crowd behaviors that are observed in the real world.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi7020079 fatcat:jxexrkxr3ffl7efqhkp7bofmq4

Crowd-Robot Interaction: Crowd-aware Robot Navigation with Attention-based Deep Reinforcement Learning [article]

Changan Chen, Yuejiang Liu, Sven Kreiss, Alexandre Alahi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Mobility in an effective and socially-compliant manner is an essential yet challenging task for robots operating in crowded spaces.  ...  Recent works have shown the power of deep reinforcement learning techniques to learn socially cooperative policies.  ...  We acknowledge the support of Samsung and Segway Robotics for the Loomo hardware. We also thank Farshid Moussavi from Samsung for helpful discussions.  ... 
arXiv:1809.08835v2 fatcat:kyx62ecesfaqzicbccxgm3fjoe

Quantitative comparison between crowd models for evacuation planning and evaluation

Vaisagh Viswanathan, Chong Eu Lee, Michael Harold Lees, Siew Ann Cheong, Peter M. A. Sloot
2014 European Physical Journal B : Condensed Matter Physics  
Crowd simulation is rapidly becoming a standard tool for evacuation planning and evaluation.  ...  We simulated three models: (1) the lattice gas model, (2) the social force model, and (3) the RVO2 model, and obtained the distributions of six observables: (1) evacuation time, (2) zoned evacuation time  ...  For example, in a simulation of evacuation, knowledge of the movement of crowds could reveal methods to improve crowd flow and evacuation speed.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjb/e2014-40699-x fatcat:cvzzws7f6jaxrmsdarf47lfuua

Modeling pedestrian crowd behavior based on a cognitive model of social comparison theory

Natalie Fridman, Gal A. Kaminka
2010 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
Modeling crowd behavior is an important challenge for cognitive modelers.  ...  We propose a novel model of crowd behavior, based on Festinger's Social Comparison Theory (SCT), a social psychology theory known and expanded since the early 1950's.  ...  One CA model for pedestrian movement (Blue and Adler 2000) uses a set of 6 IF-THEN rules which work in parallel for all cells, to simulate the movement of pedestrians in cells.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-010-9082-2 fatcat:3ch2faqonraupk5soavfj2qanq

SUMMIT: A Simulator for Urban Driving in Massive Mixed Traffic [article]

Panpan Cai, Yiyuan Lee, Yuanfu Luo, David Hsu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
SUMMIT is built as an extension of CARLA and inherits from it the physics and visual realism for autonomous driving simulation.  ...  This paper presents SUMMIT, a high-fidelity simulator that facilitates the development and testing of crowd-driving algorithms.  ...  Social force can simulate large crowds, but the quality of interactions are constrained by model simplicity.  ... 
arXiv:1911.04074v2 fatcat:jqrt4jcapvchrbw4pv6ygz5yxu

Verification and Validation of Evacuation Models – Methodology Expansion Proposition

Robert Lubaś, Marcin Mycek, Jakub Porzycki, Jarosław Wąs
2014 Transportation Research Procedia  
We propose adding some qualitative tests and distinguishing a base set of tests for all kinds of models from extended set of tests for specialized models.  ...  In November 2013, Technical Note 1822: The Process of Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models was released by NIST.  ...  NIST's Technical Note 1822 is a worthwhile initiative to unify the question of crowd dynamics models testing.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.09.079 fatcat:ipjpgg2vkzftfmuywyxhyqnkzu

Parameter estimation and comparative evaluation of crowd simulations

D. Wolinski, S. J. Guy, A.-H. Olivier, M. Lin, D. Manocha, J. Pettré
2014 Computer graphics forum (Print)  
We demonstrate the benefits of our framework for example-based simulation, modeling of cultural variations, artist-driven crowd animation, and relative comparison of some widely-used multi-agent simulation  ...  Abstract We present a novel framework to evaluate multi-agent crowd simulation algorithms based on real-world observations of crowd movements.  ...  The authors would also like to thank the Golaem company for their help preparing parts of the companion video.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cgf.12328 fatcat:qrs7fkskqng65lbj3rt44vnvci

Study on Evacuation Behavior of Urban Underground Complex in Fire Emergency Based on System Dynamics

Xiaojuan Li, Weibin Chen, Chen Wang, Mukhtar A. Kassem
2022 Sustainability  
A simplified model for large-scale group evacuation of urban subsurface complexes was constructed using system dynamics theory. The Vensim software was used for quantitative simulation.  ...  During a fire evacuation, long lateral evacuation distances, large crowds waiting for evacuation at the same level, and easily panicked populations are common.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors are grateful for the research grants awarded by the MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (grant number 20XJC630068) and financial  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14031343 fatcat:bn775nrnqne73dmmuyq34dkaqe

BDI agents in social simulations: a survey

Carole Adam, Benoit Gaudou
2016 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
This paper provides a methodological guide to the use of BDI agents in social simulations, and an overview of existing methodologies and tools for using them.  ...  This is not always appropriate, in particular in the social sciences trying to account for the complexity of human behaviour.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been partially funded by the ACTEUR ("Spatial Cognitive Agents for Urban Dynamics and Risk Studies") research project.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888916000096 fatcat:7dei2k5h4veeddgzvhnjzcesne

A Hybridized Approach to Validation: The Role of Sociological Research Methods in Pedestrian Modeling

Erika Frydenlund, Terra Elzie, Andrew J. Collins, R. Michael Robinson
2014 Transportation Research Procedia  
Commonly used validation methods make strong assumptions about emergence and the importance of crowd structure, leaving a gap in validation literature.  ...  Pedestrian and crowd-movement models are difficult to validate using traditional empirical methods because of data-related issues such as generalizability, collection ethics, and costs.  ...  An increasingly common way to validate pedestrian models is by comparing videos of real-world or laboratorybased crowds and comparing this qualitative data to simulation results (Kretz et al. (2006) ,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.09.077 fatcat:laxoo4p6wnb6bctihyhsykhdum

Incorporating Intelligence into Exit Choice Model for Typical Evacuation

Mohammed Shuaib, Zarita Zainuddin
2017 Sains Malaysiana  
In simulations, however, the simulated evacuees clogging at exits have behaved non-intelligently, namely they do not give up their exits for better ones for safer egress.  ...  This facilitates the approximately equal crowd size at exits for being until the end of the evacuation process, and thereby the model accomplishes more optimal evacuation.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University for supporting this work under the project No. 370807.  ... 
doi:10.17576/jsm-2017-4610-39 fatcat:w3rowpmprjfhti54hbq3qohcfi

Simulating and animating social dynamics: embedding small pedestrian groups in crowds

Seung In Park, Francis Quek, Yong Cao
2013 Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds  
We present a crowd model informed by common ground theory to accommodate high-level socially aware behavioral realism of characters in crowd simulations.  ...  We demonstrate that our model produces more believable animations from the viewpoint of human observers through a series of user studies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research has been funded by National Science Foundation (NSF) grant, "EAGER: Drummer Game: A Massive Interactive Socially-Enabled Strategy Game," IIS-0940723.  ... 
doi:10.1002/cav.1512 fatcat:vwrnuatkgzaohitd4lrdjxzopm

An Analysis of a Modified Social Force Model in Crowd Emergency Evacuation Simulation

Hamizan Sharbini, Roselina Sallehuddin, Habibollah Haron
2019 Applications of Modelling and Simulation  
In crowd evacuation simulation, a number of exit point and obstacles play an important role that can influence the result in the evacuation simulation.  ...  This paper focuses on the movement of the crowd's emergency evacuation based on a modified social force model (SFM) via optimising the obstacles interaction parameter in one the SFM component.  ...  Agent-based Model Agent-based simulation also being widely used for crowd simulation and the reason is to help explore the evacuation process for example, under fire situation.  ... 
doaj:ad0eef4e7aab49fa9f829c5b3cef8ecc fatcat:xdtwuo3sdvakbgo6gkudabebua
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