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Stronger Syntactic Alignment in the Presence of an Interlocutor

Lotte Schoot, Peter Hagoort, Katrien Segaert
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
We did not find evidence, however, that a speaker's syntactic priming magnitude is influenced by the degree of their conversation partner's priming magnitude.  ...  Top-down influences, such as whether a conversation partner (or, interlocutor) is present, may modulate the degree to which syntactic priming occurs.  ...  Non-adaptive Conditions Fifty manipulation trials were included in the experiment to enable us to have an Adaptive versus Non-Adaptive partner.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00685 pmid:30971995 pmcid:PMC6445862 fatcat:cwnbgvd6ozgnfocusoqi2ekopy

Second Language Learners' Strong Preference for Self-initiated Self-repair: Implications for Theory and Pedagogy

Simin Zeng
2019 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
Comparison of the participants' preference for repair sequence to native speakers shows that they can manage repairs and maintain conversation interactively and socially just as native speakers.  ...  With an aim to report on the current development of the participants in using English socially in terms of managing repairs, this study explores their second language (L2) discourse in three communicative  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported in part by a grant from University of Cambridge Wolfson College.  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.1003.18 fatcat:wrxjz6jnsbeutb32pjnpgxlz7e

A Kaleidoscope of Languages

Ge Gao, Susan R. Fussell
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '17  
We reported a field study of language use in 3 multilingual teams, each of which consisted of some native English speakers (NS) and some non-native English speakers (NNS) who shared a native language with  ...  Language variation was often associated with shifts in content, participants, and communication medium.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was funded in part by National Science Foundation grants #1421929 and #1318899. We thank Leslie Setlock, Sun-Young Hwang, and Alexandra Hinck for their assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3025453.3025839 dblp:conf/chi/GaoF17 fatcat:t4u4urg375efxlemz5c2t32dcu

Four-participant group conversation: A facilitation robot controlling engagement density as the fourth participant

Yoichi Matsuyama, Iwao Akiba, Shinya Fujie, Tetsunori Kobayashi
2015 Computer Speech and Language  
In this paper, we present a framework for facilitation robots that regulate imbalanced engagement density in a four-participant conversation as the forth participant with proper procedures for obtaining  ...  In such scenarios, a conversational robot has the potential to objectively observe and control situations as the fourth participant.  ...  Appendix A. Supplementary data Supplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.csl.2014.12.001.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.csl.2014.12.001 fatcat:nda5oi2m2rdqla5ofndderlvpm

A case study examining backchannels in conversations between Japanese–British dyads

Pino Cutrone
2005 Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communiciation  
Japanese participants sent noticeably more backchannels in three discourse contexts: at or directly after a pause, directly after a primary speaker's nonverbal gesture, and directly after a tag question  ...  Listener responses (called backchannels) and their effect on intercultural communication were investigated in eight dyadic conversations in English between Japanese and British participants.  ...  to facilitate comprehension and allow the conversation to run more smoothly.  ... 
doi:10.1515/mult.2005.24.3.237 fatcat:bnkdmrmuknee7mutsq2m2sh274

Conversational gaze mechanisms for humanlike robots

Bilge Mutlu, Takayuki Kanda, Jodi Forlizzi, Jessica Hodgins, Hiroshi Ishiguro
2012 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
During conversations, speakers employ a number of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms to establish who participates in the conversation, when, and in what capacity.  ...  In these trials, the robot used gaze mechanisms to signal to its conversational partners their roles either of two addressees, an addressee and a bystander, or an addressee and a nonparticipant.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Sara Kiesler for her guidance in experimental design, Toshiyuki Shiwa for his help with data coding and the execution of the experimental evaluation, Laurel Bancroft  ... 
doi:10.1145/2070719.2070725 fatcat:wsl6ztl6efan5j35i2t52olrii

ALICO: A multimodal corpus for the study of active listening

Hendrik Buschmeier, Zofia Malisz, Joanna Skubisz, Marcin Wlodarczak, Ipke Wachsmuth, Stefan Kopp, Petra Wagner
2014 Zenodo  
The Active Listening Corpus (ALICO) is a multimodal database of spontaneous dyadic conversations with diverse speech and gestural annotations of both dialogue partners.  ...  The corpus contributes to research on spontaneous human–human interaction, on functional relations between modalities, and timing variability in dialogue.  ...  The communicative situation in ALICO, interacting with a storytelling partner, was designed to facilitate active and spontaneous listening behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3234693 fatcat:tgctwgait5cqjmnsboo3d5qlpe

You sound attractive! Perceptions of accented English in a multilingual environment

Susana A. Eisenchlas, Chiharu Tsurutani
2011 Australian Review of Applied Linguistics  
The investigators used a modified matched-guised technique to test students' responses to speech samples from six speakers, one Australian born and raised and five foreign born and raised.  ...  The results highlight the importance of foreign language learning in fostering acceptance of linguistic and cultural difference and in facilitating mutual understanding among groups, particularly in multicultural  ...  As a feature identifying a speaker's membership of a national, ethnic or socioeconomic group, a non-mainstream accent is likely to arouse in the hearer a perception of the generalised or stereotypical  ... 
doi:10.1075/aral.34.2.05eis fatcat:7klsjvi4ufbnfbhj4kcorqwyzq

TalkTive: A Conversational Agent Using Backchannels to Engage Older Adults in Neurocognitive Disorders Screening [article]

Zijian Ding, Jiawen Kang, Tinky Oi Ting HO, Ka Ho Wong, Helene H. Fung, Helen Meng, Xiaojuan Ma
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Conversational agents (CAs) have the great potential in mitigating the clinicians' burden in screening for neurocognitive disorders among older adults.  ...  This is used in the development of TalkTive, a CA which can predict both timing and form of backchanneling during cognitive assessments.  ...  We would also like to thank all the study participants for their time and feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2202.08216v1 fatcat:pzzkifp6ffg6xmmjgknegd4bde

TalkTive: A Conversational Agent Using Backchannels to Engage Older Adults in Neurocognitive Disorders Screening

Zijian Ding, Jiawen Kang, Tinky Oi Ting HO, Ka Ho Wong, Helene H Fung, Helen Meng, Xiaojuan Ma
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
Conversational agents (CAs) have the great potential in mitigating the clinicians' burden in screening for neurocognitive disorders among older adults.  ...  This is used in the development of TalkTive, a CA which can predict both timing and form of backchanneling during cognitive assessments.  ...  We would also like to thank all the study participants for their time and feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491102.3502005 fatcat:duavj72fyfbfdoazqhdiygo2m4

Advanced English language acquisition and application in specialized subject areas

Lucia Taylor
2015 OLBI Working Papers  
A sociological approach and the application of sociological terms are intended to show how instructor engagement and efficacy are essential to advancing the language capabilities of non-native English  ...  In such situations, the instructor should endeavour to adopt a holistic teaching approach to promote understanding of the course content along with enhancement of English language skills.  ...  The indirect communication style so ubiquitous in Canada (Adolphe, 2013, pp. 13-18 ) requires a specific language adaptability to participate in everyday conversational themes, so as to avoid being "out  ... 
doi:10.18192/olbiwp.v7i0.1366 fatcat:onf6k4lnmrbglnrkkzih7xoosu

Developing an Oral Communication Strategy Inventory

YASUO NAKATANI
2006 The Modern Language Journal  
To validate the use of the instrument, participant reports on the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) were compared with the result of the OCSI.  ...  The applicability of the survey instrument was subsequently examined in a simulated communicative test for EFL students (N = 62).  ...  Test takers were given the role of a customer (Role A) and an interviewer, who was a class teacher, became a conversation partner as the travel agent (Role B).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-4781.2006.00390.x fatcat:3wo4aldkt5h5zfbkiow4stpz7y

Social and Emotional Etiquette of Chatbots: A Qualitative Approach to Understanding User Needs and Expectations [article]

Ekaterina Svikhnushina, Pearl Pu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Some researchers maintain that humans should avoid engaging in emotional conversations with chatbots, while others have started building empathetic chatting machines using the latest deep learning techniques  ...  To conclude, we summarized a set of emotion interaction patterns that inspire users' intention to adopt such technology as well as guidelines useful for the development of emotionally intelligent chatbots  ...  The authors also express gratitude to all the participants for sharing their ideas, and to Anuradha Welivita Kalpani, Kavous Salehzadeh Niksirat, and Yubo Xie for assisting the note-taking process during  ... 
arXiv:2006.13883v2 fatcat:wedsw5qylreutbx7wpiwnwamoa

Speech Accommodation Without Priming: The Case of Pitch

Tom Gijssels, Laura Staum Casasanto, Kyle Jasmin, Peter Hagoort, Daniel Casasanto
2015 Discourse Processes  
In a virtual reality experiment, we manipulated the pitch of a virtual interlocutor's speech to find out (1) whether participants accommodated to the agent's F0, (2) whether the amount of accommodation  ...  Participants accommodated to the virtual interlocutor, but accommodation did not increase in strength over the conversation and disappeared immediately after the conversation ended.  ...  Participants had a conversation with a virtual agent whose F0 was either digitally raised or lowered.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0163853x.2015.1023965 fatcat:hkisy25nfbcwxlvnxb2z52pzjq

Lexical Alignment to Non-native Speakers

Iva Ivanova, Holly Branigan, Janet McLean, Albert Costa, Martin Pickering
2021 Dialogue and Discourse  
In Experiment 1, a group of native speakers of British English that was not given evidence of their conversation partners' picture-matching performance showed more alignment to non-native than to native  ...  Two picture-matching-game experiments investigated if lexical-referential alignment to non-native speakers is enhanced by a desire to aid communicative success (by saying something the conversation partner  ...  1, to Yolanda Garcia, Jennifer Klimowicz, Sara Rodriguez and Jasmin Sadat for acting as confederates in Experiment 2, and to Kyle Wolff for formatting the final version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.5210/dad.2021.205 fatcat:sgjthzgsr5dl7amwvnbcyf6k4e
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